Collection: Athens, National Archaeological Museum
Title: Central West Pediment figure from Epidauros
Context: From Epidauros
Findspot: Excavated at Epidauros, Sanctuary of Asklepios
Summary: An Amazon, perhaps Penthesilea, riding 3/4-view to the right
Sculptor: Epigraphic attribution to Timotheos and others
Material: Marble
Sculpture Type: Architectural
Category: Statuary group
Placement: Pediment
Style: Late Classical
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original
Date: ca. 380 BC - ca. 370 BC
Dimensions: H. 0.90 m; W. 0.81 m
Scale: Under life-size
Region: Argolid
Period: Late Classical
In Whole: West Pediment from the Temple of Asklepios at Epidauros


Subject Description: An Amazon rider, perhaps the Queen Penthesilea, wearing a chlamys, or cape, fluttering at her back, a belted chitoniskos, and high leather boots (embades) rides a horse in 3/4-view to the right. While the horse rears on its hind legs, the Amazon raises her right arm, perhasp to thrust a spear at the enemy.

Form & Style: Because of the height of this figure, scholars have determined that it was probably placed at the center of the pediment.

Condition: Fragmentary

Condition Description: The Amazon lacks both arms, below the shoulders, head, and feet; the horse lacks head and top of neck, left forelegs, right front hoof, tail, and lower hindlegs. The surface is slightly stained and weathered.

Technique Description: Some dowel holes on the neck of the horse indicate where the bridal would have been attached, probably worked in metal.

Associated Building: Epidauros, Temple of Asklepios

Sources Used: Boardman 1995, fig. 10.2; Stewart 1990, fig. 461; Karouzou 1968, 101