Collection: Athens, Acropolis Museum
Title: Antenor Kore
Context: From Athens, Acropolis
Findspot: Found at Athens, Acropolis (the lower part was found in 1882 East of the Parthenon while the upper part was found in 1886 West of the Erechtheion)
Summary: Standing female statue
Object Function: Votive
Sculptor: Signed by Antenor
Material: Marble
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue: kore
Category: Single monument
Style: Late Archaic
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original
Date: ca. 530 BC - ca. 520 BC
Dimensions: H. 2.01 m (not including plinth); H. (incl. plinth) 2.155 m
Scale: Over life-size
Region: Attica
Period: Late Archaic


Subject Description: A young, muscular woman stands in a frontal pose, with her left leg slightly advanced. She wears a short Ionic himation draped diagonally over a medium-sleeved chiton buttoned on the upper arms. Her long hair is arranged with four crinkly locks falling over the front of each shoulder; three horizontally arranged layers of spiral locks on her forehead are superimposed by a stephane, or narrow crown. She holds her bent left arm at her side, and firmly grasps a portion of her skirt with her left hand; she reaches forward with her (missing) right hand, which presumably held a votive offering.

Form & Style: The drapery is strongly vertical in orientation.

Condition: Nearly complete

Condition Description: Comprised of a rejoined fragments (and some restorations, e.g. on the left forearm) constituting the most of the kore; a separate base to which it belonged has also been identified. The drapery is chipped at the edges, and the nose has broken off, as have the toes and fingers on the left hand. Small traces of the inlaid purple crystal remain on the eyes (the metal case for the crystal, to which lashes would have been added, remains on the left eye). The right forearm is completely missing. The inscribed base (which probably belonged to this statue, although this has not been proven) preserves some painted decoration (as do the drapery and stephane), while the inscribed surface is broken.

Material Description: Island marble, according to Richter

Technique Description: Holes in the lobes of the ears and on the stephane indicate that earrings and other decoration in another material (metal?) would have been added; Brouskari adds also that she would have worn a bracelet on her left arm. Richter (70) notes remains on a bronze meniskos on the head.

Inscription:

The inscription on the base is as follows:*N*E*A*R*X*O*S *A*N*E*Q*E*K*E[*N *H*O *K*E*R*A*M*E]*U*S *E*R*G*O*N *A*P*A*R*X*E*N *T*A*Q[*E*N*A*I*A*I]*A*N*T*E*N*O*R *E*P[*O*I*S*E*N *H]*O *E*U*M*A*R*O*S *T[*O *A*G*A*L*M*A].

This is roughly translated as "Nearchos (the potter?) dedicated it from the first fruits to Athena. Antenor, the son of Eumares, made the statue."

Sources Used: Brouskari 1974, 78-79, figs. 152-53; Richter 1968, 69 ff. no. 110, figs. 339-40 (with previous bibliography)

Other Bibliography: Deyhle 1969 40 ff.; Agora XI, 7-8; Karouzos 1961, 46-47 C 6; Lippold 1950, 81 n. 1, fig. 24.1; Raubitschek 1949, no. 197; Langlotz in Langlotz & Schuchhardt 1943, 80 no. 38, pls. 50-52, 109; Payne 1936, 31 ff., 63 ff., pls. 51-53, 124.5