Aerial view of sanctuary, close, from SE, Olympia, Gymnasium, Leonidaion, ...

East colonnade from NW, Olympia, Gymnasium

Plan, Olympia Gymnasium

Inside two-aisled stoa on E side from N, Olympia, Gymnasium

Eastern interior, from SE corner looking N, Olympia, Gymnasium

Context: Olympia
Type: Gymnasium
Summary: Quadrangular arrangement of stoas; northwest of the Sanctuary of Zeus (Altis),directly north of the Palaestra.
Date: ca. 250 BC

East Stoa: 212.05 m x 11.5 m; Doric outer colonnade intercolumniation: 3.14 m; Doric inner colonnade intercolumniation: 3.14 m. South Stoa: originally ca. 51 m long, later over 72 m long and 5.23 m deep; Doric column diameter: 0.4-0.5 m; intercolumniation: 2.24 m.

Region: Elis
Period: Hellenistic


Quadrangular court formed by 4 stoas opening onto the court. South stoa, one-aisled Ionic, communicated with the Palaestra through a door on its southern side. The East stoa, two-aisled Doric.


The Kladeos River has washed away the north and western sides of the Gymnasium complex. Mallwitz states that the South Stoa was one-aisled, but Coulton believes it was two-aisled (although his illustration shows it one-aisled and Doric). Mallwitz shows an Ionic capital belonging to the South Stoa. The East Stoa is dated to the 2nd century B.C., the South Stoa to the early 2nd century B.C. On the southeast corner was built an elaborate gate of Hellenistic date, not shown here.

Other Bibliography:

Rossiter 1981, 333; Coulton 1976, 268; Mallwitz 1972, 284-287