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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
on: no large quantity had been imported; and the Ordnance Department, then not fully organized, had neither time nor means to prepare half the amount required. The very small supply brought from Harper's Ferry was increased, however, by applications to the chief of the department at Richmond, and by sending officers elsewhere for caps as well as cartridges. On the 15th, Colonel Stuart reported that the Federal army had advanced from Martinsburg to Bunker's Hill. It remained there on the 16th, and on the 17th moved by its left flank a few miles to Smithfield. This gave the impression that General Patterson's design was to continue this movement through Berryville, to interpose his army between the Confederate forces at Winchester and those at Manassas Junction, while the latter should be assailed by McDowell, or perhaps to attack Winchester from the south, thus avoiding the slight intrenchments. Since the return of the army from Parksville, the Thirty-third Virginia regiment
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 6 (search)
enemy to the construction of a battery on land, and on the 13th a spirited cannonade was maintained against Fort Pemberton by this battery and the gunboats. It was resumed next morning, but ceased in half an hour. The contest was renewed on the 16th, and continued until night, when it ceased finally. The enemy was inactive until the 20th, probably repairing the damages their vessels had suffered. The flotilla then withdrew and returned to the Mississippi. Until the end of the month Lieuday he was desired to send forward the troops. In another telegram of that date, after announcing that he would send General Bragg eight thousand men, he added, I am satisfied that Rosecrans will be reinforced from General Grant's army. On the 16th, however, General Pemberton expressed the belief that no large part of Grant's army would be sent away. For that reason he thought it proper to transfer then but two brigades from his army to that of Tennessee. His dispatches, of the 17th, gave
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
six days, and we wanted such intelligence from General Pemberton as would enable us to meet him, we were stationary on the 16th. In the afternoon of that day, a reply to my first dispatch to General Pemberton was received, dated Bovina, 9.10 o'c fires were distinctly visible. It was that of Hovey's division, of the Thirteenth Corps. Early in the morning of the 16th, Lieutenant. General Pemberton received my order of the day before, and prepared to obey it At sunrise. (See General Stnd McClernand's corps on floating-bridges, constructed by them near the railroad, and Sherman's, which left Jackson on the 16th, on a pontoon-bridge laid at Bridgeport. Its advanced troops skirmished in the afternoon with those in the fieldworks of e are much greater than those you express (two to one). I consider saving Vicksburg hopeless. Mr. Seddon replied on the 16th: Your telegram grieves and alarms me. Vicksburg must not be lost without a desperate struggle. The interest and honor of
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
k the Federal army with all his forces united for the purpose. The second, See page 176. dated May 13th, is that by which he professes to have been instigated to the movement which entangled him with Federal skirmishers in the morning of the 16th, and involved him in the battle which he lost. He was ordered to march seventeen miles to the east, for the expressed object of attacking a large detachment, in conjunction with the troops in Jackson, to reopen his communications and enable comint. near Edwards's Depot, on which his matured plans were to have been executed. His army could have marched to it in about an hour. Even if he had a right to think himself acting under my order on the 15th, he could not have thought so on the 16th; for at 6.30 A. M. See General Pemberton's report, p. 37. he received my third order, again directing him to march to the east to meet me, that our troops might be united. Obedience was easy, for the engagement did not begin until near mid-day;
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 9 (search)
t would be impossible for troops from Dalton to meet this Federal army before it reached the Gulf, and therefore asked instructions in that view of the case. This dispatch did not reach the.President's hands, and on the 13th he asked me by telegraph what I could do toward striking at the enemy while in motion, and before he had established a new base. I replied that such an expedition would require two-thirds of the Army of Tennessee and would involve the abandonment of that line. On the 16th I was instructed to detach for temporary service, unless immediately threatened, enough infantry to enable Lieutenant-General Polk to beat the detachment which the enemy had thrown so far into the interior of our country. My reply, on the same day, was to the effect that such a detachment, either marching or transported by railroad, would be too late for the object. On the 17th the President directed me, by telegraph, to dispatch Lieutenant-General Hardee to Mississippi with Cheatham's,
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 11 (search)
Confederate skirmishers were vigorously pressed from right to left. Loring's, attacked in open ground and far in front by a full line, were driven in, and their ground held by the enemy. A division of State militia organized by Governor Brown, under Major-General G. W. Smith, and transferred to the army, was charged about this time with the defense of the bridges and ferries of the Chattahoochee, near Atlanta, to guard against the surprise of the town by the Federal cavalry. On the 16th a new disposition was made on the left. Hardee's corps changed front to the rear on its right, by which it was placed on the high ground east of Mud Creek, facing to the west. The right of the Federal army made a corresponding movement, and approached Hardee's line, opposed in advancing by Jackson's division, as well as twenty-five hundred men can contend with twenty-five thousand. This disposition made an angle where Hardee's right joined Loring's left, which was soon found to be a gre
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 12 (search)
there given me from Lieutenant-General Hampton to the effect that the instructions to observe all roads by which the enemy could turn to the left, directly toward Charlotte or Salisbury, had been executed, and that no such movement had been discovered. The right column reached the Haw River Bridge that afternoon, and encamped there. The left crossed the stream at a ford near Ruffin's Mill. The Federal cavalry did not advance beyond Morrisville or its vicinity. In the morning of the 16th, when the army was within a few miles of Greensboroa, a reply It was dated the 14th, and should have been received twenty-four hours sooner. The delay was by Federal officers. not ours. to the letter of the 13th was received from General Sherman, signifying his assent to the proposal that we should meet for conference in relation to an armistice. Supposing that the President was waiting in Greensboroa to open negotiations should the armistice be agreed upon, I hastened there to show Gene
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
izens, but without success. Nothing unusual occurred during the night. On the morning of the 16th, at about six and a half o'clock, Colonel Wirt Adams reported to me that his pickets were skirmisot by mine. General Bowen, with whom I had a personal interview in his tent on the night of the 16th, and who received his instructions from my own lips (Lieutenant-Colonel Montgomery, of Lieutenant motion in the direction already stated, and for the reasons given. About seven A. M., on the 16th, I received the letter which reiterated the previous instructions. I had, in no measure, changed form line of battle to meet the greatly superior forces of the enemy. About six P. m., on the 16th, while on the retreat, the following communication was handed to me: Camp Seven Miles from Jacksommunication of the 14th, given in my report, unfortunately not received until the evening of the 16th, that he informs me he was compelled to evacuate Jackson about noon on that day; thus showing tha