Side A: trainer

Interior overview

Side A: trainer, upper half

Side B: three athletes

Tondo: standing athlete with staff and basket

Side B: seated athlete, upper torso and head

Collection: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania
Summary: Side A: two athletes wrestling while a trainer watches. Side B: three athletes. Interior: nude athlete.
Ware: Attic Red Figure
Painter: In the manner of the Antiphon Painter
Potter: Attributed to Euphronios
Context: From Tarquinia
Date: ca. 480 BC
Dimensions:

H. 0.089 m., D. rim 0.236 m., D. foot 0.097 m.

Primary Citation: ARV2, 344, 64
Shape: Kylix
Region: Etruria
Period: Late Archaic


Condition:

The surface is pocked and deeply eroded on the interior. The exterior is worn, but is much better preserved.

Decoration Description:

Side A: wrestlers and their trainer. Two nude athletes wrestle on the ground, two crossed javelins leaning behind them and a diskos bag and a pair of halteres hanging above them. The athlete on the left has the upper hand, and has grabbed the right elbow of the wrestler on the ground with one hand, while reaching with his other hand for his opponent's leg. The losing wrestler is on his hands and knees, his left knee still off the ground and his left foot pushing to keep him up. A low, fluted column without a capital occupies the far left of the scene, locating the wrestlers in the palaestra. Next to it stands a bearded man, the trainer, facing the wrestlers. He is wearing a long, heavy cloak and a red wreath, and is leaning on a staff while holding a long, forked stick over the wrestlers to his right.

Side B: Three nude athletes. The boxer on the left moves to the right, his head turned back to the left. He holds himantes in his extended left hand, and holds his right hand to his chest. More himantes hang on the wall immediately above and to his right. The central athlete is seated on the ground facing right with his right leg extended and his left knee up. He extends his hands straight-armed toward the ground to his left. On the wall above hangs a looped boxing cord. The acontist on the right is preparing for a throw. He stands facing right but turns his head to the left, holding a javelin behind him in this direction in his extended right hand. The thong wrapped around the shaft of the javelin has been looped around his extended fore and middle fingers. His left arm is bent, with his hand on his shoulder.

Interior: standing athlete. A nude athlete balances on his left foot, his right foot flexed and crossed behind, its toe brushing the ground. His right hand rests on his waist and his head is tipped down to his left. He wears a fillet around his short curly hair and holds a 'T'-handled staff in his left hand. A diskos in its bag hangs at the left; on the ground lie two jumping weights.

Shape Description:

Type B kylix. Ashmead and Phillips believe the potter to be Euphronios and the painter, Onesimos.

Inscriptions:

Written on the interior is the following: *K*A[*L*O*S] retrograde, and *L*U*K*O*S, "Lykos is beautiful." On sides A and B is written: *K*A*L*O*S, "beautiful."

Collection History:

The kylix was originally part of the Coleman Collection. It was purchased by Davis and Harvey, and was given to the University Museum by Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst.

Sources Used:

Ashmead & Phillips 1976; CVA, U.S.A., University Museum, Philadelphia (forthcoming)

Other Bibliography:

Bates 1907, 140, pl. 35; Beazley 1918, 111; Luce 1921, 90-91 no. 103b; Beazley 1925, 232, no. 33; ARV2, 235, 36; Hyde 1921, 231, fig. 50; Gardiner 1910, 392; J├╝thner 1968, 250, fig. 62; Beazley Addenda 2, 220