|Title:||Cult statue of Athena Parthenos|
|Context:||From Athens, Acropolis|
|Summary:||Athena Parthenos armed and standing|
|Sculptor:||Literary attestation to Pheidias|
|Sculpture Type:||Free-standing statue|
|Original or Copy:||Original (lost)|
As restored from copies, Athena probably stood with her weight on her right leg, and her left leg relaxed. She wore sandals, a peplos belted over the overfold, an aegis, and a helmet. A centauromachy was illustrated on the soles (?) of her sandals, and the helmet was decorated with griffins and sphinxes. On the palm of her outstretched (right?) hand she held a statue of Nike, and in the other she held a spear. At her feet rested a shield, within which (?) a serpent (representing Erichthonios) was coiled. The shield was decorated on the outside with an Amazonomachy, and on the inside with gigantomachy. On the statue base was illustrated the birth of Pandora, the progenitor of the race of women.
Associated Building: Athens, Parthenon