Mantiklos, right profile

Mantiklos, detail of head, neck and shoulders: from left

Mantiklos, back view

Mantiklos, left profile

Mantiklos, detail of head, neck and shoulders: back

Mantiklos, frontal view

Collection: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Title: Mantiklos "Apollo"
Context: From Thebes
Findspot: Found at Thebes (perhaps the Ismenion)
Summary: Standing belted male, with an inscription on his right leg
Object Function: Votive
Material: Bronze
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue: kouros
Category: Single sculpture
Style: Early Archaic
Technique: Solid cast
Original or Copy: Original
Date: ca. 700 BC
Dimensions: H. 0.203 m
Scale: Miniature
Region: Boeotia
Period: Early Archaic

Subject Description: Slender abstracted male figure, perhaps representing Apollo, with a broad belt at the cinched waist, broad shoulders, and a long neck. The hair, reminiscent of the Daedalic style, is arranged in thick locks (two over each shoulder, and five on the back) incised with closely spaced diagonal lines. The surface on the crown seems to be smooth except for an incised line down the center part and incised bands around the crown: this seems to indicate a close-fitting helmet or leather cap. Some incised lines on the torso seem to indicate musculature or perhaps a cuirass. Attributes, such as a weapon in the upraised left hand, are now missing.

Form & Style:

An attachment hole in the left hand indicates that the figure may have held a bow (in the figure is interpreted as Apollo) or a spear (if interpreted a warrior). According to the latter interpretation, the warrior may have also carried a shield on his (now missing) right arm. There is also an attachment hole in the forehead, and other marks, for attachment on the top of the head, indicate that a wreath or a helmet (or part of a helmet) made of a different metal is now missing.

The style of this elongated kouros, which indicates attention to human proportion, exemplifies the height of Early (or Proto-Archaic) sculpture.

Condition: Intact

Condition Description: Preserved from the knees up, except the right arm and attributes, which are missing. The eyes, which were made of another material and inset, are also lost. Green patina on surface; some encrustations.

Inscription: On the front thighs are inscribed, in archaic Boiotian characters, the following two hexameters: *M*A*N*T*I*K*L*O*S *M*A*N*E*Q*E*K*E *V*E*K*A*B*O*L*O*I *A*R*G*U*R*O*T*O*X*S*O*I *T*A*S *D*E*K*A*T*A*S *T*U *D*E *F*O*I*B*E *D*I*D*O*I *X*A*R*I*V*E*T*T*A*N *A*M*O*I*V[*A*N]. Trans.: "Mantiklos offers me as a tithe to Apollo of the silver bow; do you, Phoibos, give some pleasing favor in return."

Collection History: Formerly in the E.P. Warren and Tyszkiewicz Collections; acquired by the MFA in 1903.

Sources Used: Comstock & Vermeule 1971, no. 15

Other Bibliography: N. Papalexendrou, AJA 101 (1997) 345-46; Donderer, JOAI 65 (1996) 92; Kyrieleis 1996, 66; Biers 1987, 136-37, fig. 6.12; Houser 1987, 162, n. 5; Vermeule & Comstock 1988, 118, under no. 15 (with full bibliography); Bol 1985, 207, n. 147; LIMC, 2.194, 314, no. 40, pl. 185; Barron 1984, 10-11, ill.; Richardson 1983, 34 (n. 62), 37, 100 (n. 19); Blome 1982, 52; Vermeule 1982, 80, 83-85, 217, 377-79, fig. 138; Hampe & Simon 1981, 256, 277, 307, pls. 427-28; Popham 1980, 4; Houser 1979, 12; Lullies & Hirmer 1979, 16, 42, no. 10, pl. 10; Devambez 1978, 90-91, ill.; Boardman 1978a, 10, 30, fig. 10; Coldstream 1977, 302; Pedley 1976, 20; Jeffery 1976, 78, pl. 7; MFA Handbook 1975, 78-79, ill..