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Overview: side A

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Room with three-dimensional approximations of Greek vases in the British M...

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Three-dimensional approximation of the vase

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Lip: inscription by potter

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Side A: Dionysos and satyrs

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Overview: side B

Collection: London, British Museum
Summary: Neck: A: Dionysos and satyrs. B: frontal chariot.
Ware: Attic Black Figure
Painter: Attributed to Psiax
Potter: Signed by Andokides
Date: ca. 530 BC - ca. 520 BC
Dimensions:

H. 0.395 m.

Primary Citation: ABV, 293, 7
Shape: Amphora
Beazley Number: 302217
Period: Archaic


Condition:

One break across the body.

Decoration Description:

Side A: Dionysos and two satyrs. The god hurries left, looking back. He wears an ivy wreath, chiton and himation and carries a drinking horn in his right hand, and an ivy tendril in his left. The ivy spreads in the field before him, while another tendril, springing from behind his back, fills the right field symmetrically. The satyr on the left crouches raising his hands; the one on the right dances with one hand clenched, the other raised to the god. The beards of all the figures, tails of the satyrs, and dots on Dionysos' chiton are painted red. The groups of four dots on the chiton are painted white.

Side B: Frontal chariot with four horses. There is a charioteer in a long chiton looking left, the head of a warrior in a Corinthian helmet looking right. At either side stand naked youths, arms flexed with clenched hands. The helmet crest, manes of the center horses, horses' chest bands, youths' forelocks, and a stripe across the chariot body are painted red. The chiton and pendants on the chest bands are painted white.

There is an inscription in black along the plain top of the lip *A*N*D*O*K*I*D*E*S *E*P*O*I*E ("Andokides made [me]").

Beazley, (ABV) notes the similarities in shape between this amphora and two others of the same class made by Andokides, but painted by Antimenes Louvre F 201, Copenhagen, Thorvaldsen Museum, 38. All three amphora have black bodies, and this may suggest metal prototypes for this class. D. Kurtz (as cited in the CVA) has pointed out a bronze version published in Kunst der Antike (Sch├Ątze aus norddeutschem Privatbesitz) 1977, 91f., no. 63; and also that the placing of the signature on the lip of the British Museum vase reflects the practice with metal vases.

For the field decoration of vines, as well as the figural style, see Museo Poldi-Peoli, Milan, inv. 482 the kyathos attributed to the Psiax Painter by G. Richter, which depicts a reclining Dionysos flanked by two satyrs.

Inscriptions:

There is an inscription in black along the plain top of the lip *A*N*D*O*K*I*D*E*S *E*P*O*I*E ("Andokides made [me]").

Collection History:

Ex. Coll. Castle Ashby

Sources Used:

CVA, Great Britain 15, Castle Ashby, 1979; G. Richter "A Kyathos by Psiax in the Museo Poldi-Peoli" AJA 45 (1941) 587-592; Mertens 1979, 22

Other Bibliography:

Mommsen 1975, 31; H.R.W. Smith 1929, 4, 38