Side B: maenads dancing around image of Dionysos

Side A: maenad on far left

Side A: maenad on far right

Side B: scene at center

Tondo: Dionysos and satyr, lower half

Side A: third maenad from left

Collection: Berlin, Antikenmuseen
Summary: Interior: Dionysos and satyr. Side A and B: maenads dancing at the image of Dionysos.
Ware: Attic Red Figure
Painter: Attributed to Makron
Potter: Signed by Hieron
Context: From Vulci
Date: ca. 490 BC - ca. 480 BC

H. 12.3 cm., d. 33.0 cm.

Primary Citation: ARV2, 462.48; Para., 377; Beazley Addenda 2, 244
Shape: kylix
Beazley Number: 204730
Region: Etruria
Period: Late Archaic


The cup is in very good condition. There are small patches where the surface has been damaged.

Decoration Description:

Interior: Dionysos and satyr. Dionysos, holding a sprouting grape vine in his left hand and a thyrsos in his right, stands listening to a flute-playing satyr. The satyr, on the left, plays a double flute. He wears fringed boots and a wreath, and has a tail, pointed ears and a bald head. Dionysos wears a chiton and mantle, a wreath and soft shoes.

Sides A and B: maenads dancing at the image of Dionysos. Maenads dance to the right, hair flying, completely caught up in their rapture, toward the altar and image of Dionysos on side B. On side A, the maenad on the far left carries a thyrsos, her other hand reaching forward. In front of her is a maenad playing krotala. A third maenad spins around in front of her, carrying a small fawn in one hand and a thyrsos in the other. To the right dances another maenad, one arm curved over her head, the other cradling a krater decorated with a satyr, palmettes and ivy leaves. In front of is another dancing maenad with a thyrsos, and on the far right a sixth maenad, one hand over her head, the other reaching toward the large wreath-bedecked krater standing under the handle of the vase. The image of Dionysos stands in the center of side B. It is a low pillar draped with clothes and a mask of Dionysos. Behind it stands a tree decorated with round balls of uncertain meaning. The altar to the right is a low structure crowned by a palmette and decorated with a painting of a seated man with a beard wearing a mantle and leaning on a staff (Dionysos?). On the far left, continuing the procession from side A, is a dancing maenad, hair flying as she spins, one arm outstretched. To the right, standing just behind the statue of Dionysos, is a maenad playing a double-flute. She wears a sakkos. A maenad dances to the right of the statue, partly hidden by the altar. Two more dancing maenads occupy the space to the right of the altar, the one nearest the altar carrying a thyrsos, her other arm outstretched. The maenad on the far right dances with one hand over her head, her body curved toward the altar. All the maenad wear chitons with overfolds. The statue of Dionysos, which perhaps consists of simply a mask on a post, is clothed in chiton, mantle and wreath.

Shape Description:

For the shape see Bloesch 92, Hieron no. 19.


The signature of the potter is incised on one handle: [epig-rough]*I*E*R*O*N *E*P*O*I*E*S*E*N, Hieron made it (or me).

Collection History:

The cup was once in the Canino collection. It was acquired by the museum in 1841.

Sources Used:

CVA, Germany 21, Berlin 2: pl. 87.1-4, 89.1-5, 128.1,5.

Other Bibliography:

Greifenhagen A.K. pl. 65-67.