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So-called "Ilioneus," back view, top

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So-called "Ilioneus," right view

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So-called "Ilioneus," feet, from behind

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So-called "Ilioneus," back view

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So-called "Ilioneus," front view of torso

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So-called "Ilioneus," left view

Collection: Munich, Glyptothek
Title: So-called "Ilioneus"
Summary: Kneeling male figure, perhaps a Niobid
Material: Marble
Sculpture Type: Free-standing statue
Category: Original/copies
Style: Early Hellenistic
Technique: In-the-round
Original or Copy: Original?
Date: ca. 325 BC - ca. 275 BC
Dimensions: H 0.886 m; H (with plinth) 0.98 m; W (max.) 0.625 m; D 0.48 m. Plinth: W. 0.43 m; D 0.63 m
Scale: Life-size
Period: Early Hellenistic
In Group: Niobid Group?

Subject Description: A nude youth kneels in a tense position, with both feet splayed out. He bends his torso forward, and pushes both arms up--with the right shoulder above the left--probably also craning his neck to look up. Perhaps the youth is an athlete, such as an wrestler, in a contest.

Condition: Fragmentary

Condition Description: Missing head including neck, both arms below shoulder, genitals, and ends of toes. Restored, with several breaks (now repaired) across the legs. Somewhat scratched and pitted on the surface.

Material Description:

Medium-large grained marble, with dark flecks, perhaps Parian (Vierneisel-Schlörb).

Collection History: According o A. Grünwald, the statue was in the collection of Lorenzo Ghiberti, probably acquired in Rome; passed on to Monsigneur Gaddi in 1530. After the death of Gaddi, the statue was sent to Rome, to the collection of Cardinal R.P. da Carpi. Acquired by Duke Alfonse II d'Este, in Ferrara, in 1571. 1598 sent to Modena, and to the Habsburg King Rudolph II, in Prague (by 1604), where it remained until 1782/84, when it was sold to the sculptor, Malinisky. It was discovered in a corner of his garden in 1791, by Dr. Barth, who acquired it for a ducat, and took it to Vienna (in 1799?). After a restoration by J.M. Fischer, the statue was hed by Joseph Drdra, in Prague, in 1807. Finally acquired for Munich in 1814

Other Notes: This statue was previously taken to be one of the Niobids, and named for Niobe's youngest son, Ilioneus. Vierneisel-Schlörb argues against this identification on the basis of a) the active pose that suggests a single combat group; and b) the complete nudity of this figure

Sources Used: Vierneisel-Schlörb 1979, 431-37 no. 39, figs. 210-15 (with previous bibliography

Other Bibliography: Fuchs 1969, 299 ff., figs. 332-33; Picard/Manuel, 4.2.1088 f.; Bieber 1961b, 76; Neutsch 1952, 25; Lippold 1950, 221, 18; Schuchhardt 1940, 252, fig. 319; G. Lippold, Gnomon 15 (1939) 409; L. Curtius, RM 54 (1939) 225; Süsserott 1938, 186, n. 212; BrBr, 432, 758.9; Blümel 1927, 40; Lawrence 1927, 97