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Side A: scene at center

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Side B: athletes

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Three-dimensional approximation of the vase

Collection: London, British Museum
Summary: Side A: Athena. Side B: Pentathlon.
Ware: Attic Black Figure
Painter: Name vase of the Euphiletos Painter
Context: Vulci
Date: ca. 530 BC - ca. 520 BC
Dimensions:

H 0.625m

Primary Citation: ABV, 322.1, 666, 694; Para, 142, 1; Beazley Addenda 2, 87
Shape: Panathenaic amphora
Beazley Number: 301687
Region: Etruria
Period: Archaic


Decoration Description:

Side A: At center stands Athena, facing left between two Doric columns surmounted by cocks. Her head, waist, and feet are shown in profile, while her shoulders are frontal. She holds her shield with her right hand and raises a spear high above her head with her left. She wears a helmet, the high crest of which overlaps the tongue frieze on the upper border of the panel, the shield bears the device of a wheel in added white. She wears a long, sleeveless chiton embroidered with patterns of stars and spirals, girt at the waist, over which hangs her aegis decorated with a scale pattern and inner and outer fringes of snakes. Rapid movement is indicated by the folds of her chiton. Her face and arms are in added white for female flesh. In front of Athena is inscribed *T*O*N*A*Q*E*N*E*Q*E*N*A*Q*L*O*N, "(I am) one of the prizes from Athens." On the shield is inscribed, *E*U*F*I*L*E*T*O*S *K*A*L*O*S, "Euphiletos is beautiful."

Side B: There are four bearded nude athletes, competing in the pentathlon. They proceed from left to right. On the left is one with both arms raised, holding halteres (jumping weights) painted in added white, and about to leap. The next is about to hurl a spear which he holds by the amentum (throwing strap) in his right hand. His left hand is raised for balance. His left knee is also raised, about to lunge forward. The next walks, carrying his discus in his right hand, his left hand raised. On the right another figure, walking right, turns his head to the left. He gets ready to throw his spear with his right hand. He holds the spear by the amentum (throwing strap) with the point down and keeps his left hand raised and out of the way of the javelin.

On the neck there is a lotus-palmette chain. Beneath a raised fillet at the junction of neck and shoulder is a circumscribed tongue pattern in black and added red. On the lower body above the foot is a band of rays.

Inscriptions:

In front of Athena is inscribed *T*O*N*A*Q*E*N*E*Q*E*N*A*Q*L*O*N, "(I am) one of the prizes from Athens." On the shield is inscribed, *E*U*F*I*L*E*T*O*S *K*A*L*O*S, "Euphiletos is beautiful."

Sources Used:

Walters 1893, 99-100, pl. 3; Beazley 1986, pl. 49, 1-3; CVA, 1, 3, pl. 2 a,b; Boardman 1974, fig. 297