|Collection:||University Museum, University of Pennsylvania|
|Summary:||Side A: Herakles and the Nemean lion. Side B: Theseus and the bull.|
|Ware:||Attic Red Figure|
|Painter:||Attributed to the Kleophrades Painter|
|Context:||Possibly from Vulci|
|Date:||ca. 490 BC|
H. 0.344 m., D. 0.312 m.
The vase is in excellent condition.
Side A: Herakles and the Nemean Lion. Herakles, on the left, faces the lion, his left arm around the lion's neck and grasping the lion's upper jaw with his right hand, forcing his head and chest to the ground. The exhausted lion's tongue hangs out; his haunches are raised as he struggles to stand. His left paw is stretched forward against Herakles' head as he tries to push him away. Herakles is naked and wears a headband. His club leans behind him on the left. A quiver hangs by a leather thong above him. A tree is placed centrally behind the struggling figures. Side B: Theseus and the Marathon Bull. Theseus and the bull face each other, Theseus on the left and the bull on the right. Theseus, standing over the bull, pushes him down with his left arm, forcing the bull's chest to the ground while he holds him down with his left foot on the bull's head. Theseus is prepared to strike the bull, his club raised behind him in his extended right arm. The bull's front left leg is curled beneath him, and his hindquarters are raised as he struggles to stay up. Theseus is naked but wears his quiver. A short cloak hangs behind him on the left. There is a tree behind the bull.
Above Herakles on Side A, in reverse:
The vase was once in the possession of Joseph Buonaparte I, acquired when he was king of Naples. Buonaparte gave the vase to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman no later then 1835. After Dr. Chapman's death, it was bought by Mr. Edward S. Clarke and afterwards sold by him to Dr. F.W. Lewis. It was subsequently given to the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and is now on extended loan to the University Museum, Philadelphia.