West end of the temple, from W, Temple of Apollo, Syracuse

Columns and architrave of S peristyle near SE corner of the temple, from S...

Overall view of the temple, from NW, Temple of Apollo, Syracuse

Cella wall and S peristyle of the temple, from SW, Temple of Apollo, Syrac...

East peristyle, inner portico, and pronaos of the temple, from SE, Temple ...

Overall view of the temple, from N-NW, Temple of Apollo, Syracuse

Context: Syracuse
Type: Temple
Summary: Temple; in the northern portion of the island of Ortygia.
Date: ca. 565 BC

ca. 21.57 x 55.33 m.

Region: Sicily
Period: Archaic
Architect: Epikles

Architectural Order:


Architect Evidence:

attributed to, by Guido 1967 on the basis of inscription


6 x 17; double row of columns in front of cella; pronaos-distyle in antis; no interior columns(?); adyton; four stepped crepidoma; small staircase on the east end.

Date Description:

Assumption of direct influence from Rhoikos Temple at Samos, dated ten years earlier.


The Temple of Apollo is the earliest example of monumental stone architecture in Sicily. As identified by inscription, the temple was dedicated by Cleo[sthen]es, presumably a tyrant of Syracuse. The temple's early date is attested to by its massive proportions, narrowly spaced columns, and spreading column capitals. Possible influence from eastern Ionic temples may be seen in the wider central intercolumniation and the lack of anta projections, typical to the Doric style. Other variations from the mainland Doric style include the lack of entasis, a reduced number of flutes on the columns (16), and a lack of correlation in the spacing of the triglyphs with the columns below. On the northeast angle column, the fluting was not carried down to the stylobate, perhaps a sign of incompletion.

Sources Used:

Guido 1967; Dinsmoor 1975; PECS