Title: Eirene and Ploutos type
Context: From Athens, Agora
Summary: Eirene, shown as a mother, holding the baby Ploutos
Object Function: Victory?
Sculptor: Literary attestation to Kephisodotos
Material: Marble
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue
Category: Original/copies
Style: Late Classical
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original (lost)
Date: 375 BC - 371 BC
Scale: Over life-size
Region: Attica
Period: Late Classical

Subject Description: As restored from copies, this statue showed Eirene, the personification of peace, standing nearly frontal, with her weight on her left leg, and her right leg relaxed. She wore a peplos, a himation draped over both shoulders (seemingly attached where peplos was fastened), long hair, some rolled around a taenia, with an ampyx (hairband) revealing itself at the front, earrings (made from metal?), and thick-soled sandals. She turned her head in a 3/4-view, tilted down, to look at the baby Ploutos, personification of wealth, cradled in her left arm, along with a keras (horn of plenty). Ploutos, seated 3/4-view to the left, with legs crossed, wearing a himation draped over his knees, lower legs, and thighs tilted his head in 3/4-back-view to the left, looking up at Eirene, reaching his right arm up to her, and his left arm down at his side.

Date Description: This statue was probably commissioned to celebrate either a peace made with Sparta in 374 B.C., after Timotheos' victory over the Spartans (also the founding of Eirene's cult in Athens) or the peace of Kallias in 371 B.C. Since an image of the statue is pictured on Panathenaic amphorae of 360/59 B.C. (dated by dipinti naming the archon of that year) it must have been completed by then.

Condition: Lost

Sources Used: Smith 1997, cat. S4

Other Bibliography: Boardman 1995, 52-53, fig. 24; Shapiro 1993, 45, 48; Junius 2, 92 no. 269; Pollitt 1990, 83; Stewart 1990, 14, 173-74, pls. 485-87, 836; Simon 1987, 166-67; LIMC, 3.703 s.v. Eirene no. 8, pl. 541 (E. Simon); Vierneisel-Schlörb 1979, 255-73; Lullies & Hirmer, pl. 195; Beschi & Musti 1982, 285-86; Hadzisteliou-Price 1978, 62; Parke 1977, 32-33, fig. 3; Jung 1976; Robertson 1975, 383-87; Borbein 1973, 113-20; La Rocca 1974, 113 no. 1 (and no. 6), figs. 4-6; Pollitt 1972, 151-52, fig. 63; Richter 1970d, fig. 659, 633; Künzl 1968, 10 n. 6; Hamdorf 1964, 107 nos. 397d and 401a, 110 no. 435a1; Hibbs 1962, 80, figs. 98-99; Helbig, 4.3326 (H. v. Steuben); Grossman 1959, 238-39 n. FS17; Agora 3 (1957) 66-67 nos. 158-59, 168-69 no. 553; A. Rumpf, Archäologie 2. Slg. Göschen 539 (1956) 88-94; Klein 1898, 86 n. 1; BrBr, 43