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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
by railroad, whence the machinery was transported over the turnpike to Strasburg, on the Manassas Gap Railroad, and the bridges over the Potomac were destroyed from the Point of Rocks to Shepardstown. The troops followed on the morning of the 15th, by the Berryville road, and bivouacked for the night three or four miles beyond Charlestown. Before the time for resuming the march next morning, intelligence was received from the cavalry outposts that General Patterson's army had crossed tho prepare half the amount required. The very small supply brought from Harper's Ferry was increased, however, by applications to the chief of the department at Richmond, and by sending officers elsewhere for caps as well as cartridges. On the 15th, Colonel Stuart reported that the Federal army had advanced from Martinsburg to Bunker's Hill. It remained there on the 16th, and on the 17th moved by its left flank a few miles to Smithfield. This gave the impression that General Patterson's de
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
that its gallant commander, Commodore Tatnall, would never permit the vessel to fall into the hands of the enemy. The possession of James River by the naval forces of the United States, consequent upon this event, and their attack upon the Confederate battery at Drury's Bluff, suggested the necessity of being ready to meet an advance upon Richmond up the river, as well as from the direction of West Point. The Confederate forces were, in consequence, ordered to cross the Chickahominy on the 15th. And Colonel Goode Bryan, with his regiment of Georgia riflemen, was sent to aid in the defense of Drury's Bluff; by occupying the wooded bluff on the north side of the river, and immediately below the battery. On this height his rifles could easily have commanded the decks of vessels in the river below. On the l7th, the army encamped about three miles from Richmond, in front of the line of redoubts constructed in 1861. Hill's division in the centre, formed across the Williamsburg road; L
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 6 (search)
t of death, I postponed the communication of the order of the Secretary of War to him, and reported the postponement, and the cause, to the Secretary. The day after my arrival, dispatches from Lieutenant-General Pemberton informed me that the United States naval officers on the Lower Mississippi had ascertained the practicability of passing the Confederate batteries at Port Hudson with their iron-clad gunboats; two of them, the Hartford and Albatross, having )passed those batteries on the 15th, while they were engaged with the other vessels of Admiral Farragut's squadron. The success of this attempt greatly reduced the value of the two posts, Vicksburg and Port Hudson, by which we had been hoping to retain the command of the part of the river between them. I soon found myself too feeble to command an army, and in a few days became seriously sick; so that, when the state of General Bragg's domestic affairs permitted him to return to military duty, I was unfit for it. He, there
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
battle of Baker's Creek-too late to influence his action. On the 15th the march of Gregg's and Walker's troops was continued ten miles, toemberton announced that he would move as early as practicable on the 15th, with a column of seventeen thousand men, to Dillon's, on the main re at Clinton, and Blair with one at New Auburn, were ordered, on the 15th, to march to Bolton's Depot, eight miles from Edwards's. After hours after the adoption of this resolution, in the afternoon of the 15th, the army commenced its march, and, after crossing Baker's Creek, en. Very heavy firing yesterday, from mortars and on lines, and on the 15th: The enemy has placed several very heavy guns in position against ou should be speedily reenforced. This was received in Jackson on the 15th. In my reply, he was informed that we had not the means of relievinicate of this dispatch of the 8th was deciphered and answered on the 15th: I cannot advise as to the points from which troops can best be tak
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
. In reporting these things to the President by telegraph on the 15th, I said that the enemy would make no assault, but had begun a siege ther commander in a battle. He moved but three or four miles on the 15th. The presence of the enemy was reported to him that night. See hisEven if he had a right to think himself acting under my order on the 15th, he could not have thought so on the 16th; for at 6.30 A. M. See Gebetween this State and Tennessee. The idea was thus repeated on the 15th: Nor is it for me to judge which it is best to hold, Mississippi orhe spare engines and cars of the department at one point. On the 15th it was ascertained that a body of eight or nine hundred Federal cavareceived instituting a court of inquiry to meet in Montgomery on the 15th, to investigate the management of recent affairs in Mississippi, andederate baggage and the captured property were preserved. On the 15th, being still at Oxford, he sent me intelligence (on the authority of
