Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, detail of upper torso

Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, left profile

Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, detail of lower torso

Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, torso from left

Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, frontal view

Torso of Kore from Klazomenai, left profile

Collection: Paris, Musée du Louvre
Title: Kore from Klazomenai
Context: Probably from Klazomenai
Findspot: Found near Vourla, the necropolis of Klazomenai
Summary: Draped female torso with offering
Material: Limestone
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue: kore
Category: Single monument
Style: High Archaic
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original
Date: ca. 535 BC - ca. 520 BC
Dimensions: H. 0.42 m
Scale: Under life-size
Region: Ionia
Period: High Archaic

Subject Description:

Torso of kore dressed in chiton and himation. Her left arm is held close to her side. Her right forearm is held in front of her chest; in her hand is an offering, said to be a small bird.

The chiton covers the upper torso like a second skin. It is set off from the neck and left arm by a raised and finely finished border. Except at the border the chiton reflects the modeling of the body beneath, and neither indicates the texture of the cloth nor exhibits any interest in surface pattern on the part of the sculptor. In this respect the figure is like the Lyon Kore. Over the chiton she wears a himation draped from the right shoulder which passes under the left breast and arm. Again there is little interest in surface pattern. Folds are certainly indicated, but in simple, straight-forward fashion. The edge of the himation which passes under the left arm consists of a single clean fold. The part of the himation which covers the right breast and arm is rendered as perfectly smooth, though in this case the heavy weight of the cloth is evident by the way in which it hides, rather than exhibits, the modulations of the body which it covers. The folds form stacks in the usual way both in front and in back. They do not fall uniformly vertically, but reflect the pull of the himation toward the left arm. Below the himation, the lower part of the chiton is again completely smooth in so far as it is preserved. Only the edge of the paryphe is indicated by a raised edge. It forms a broad curve where it is grasped by the left hand at the side of the leg. The hair consists of two tendrils which fall forward over each shoulder, and nine others which fall down the back. On the back they do not form a single mass but are also carved as individual tendrils, separated by spaces near the ends. The tendrils are divided by horizontal chisel cuts into pinch-style beads.

The feet and plinth of a kore found in the same area which bear the same museum number were disassociated from the torso years ago on the basis of style and scale. Laboratory analysis has confirmed that disassociation; the stone of the two fragments is different.

Date Description: A date around the beginning of the last quarter of the 6th century, i.e. ca. 530 to 520 BC, has been favored by scholars most recently. Langlotz prefers a slightly later date.

Condition: Single fragment

Condition Description: The torso is broken diagonally from neck across right back shoulder and at mid-thighs. Parts of left forearm and hand, right fingers, object in right hand and back of rump also broken away. Scratches and surface damage are evident throughout the sculpture.

Material Description: Fine-grained (Hamiaux)

Collection History: Acquired in 1898 by the Louvre as a gift of P. Gaudin.

Sources Used: Hamiaux 1992, no. 52; Ridgway 1977, 98; Langlotz 1975, 120f.; Tuchelt 1970, L 86; Richter 1968, 92 no. 163, figs. 520-23 (incorrect mus. no.)

Other Bibliography: Lippold 1950, 61; Langlotz 1927, 104; Cat. Som. 1922, 41; E. Michon, BCH 32 (1909), 259 ff.; M. Collignon, RA 1900, 2, 374 ff.