Collection: Athens, National Archaeological Museum
Summary: Side A: Athena Promachos, next to a statue of Eirene and PloutosSide B: Pankration
Ware: Attic Black Figure
Painter: Marsyas Painter
Context: Excavated at Eretria
Date: exact 360 BC - exact 359 BC
Dimensions: H. 0.735 m; max. diam. (body) 0.375
Shape: Panathenaic amphora
Beazley Number: 31339
Period: Late Classical


Date Description: Archonship of Kallimedes

Decoration Description:

A: An inscription, *A*R*X*W*N*K*A*L*L*I*M*H*D*H*S, along a black Ionic (?) column on a one-stepped base, topped with a white plinth, with broader black plinth above; on the plinth a female figure, standing 3/4-view to the right, with her weight on her left leg, and her head in profile to the right, raises her right hand, and cradles in her left arm a white keras from which emerges a small, white boy, Ploutos, with black hair, wearing a black himation (?); he reaches his right hand up towards the head of the female figure; in the center, an archaistic Athena Promachos, standing profile to the right; an inscription, *T*O*N*A*Q[*E]*N*E*Q*E*N*A*Q*L*O*N, along another black column supporting a statue, identical except that the boy is shown holding a smaller white keras, rather than emerging from it.

B: A bearded male figure, probably the referee, standing 3/4-view to the right, with his weight on his left leg, and his head turned profile to the right, wearing a white olive wreath, and a black diagonal himation draped over his left shoulder, arm, and hand (the latter resting on his left hip), holds a white grain stalk diagonally in his right hand, which hangs by his side; a white Nike with black wings, flying 3/4-view to the right, wearing a black chiton with a long kolpos, awarding a white garland to a nude pankratiast, with himantes (leather hand thongs), leaning 3/4-view to the right over another nude pankratiast, also with himantes, on the ground, 3/4-view to the left; a white female figure, perhaps Olympias, standing 3/4-view to the left, legs crossed, with her weight on her left leg, wearing a black himation draped over her left shoulder and obscuring her left hand, which she rests on her left hip, and a long pony-tail, leans on a short thick white column (?) with a flat base.

Graffiti: For a more secure representation of Olympias on a Panathenaic amphora see Cambridge 1925.30.124.

Collection History: Excavated at Eretria, building plot 740 (E/5), near the Gymnasium (found 1969).

Sources Used: Valavanis 1997, fig. 7; LIMC 7 (1992) s.v. Olympias no. 38 no. 3 (E. Simon); LIMC, 6.877 s.v. Nike no. 325 (A. Moustaka); Valavanis 1991, 42-45 K 4, 152-57, 268-86, pls. 29, 46.2; P. Valavanis in Mind and Body 289-90 no. 178 (color pl.); Eschbach 1986, 61 C2, kat. 44, figs. 46-47, pls. 18.3-4; LIMC, 3.702-703 s.v. Eirene no. 6b, pl. 541 (E. Simon); Themelis 1980, 268, fig. 101a; Themelis 1976, 81-82, fig. 4b; La Rocca 1974, 125, fig. 20, 22.