Installation and Disk Swapping
Navigating the Perseus Environment
Gateway & Navigator
Search Tools
Primary Texts
Philological Tools
Art & Archaeology
Historical Overview
Essays & Catalogs
Tools & References
The Perseus Project: Goals & Expectations
Contents of Platform Independent Perseus
Platform Independent Perseus Help Pages

Perseus Gateway, Navigator & Menus Help Topics

Gateway, Navigator & Menus Overview

The Perseus Gateway and Navigator are the two windows appearing on the screen after you have started up Perseus on your computer; the standard menu bar appears at the top of the screen for Mac users, or at the top of the Gateway window (and most other windows) for Windows users. The Gateway provides entry via buttons to the various parts of the database. The Navigator has control buttons for moving through Perseus. The Menu bar items are used to make links to and from any location in Perseus.

Gateway Menus

File Menu


Choose Close from the File menu to close the currently active window.


Choose Exit (Windows) or Quit (Macintosh) from the file menu to quit from the Perseus application.

Edit Menu

Cut, Copy, Paste

Most text in Perseus can be cut and pasted. Use the Cut, Copy and Paste functions as you would in any other word processing application. Because Perseus text is read-only, text will be restored when you reopen the window. Under Windows, the Delete function is inoperable.

Fair Use And Copyright Information

The materials in Platform Independent Perseus (including all texts, translations, images, descriptions, drawings etc.) are provided for the personal use of students, scholars, and the public. Any commercial use or publication of them without authorization is strictly prohibited. All materials are copyrighted and are not in the public domain. Copying of materials on the Perseus Web pages is not permitted.

"Fair Use" is permitted under section 107 of the copyright law. The following guidelines to Fair Use are provided by the Library of Congress (

Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered "fair," such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:

  1. the purpose and character of the use, including whethersuch use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

The distinction between "fair use" and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.

Perseus Preferences

Use Preference settings to customize the Perseus environment.

Configure Pop-up Menu


Choose Paths from the Configure Pop-up menu to change Path files. The name of the current Path file is displayed with its location on your computer at the bottom of the window. The Path file shipped with your CD set and containing the Guided Tours is C:/Perseus/paths/perspath.txt. To change Path files, click Browse. Click the Path you want from the list in the Choose Path File window. (If you haven't added any new Paths to your Paths folder since installing Perseus, only "perspath" will appear.") Click Open. Now click Commit changes on the Perseus Configuration window, and you're done.


Choose Fonts from the Configure Pop-up menu to change Greek and English fonts. The default fonts are Athenian (Greek) and Times (Roman) both at 10 point size. Choose another font from the Greek Font and Roman Font pop-up menus; type new font sizes into the box. Then click Commit Changes.

N. B. Not all the fonts installed in your system will be compatible with Perseus.


Choose Network from the Configure Pop-up menu to change between accessing data from a server or from the CDs. Click the box "On" for Network, "Off" for CDs.

N. B. For network administrators. If you are running behind a proxy server, enter the names of your proxy server and port.


Local allows you to specify which folder the data is in if you've downloaded Perseus to your hard drive. Type in the name of the directory corresponding to each disk. For more, see the section on Custom Installation. There is also an option for the disk swapping dialog box. For more on this option, see the section on Disk Swapping for CD-ROM Users.

Perseus Menu


To bring up the Navigator and make it the active window, choose Navigator. To read more about the Navigator click here.

Perseus Gateway

To bring up the Perseus Gateway and make it the active window, choose Perseus Gateway.

Search Saver

To bring up the Search Saver and make it the active window, choose Search Saver. To read more about the Search Saver click here.


To bring up the current Path Index and make it the active window, choose Paths. To read more about Paths click here.

Current Open Windows

All windows open under Perseus are listed below the bottom line by title and in the order they were opened. Choose a window's title to make that window active.

Help Menu

Help Topics

Choose Help Topics for an outline with links of topics covered in Perseus Help.

Author Information

Choose Author Information to bring up bibliographical information for Primary Texts, editions and translators, and for authors of specialized secondary articles. Author information may only be accessed from within a particular database. If there is no author information for a particular resource, a message window will tell you so.

Gateway Buttons

With three exceptions, the Gateway Buttons have the same function as their counterparts under the Links menu (see above). The Tools & References Button gives access to the Search and Philological Tools, the Encyclopedia, and Sources Used in the compilation of object descriptions; the selection Further Sources is inoperable. The Art & Archaeology Button brings up an Index in which you may choose objects organized by classifications such as region, period, artist, etc. The About Perseus Button gives access to information about the publisher, copyright, funding and staff of the Perseus Project; it has no corresponding item under the Links menu.


Seven icons live on the Navigator that are used to operate Perseus. They are, from left to right:

  • Search Saver
  • Question Mark
  • Author Information
  • Paths Controller
  • Gateway
  • Go Backward Arrow
  • Go Forward Arrow
N. B. If you lose the the Navigator, you can always bring it up again by choosing Navigator from the Perseus window.

Search Saver

Click here for Search Saver help.

Question Mark

Question Mark is inoperable.

Author Information

Click here for Author Information help.

Paths Controller

The Paths Controller consists of a left arrow, a maze-like square and a right arrow. Click the right arrow of the Paths controller to go forward within a Path. Click the left arrow of the Paths controller to go backward. Click the maze of the Paths controller to add your location to the current Path. Click here for more information on Paths.

Go Backward Arrow

The Go Backward Arrow points left. To page backward in a Primary Text, the Historical Overview or a Catalog, click the Go Backward Arrow.

Go Forward Arrow

The Go Forward Arrow points right. To page forward in a Primary Text, the Historical Overview or a Catalog, click the Go forward Arrow.

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