Plan, Athens, Old Temple of Athena

Context: Athens
Type: Temple
Summary: Peripteral temple; on the Acropolis, between the Parthenon and the Erechtheion.
Date: ca. 529 BC - 520 BC
Dimensions:

Stylobate: 43.44 m x 21.34 m; axial spacing external columns: 4.04 m fronts (3.73 m corners), 3.83 m flanks (3.47 m corners); lower diameter external column: ca. 1.63 m fronts, ca. 155 m flanks; height external columns: ca. 7.4 m; height entablatures: 3.99 m.

Region: Attica
Period: Archaic


Plan:

A Doric peripteral temple, 6 x 12 columns, double cella, with Ionic tetrastyle prostyle pronaos and opisthodomos. In the east cella was an interior colonnade of 6 columns, 3 on each side, dividing the cella into 3 aisles. The west cella was divided into 3 chambers, with 2 approximately square rooms at its east end leaving a 3rd, larger rectangular anteroom entered directly from the opisthodomos.

History:

On the same location as probable earlier Geometric and late 7th century temples of Athena. This temple of 529 - 520 B.C. was damaged by the Persians in 480/79 B.C. and much of the material was reused (and is still visible) in the Themistoklean wall on the north of the Acropolis. Dinsmoor suggests that the western cella and opisthodomos remained and were used as a treasury until ca. 450 B.C. Travlos has reconstructed the pronaos and opisthodomos as distyle in antis.

Other Bibliography:

Travlos 1971, 143-147; Dinsmoor 1975, 90-91, 337

See Also: Athens, Acropolis 631