|Collection:||Athens, Agora Museum|
|Title:||Apollo Patroos, cult statue|
|Context:||From Athens, Agora|
|Findspot:||Excavated at Athens, Agora, in the Metroon (1907)|
|Sculptor:||Literary attestation to Euphranor|
|Sculpture Type:||Free-standing statue|
|Original or Copy:||Original|
|Date:||ca. 350 BC - ca. 325 BC|
H 2.54 m not including plinth
Standing Apollo dressed in chiton, high-belted peplos and shoulder-pinned himation, with kithara at left side. Found in the Metroon, near the Temple of Apollo Patroos. Since the stylistic date of the statue corresponds with the erection of the new temple in the third quarter of the 4th century, the statue has long been taken as the cult image of the temple, a work of Euphranor according to Pausanias (
Form & Style:
High-belting of peplos, non-supporting leg breaking through the veil of heavy material, tiered arrangement of drapery with V-pattern of folds over chest and long, straight, deeply-carved folds below, and pose with direction of head in opposition to turn of body all find parallels in the third quarter of the 4th century in votive and grave reliefs and in vase painting. The shoulder-pinned back mantle is especially noteworthy. Though Athena wears it already in the later 5th century, the garment becomes especially popular after the middle of the 4th century, probably reflecting an important and much-copied statue of Athena created at this time. Apollo adopts the mantle from her but thereafter makes it his own.
A more specific dating to ca. 340-330 B.C. is often suggested.
Condition: Nearly complete
Torso mended from two huge fragments. Arms and kithara have been broken away. Head was inset; now lacking. General lack of weathering suggests the statue stood indoors or in a protected position.
Associated Building: Athens, Temple of Apollo Patroos
Excavated in 1907 in the Metroon in the Agora by the Greek Archaeological Service.