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egan. Sixty-five guns, seventeen thousand six hundred small-arms, and nearly fifteen thousand troops, fell into the hands of the victor. On the morning of the 16th, as Grant was writing his report, aboard one of the transports, Buckner entered his cabin, and the former inquired how many troops had been surrendered. Buckner de fight, Grant had twentyseven thousand men, whom he could have put into battle; some few regiments of these were not engaged. Other reenforcements arrived on the 16th, after the surrender, swelling his number still further. Of artillery, he had but the eight light batteries which started with him from Fort Henry, not near so mad with Floyd,3,000 Escaped with Forrest,1,000 (A low estimate) Killed and wounded,2,500 (At least) —— Total rebel force at beginning of siege,21,123 On the 16th, the day of the surrender, General Halleck's chief of staff cautioned Grant not to be too rash, and Halleck's first dispatch after the fall of Fort Donelson was in
uty. I hope you will feel no awkwardness about our new relations. Grant never had a more subordinate officer, nor one more gallant, despite his age. But Smith was sixty years old, and the exposure he underwent at Fort Donelson produced an illness, which proved fatal before the next summer. Halleck, meanwhile, continued his cautions to Grant. On the 13th, he telegraphed: Don't bring on any general engagement at Paris. If the enemy appear in force, our troops must fall back. And on the 16th: As the enemy is evidently in strong force, my instructions not to advance, so as to bring on a general engagement, must be strictly obeyed. General Smith must hold his position without exposing himself by detachments, till we can strongly reinforce him. The operations, however, were without result, and Smith returned to Pittsburg Landing, on the western bank of the Tennessee. It had been expected, that after cutting the railroad near Eastport or Corinth, he would establish himself at Sava
e, of McArthur's division in the Seventeenth corps, one brigade only had arrived, at the battle of Champion's Hill, on the 16th; another joined the command about the time of the battle at Black River bridge, on the 17th; and the third brigade did notin front, and his troops were in motion till midnight; he, therefore, did not issue orders to continue the movement on the 16th. The divisions of Generals Stevenson and Bowen having been on the march until past midnight, and the men considerably fatnext dispatch from Pemberton announced to his commander that he had been compelled to fall back with heavy loss. On the 16th, while this furious battle was being fought, Johnston, who had marched ten miles and a half the day before, rested his troult to arrange a meeting. Johnston to Pemberton, May 16th, from Calhoun. Sherman had evacuated Jackson by noon of the 16th, paroling his prisoners, and leaving his wounded on account of the haste of the movement. On the 17th, Grant sent back
onfident man in his army. On the 3d of June, he said: The approaches are gradually nearing the enemy's fortifications. Five days more should plant our batteries on their parapets. The best of health and spirits prevail among the troops. On the 16th: Every thing progresses well here. I am fortifying at Haine's bluff, to make my position certain, but I believe I could go out with force enough to drive the rebels from between the two rivers. On the 26th, he reported the explosion of the mine le route with devastation. The parapets and rifle-pits, in front of Jackson, were strengthened, to be ready for a general attack, as soon as the ammunition train should arrive front the rear. This did not reach camp till late in the night of the 16th, too late to distribute the ammunition. Information of its approach was obtained by Johnston during the 16th, and he at once determined to evacuate the place. All night, Sherman heard the sound of wagons, but nothing that indicated evacuation,
October, the following dispatch was received: Convey, as soon as possible, to General Grant the following: It is the wish of the Secretary of War that, as soon as General Grant is able to take the field, he will come to Cairo, and report by telegraph. Grant replied from Columbus, Kentucky: Your dispatch from Cairo of the 3d, directing me to report from Cairo, was received at eleven thirty, on the 10th. Left the same day with staff and headquarters, and am here, en route for Cairo. On the 16th, he telegraphed from Cairo: I have just arrived, and report in pursuance with your instructions of the 3d instant. My staff and headquarters are with me. Halleck answered: You will immediately proceed to the Galt House, Louisville, Kentucky, where you will meet an officer of the War Department with your orders and instructions. You will take with you your staff, etc., for immediate operations in the field. This was received on the 17th, and Grant started immediately for Louisville, by rai
