|Summary:||Rectangular market area in center of city, south of the North Market and the Bouleuterion. Bordered at the east by a long portico, and at the north and south by two L-shaped stoas.|
|Date:||ca. 280 BC - ca. 150 BC|
Overall dimensions of agora: 164 m. x 194 m. Dimensions of east portico: overall length 189.2 m.; depth 22.69 m.; depth of portico 7.06 m.; intercolumniation of colonnade 2.38 m.; width of rooms 4.17 m.; depth of rooms 6.29 m. (front row), 2.69 m. (middle row), 4.12 m. (back row).Dimensions of north L-shaped stoa: length of north wing 129.25 m.; depth 13.77 m.; length of west wing 101.05 m.; depth 13.52 m.; intercolumniation of exterior colonnade 2.23 m.; intercolumniation of interior colonnade 4.46 M. Dimensions of south L-shaped stoa: length of west wing ca. 84.5 m.; depth ca. 13.50 m.; length of south wing 126.73 m.; depth 21.11 m.; depth of portico 14.32 m.; intercolumniation of exterior colonnade ca. 2.11 m.; intercolumniation of interior colonnade 4.22 m.
Doric and Ionic(?). The colonnade of the east portico is Doric. The outer colonnades of the north and south stoa were Doric; the interior colonnades may have been Ionic.
In plan, the South Market is a large, rectangular space defined by stoas. At the east extends a long portico with three rows of rooms behind it; at the north is a two-aisled L-shaped stoa without additional rooms; and at the south, a second two-aisled L-shaped stoa with a single row of rooms behind the south wing.
A fragmentary inscription preserved on a Doric architrave found to the north of the east portico refers to a son of Seleukos I; if the inscription can be connected with the east portico, it indicates that this structure was funded by Antiochos I (280-261 B.C.)
The planning of the South Market at Miletus dates to slightly later than the
The interpretation of the South Market as the political agora of Miletus is open to question, although statue bases of leading figures of the Hellenistic and Roman periods were erected in the colonnades of the east portico. The east portico is interpreted by the excavators as a shopping area, and may be the