|Summary:||Peripteral temple; toward the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Zeus (Altis), north of the Temple of Zeus and east of Philippeion.|
|Date:||ca. 600 BC|
Stylobate: 18.75 m x 50.01 m; axial spacing external columns: 3.56 m (3.33 m at corners); front column lower diameter: 1.20-1.28 m; side column lower diameter: 1-1.24 m.
Doric peripteral temple on a two-stepped platform, 6 x 16 columns, with an east opening cella, a pronaos and a deeper opisthodomos, both distyle in antis. Cella wall had buttresses, 4 to a side with a later Doric colonnade, a total of 14 columns, in front of the north and south walls, creating 2 narrow side aisles.
Also referred to as the Heraion, it is the earliest monumental temple in Greece. The original columns were wood, gradually replaced by stone as the timbers rotted. The profiles of the Doric column capitals varied according to the date of replacement.