|Collection:||Museum of Fine Arts, Boston|
|Title:||Funerary Urn of Cassius|
|Summary:||Scenes of satyr and maenad and the death of Pentheus.|
|Sculpture Type:||Relief-decorated vessel|
|Date:||ca. 200 AD|
|Dimensions:||H (with lid) 0.372 m; W 0.325 m; D 0.25 m|
Subject Description: This cinerary urn takes the form of a miniature sarcophagus. The inscribed lid has a relief scene on the front of a reclining satyr at the left and a reclining maenad with a thyrsos at the right. An Eros presents a wreath to the satyr, and another presents a wine cup to the maenad. On each side of the lid is a flaming torch. On the front of the urn is a scene of the death of Pentheus, the king of Thebes who opposed the worship of Dionysos. The scene is crowded with nine human figures. At the left a nude Dionysos (Bacchus) is supported by a smaller satyr, Ampelos. Pentheus falls on one knee to the ground as he is attacked by two women, probably his own mother, Agave, and a follower. Two satyrs, an old Silenos, and a maenad fill the background, which also has a gnarled tree. There is a panther in the lower left. The lid was secured to the urn with three metal clamps that are no longer preserved.
Condition: Nearly complete
Condition Description: Head of panther missing and minor damage.
Material Description: Thasian marble
Inscription: D. M. L. CASSI. COLONI. COLONIANI. EQ. R./ VIXIT. ANN. XXXV. This translates as follows: "To the gods and shades, Lucius Cassius Colonus, (the son of) Coloniania, a Roman knight. He lived 35 years."