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 9 (search)
rd service and scarcity of forage, that it would have been impossible to manoeuvre our batteries in action, or to march with them at any ordinary rate on ordinary roads. It was long before they could draw the guns through fields. Early in February, when the supply of forage had become regular, and the face of the country almost dry, after the review of a corps, the teams of the Napoleon guns were unable to draw them up a trifling hill, over which the road to their stables passed. On the 15th and 16th, Quarles's and Baldwin's brigades, the last two sent from Mississippi, returned to that department in obedience to orders from the Secretary of War. At the same time Governor Brown transferred two regiments of State troops to the army. They were placed as guards for the protection of the railroad-bridges between Dalton and Atlanta. Intrenchments for this object were then in course of construction, under the direction of the chief-engineer of the army, Brigadier-General Leadbetter
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 11 (search)
d to march immediately to the point named by Major-General Martin. Lieutenant-General Hood was also informed of the change of plan, and desired to bring back the two divisions that had been engaged, to the position from which they had been advanced; and, to secure an unobstructed passage of the Oostenaula, Lieutenant-Colonel Prestman, the chief-engineer, was directed to make a road during the night, and lay a pontoon-bridge a mile above those now commanded by the enemy's artillery. On the 15th sharp skirmishing on our whole front commenced early, and continued throughout the day. Several vigorous assaults were made upon Hindman's division; in the last especially the assailants exhibited great resolution, many of them pressing forward to the Confederate intrenchments. All were repelled, however, by the first line alone. About noon a large body of Federal cavalry captured the hospitals of Hood's corps, which were in an exposed situation east of the Connesauga. Major-General Whe
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 12 (search)
ched under General Hampton's direction, it easily drove off the Federal cavalry that felt its position. During this time, the Fayetteville Arsenal, which had been constructed by the Government of the United States, was destroyed by the Federal army. A quantity of valuable machinery, that had been brought to it from Harper's Ferry, was destroyed with the buildings. As it was impossible that the Confederacy could ever recover it, its destruction was, at the least, injudicious. On the 15th the Confederate cavalry, on the Raleigh road, was pressed back by the Fourteenth and Twentieth Corps, and at seven o'clock next morning Lieutenant-General Hardee was attacked by those corps in a position four miles south of Averysboroa, that he had intrenched. The enemy compelled him to abandon it, however, by turning his left; but he fell back only four hundred yards, to a better position than that just abandoned. There he was repeatedly attacked during the day, but repelled the assailant
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
he second department of the Confederacy in importance. In war, the testimony of an enemy in one's favor is certainly worth more than that of a friend, as he who receives a blow can better estimate the dexterity of the striker than any spectator. I therefore offer that of one of the most prominent officers of the United States Army, who was conspicuous in this campaign, in the following letter: New York City, October 21, 1873. General M. Lovell: My Dear General: Your letter of the 15th inst., requesting my professional opinion concerning the conduct of the retreat of the Confederate army in 1864, while commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, and also of the impression produced in the Union army on being informed of the removal of that officer from his position, was received. I have no possible objection to communicating to you my views on this subject, briefly, of course (as I have not my notes and maps of the campaign near me to refer to), and, besides, I wish it to be unde
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
e York River Railroad supplied us from Richmond. On the 15th the attack upon the battery at Drury's Bluff by the enemy'sid down in this dispatch, the army was put in motion on the 15th, about 1 P. M., in accordance with the following order, vizOrder, No. —. This army will move to-morrow morning, 15th instant, in the direction of Raymond, on the military road, in ately on my arrival at Mrs. Elliston's, on the night of the 15th, I sent for Colonel Wirt Adams, commanding the cavalry, and been in line of battle from the 13th to the morning of the 15th, and to advance upon the enemy; and they know, further, there, neither surprised nor alarmed when, on the night of the 15th, I learned his close proximity. Nor should I have then desy to comply with General Johnston's instructions of the 15th instant, in which he says: The only mode by which we can unite osed the enemy to be still at Jackson, when he wrote on the 15th; while in his note of the 14th (received subsequently), the
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