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of them any supplies that might be forwarded from the enemy's lines. Admiral Dahlgren took advantage at once of the privilege thus afforded him to help his men; but not so with General Gillmore, who abstained from even acknowledging the courtesy extended to him. 2. The other incident referred to is explained by the following letter of General Beauregard to Colonel Branch, dated Charleston, July 18th, 1863: Colonel,—I have to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 16th inst., proposing that the portion of Morris Island now occupied by the enemy, after it shall have been retaken, might be held and fortified by exposing our prisoners to the enemy's fire. In reply the Commanding General directs me to say, that it is not considered in accordance with the usages of war to use prisoners as a means of defence or protection. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff. We now submit a letter to the Hon. Charles Macbeth, the Mayor of C
ed with some vigor on Battery Gregg. The enemy's fleet consisted this morning of the Ironsides, six monitors, eight gunboats, three mortar-hulks, and thirteen vessels inside the bar—outside, seven; at Hilton Head, fifty-two vessels, including gunboats and ironclads. My telegram of this date was: No change worth recording since yesterday. Sand-bag revetement of gorge-wall of Sumter and traverses inside of fort progressing as rapidly as means of transportation will permit. On the 16th the enemy's batteries fired but little on Batteries Wagner and Gregg, but during the afternoon the two 8-inch Parrotts opened on Fort Sumter, throwing forty-eight shells. Four passed over, four fell short, ten struck inside the parade, and thirty hit in various places, exterior and interior. At this date the armament of the fort consisted of thirty-eight guns and two mortars, at least twenty guns having been withdrawn since the landing of the enemy on Morris Island. Orders were given t
t General Lee in the defence of Richmond. His answer was: Charleston, S. C., April 14th, 1864. Genl. Braxton Bragg, Commander-in-Chief, Richmond, Va.: Am ready to obey any order for the good of the service. * * * G. T. Beauregard. The order was therefore issued. It was as follows: Richmond, April 15th, 1864. General G. T. Beauregard: Repair with least delay practicable to Weldon, N. C., where instructions will be sent to you. S. Cooper, Adjt. and Insp.-Genl. On the 16th no general officer had yet been sent to relieve him. This made him uneasy, and all the more so that troops were again being withdrawn from his Department as rapidly as they could be forwarded. His telegram to General Cooper, of that date, read thus: Owing to reduction of forces, I shall leave this Department with great concern, which would be much diminished if General Hill were ordered to relieve me; for since his arrival here he has been making himself acquainted with the forces an
ame has been mentioned in connection with this incident, we quote a passage from a letter written by him to General Beauregard, dated Richmond, Va., January, 2d, 1882: The whole of General Logan's letter is given in the Appendix. During the day of May 15th Colonel Samuel Melton, acting A. A. G., notified me that you desired me to take your written and verbal instructions to General Whiting, at his headquarters, near Petersburg, as you intended attacking the enemy on the morning of the 16th, and felt anxious that there should, by no possibility, be any miscarriage of your instructions, or any misunderstanding as to their import.* * * Just before starting on my mission I was sent for by you, and in the presence of Colonel Melton the written despatches were given to me, and their contents carefully explained to me by you. The written despatches to General Whiting were intrusted to Colonel Logan, in the presence of Colonel Melton, and carefully explained by General Beauregard.
