Title: Cult statue of Athena Parthenos
Context: From Athens, Acropolis
Summary: Athena Parthenos armed and standing
Object Function: Cult
Sculptor: Literary attestation to Pheidias
Material: Chryselephantine
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue
Category: Original/copies
Style: High Classical
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original (lost)
Date: 432 BC
Scale: Colossal
Period: High Classical

Subject Description:

As restored from copies, Athena probably stood with her weight on her right leg, and her left leg relaxed. She wore sandals, a peplos belted over the overfold, an aegis, and a helmet. A centauromachy was illustrated on the soles (?) of her sandals, and the helmet was decorated with griffins and sphinxes. On the palm of her outstretched (right?) hand she held a statue of Nike, and in the other she held a spear. At her feet rested a shield, within which (?) a serpent (representing Erichthonios) was coiled. The shield was decorated on the outside with an Amazonomachy, and on the inside with gigantomachy. On the statue base was illustrated the birth of Pandora, the progenitor of the race of women.

Condition: Lost

Associated Building: Athens, Parthenon

Sources Used: Pollitt 1990, 56-58

Other Bibliography: Leipen 1971