Interior of cella, Olympia, Temple of Hera

Front of temple from E, Olympia, Temple of Hera

Terracotta acroterion, Olympia, Temple of Hera

Isometric drawing of Laconian type roof tiles from Temple of Hera, Olympia

Remains from SW, Olympia, Temple of Hera

Detail of colonnade from SW, Olympia, Temple of Hera

Context: Olympia
Type: Temple
Summary: Peripteral temple; toward the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Zeus (Altis), north of the Temple of Zeus and east of Philippeion.
Date: ca. 600 BC
Dimensions:

Stylobate: 18.75 m x 50.01 m; axial spacing external columns: 3.56 m (3.33 m at corners); front column lower diameter: 1.20-1.28 m; side column lower diameter: 1-1.24 m.

Region: Elis
Period: Archaic


Plan:

Doric peripteral temple on a two-stepped platform, 6 x 16 columns, with an east opening cella, a pronaos and a deeper opisthodomos, both distyle in antis. Cella wall had buttresses, 4 to a side with a later Doric colonnade, a total of 14 columns, in front of the north and south walls, creating 2 narrow side aisles.

History:

Also referred to as the Heraion, it is the earliest monumental temple in Greece. The original columns were wood, gradually replaced by stone as the timbers rotted. The profiles of the Doric column capitals varied according to the date of replacement.

Other Bibliography:

Mallwitz 1972, 137-149; Rossiter 1981, 342-343; PECS, 647; Dinsmoor 1975, 53-58