. Johnson's arrival. three Federal Corps assault Petersburg on the 16th. repulse of the enemy. how General Gracie arrived and saved the liion was accordingly transferred to Petersburg, moving at dawn on the 16th, and arriving at or about 10 o'clock A. M. on the same day. The thin,000 men. Burnside's corps (the 9th) came up at about noon on the 16th, Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 509. General Burnside, in his ached the position occupied by their troops at about 10 A. M. on the 16th. and General Hancock, who, by instructions of General Meade, had ref by order of General Beauregard—arriving a little before noon on the 16th; and Gracie's brigade, of Johnson's division, the opportune arrival not have waited longer. Mr. Cooke proceeds as follows: On the 16th he [General Lee] was in face of his adversary there [at Petersburg].s. General Lee had scarcely gotten his forces in position on the 16th, says Mr. Cooke, when he was furiously attacked; and such was the we
against General Hood's offensive advance. From Selma, on the 15th, General Taylor forwarded him the following telegram: Following just received, dated Jonesboroa, Ga., November 14th: Scouts and prisoners report enemy destroying railroad between Atlanta and Marietta. Prisoners report Sherman in Atlanta, and that camp rumor says he will move towards Mobile or Savannah. Prisoners also report 15th and 20th Corps at Atlanta. Large fires observed in Atlanta for last three days. On the 16th General Wheeler, through General Taylor, forwarded the following telegram: Selma, November 16th, via Meridian. To General Beauregard: Will send Major-General Gardner to Corinth soon as possible. Following just received, dated Jonesboroa, 15th: Enemy advanced early this morning, with infantry, cavalry, artillery, and wagon-train. Have driven our cavalry back upon this place. Strength not yet ascertained. Enemy have burned many houses in Rome, Marietta, and Atlanta; also burned ra
iews as to the best method of obstructing, by means of trees and torpedoes, the creeks east of Screven's Ferry; and recommended, at places which he designated, the construction of riflepits and batteries for field-pieces. He also made it clear that, in case it became necessary to abandon Savannah, the river should be obstructed as far down as possible, in order to protect the country and railroad from Charleston to Augusta, and place either or both beyond the reach of a flank attack. On the 16th, at 8 A. M., in answer to General Hardee's telegram of 3.30 P. M. of the previous day, he stated that he must be where most urgently called; that each officer should now bear his own responsibility and do for the best. He promised, however, to leave that day for General Jones's headquarters, and immediately afterwards for Savannah—which he did, reaching the latter place at eleven o'clock at night. The next day (the 17th) was an eventful day for Savannah. General Sherman, elated by the su
ks to be relieved of his command. Lieut.-General Taylor appointed in his Stead. General Hood's farewell circular to his troops. General Taylor assumes command. General Beauregard visits Mobile January 21st. he Inspects all the works. leaves for Augusta. the enemy believed to be advancing on that City. General Beauregard gives his attention to all the threatened points of his vast Department.> Just before the battle of Nashville, which began on the 15th of December, and ended on the 16th, General Hood expressed the wish that General Beauregard should visit the Army of Tennessee, if he could. See his telegram, in Appendix. This was proof sufficient that matters were not going on satisfactorily in that quarter, for at no previous time had General Hood evinced the least desire to have General Beauregard with him or his army. A few days before the following telegram, in cipher, had also been forwarded to General Beauregard, but it was not received until on or about the 15th
15th, 1865. General Hardee, Charleston, S. C.: Despatch of to-day received containing President's. I have far from sufficient force to hold the enemy in check in the field. He is, at this moment, investing Columbia with his four corps (as reported), on the south side of Congaree. Hence I see no good reason for deviating from the plan already decided upon; on the contrary, I urge its immediate execution. G. T. Beauregard, General. The movement was accordingly ordered to begin, on the 16th, without further delay. See General Hardee's telegram, in Appendix. Unfortunately, however, General Hardee, who had been unwell for several days, was obliged, at this critical hour, to leave his post; and the command of his forces devolved upon the officer ranking next under him, General L. McLaws. See Appendix for despatch of Major Roy, A. A. G. It is for this reason, no doubt, that the evacuation was not effected until the night of the 17th and the early morning of the 18th. The f
d in the following manner: the 17th on the right, the 15th next in order, the 14th and 20th on the left, with the cavalry in close supporting distance to that flank. General Johnston, believing that the enemy might be inclined to move on Raleigh as well as on Goldsboroa, had collected a portion of his forces at Smithfield, while General Hardee was on his way from Fayetteville to Raleigh, with part of his cavalry on the road leading to Raleigh, and part of it on the Goldsboroa road. On the 16th, at a point five miles south of Averysboroa, He was attacked by the two Federal corps under General Slocum and by Kilpatrick's cavalry. General Hardee had posted his force in two lines. On the first was formed Colonel Alfred Rhett's brigade of Regulars, from the defences of Charleston, supported by a battalion of light artillery and some of Hampton's cavalry. That line was attacked by Jackson's division, a part of Ward's, and by a portion of Kilpatrick's cavalry, in two successive assault
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