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Charioteer and apobates competitor

Collection: Athens, Acropolis Museum
Title: Base with Apobates Relief
Context: From Athens, Acropolis
Findspot: Found at Athens, Acropolis, West slope (in 1880)
Summary: Apobates competition
Material: Marble
Sculpture Type: Statue base, relief-decorated
Category: Separated fragments
Style: Late Classical
Technique: Low relief
Original or Copy: Original
Date: ca. 300 BC
Dimensions: H. 0.41 m, W. 0.84 m
Scale: Under life-size
Region: Attica
Period: Early Hellenistic

Subject Description: Apobates competition showing four-horse chariot, charioteer and nude apobator with helmet and shield in profile view. The figure with armor jumped off a moving chariot and then back on, in imitation of an early technique of warfare long abandoned but preserved in contests. It was performed as part of the Panathenaic festival and as such was depicted in the course of the Parthenon frieze. The contests were held in the area of the Agora, where similar reliefs have been found. This relief decorates the base of a lost votive offering, presumably dedicated by a the winner of such a competition.

Form & Style: Late reflection of earlier composition and style. Folds of drapery of charioteer's chiton simplified to a few parallel ridges separating wide, flat areas.

Condition: Complete

Condition Description: Minimal damage

Material Description: Pentelic

Sources Used: Brouskari 1974, 23-24