possible. If Burnside can hold the line, etc. . . . . If Burnside can hold the line from Knoxville to Clinton, as I have asked him, for six days, I believe Bragg will be started back for south side of Oostanaula, and Longstreet cut off. On the 16th, Halleck telegraphed that Burnside was hesitating whether to fight or retreat. I fear he will not fight, although strongly urged to do so. Unless you can give him immediate assistance, he will surrender his position to the enemy. I have offered supplying the enemy. On the night of the 14th, Sherman took the first boat from Bridgeport for Kelly's ferry, and rode into Chattanooga on the 15th, reporting to Grant. He then learned the part assigned to him in the coming drama; and, on the 16th, he rode out in company with Grant, Thomas, and other officers, to the hills on the north bank of the Tennessee, from which could be seen the camps of the enemy compassing Chattanooga, and the line of Missionary ridge, with its eastern terminus on
nooga, than by checking him at Loudon. Early on the morning of the 15th, therefore, Burnside withdrew from Loudon, and fell back leisurely in the direction of Knoxville, the trains being sent in advance. That night, he encamped at Lenoir; on the 16th, he again started for Knoxville, by way of Campbell's station. But, by this time, Longstreet had crossed the Tennessee, on a pontoon bridge brought up to Loudon; and, taking a shorter road, which Burnside ought to have held, endeavored to reach C, and, in fact, was willing to gain his point without battle, at so great a distance from the Mississippi, where the care of the wounded would have so taxed his ability to provide for them. He, therefore, rested his army, on the 15th, and, on the 16th, began a systematic and thorough destruction of the railroads centering at Meridian. Axes, crowbars, sledges clawbars, were used, with fire; and the depots, storehouses, arsenals, hospitals, offices, hotels, and cantonments of Meridian were soon
ion against Texas to aid you, and create a diversion of the enemy's force. Major-General Banks is now organizing an expedition for that purpose, which will be in condition to cooperate with any movement that may be made, after you have succeeded in clearing the Mississippi river. General McClernand to General Grant. headquarters, army of the Tennessee, post Arkansas, January 16, 1863. Major-General U. S. Grant, commanding Department of the Tennessee: General,—Your dispatch of the 16th inst. came to hand at six o'clock p. M. this day, and I hasten, at the same moment, to answer it. I take the responsibility of the expedition against Post Arkansas, and had anticipated your approval of the complete and signal success which crowned it, rather than your condemnation. In saying that I could not have effected the reduction of Vicksburg with the limited force under my command, after its repulse near that place under General Sherman, I only repeat what was contained in a previou
. The number captured by us was seventy-four guns, besides what was found at Haine's bluff. From Jackson to this place I have had no opportunities of communicating with you. Since that, this army fought a heavy battle near Baker's creek on the 16th, beating the enemy badly, killing and capturing not less than four thousand of the enemy, besides capturing most of his artillery. Loring's division was cut off from retreat, and dispersed in every direction. On the 17th, the battle of Black rivhich I have sent. Shall I send the Ninth army corps back to Burnside as soon as Johnston is driven from Jackson? General Grant to General Halleck.—(Cipher telegram.) Vicksburg, July 18, 1863. Johnston evacuated Jackson the night of the 16th inst. He is now in full retreat east. Sherman says most of his army must perish from the heat, lack of water, and general discouragement. The army parolled here has to a great extent deserted, and are scattered over the country in every direction.
morning of the 14th, you entered that place—one division moving on to Mississippi springs, near Jackson, in support of General Sherman, another to Clinton, in support of General McPherson—a third remaining at Raymond, and a fourth at Old Auburn, to bring up the army-trains. On the 15th, you again led the advance towards Edward's station, which once more became the objective point. Expelling the enemy's pickets from Bolton the same Day, you seized and held that important position. On the 16th, you led the advance in three columns upon three roads, against Edward's station; meeting the enemy on the way in strong force, you heavily engaged him near Champion hills, and, after a sanguinary and obstinate battle, with the assistance of General McPherson's corps, beat and routed him, taking many prisoners and small-arms, and several pieces of cannon. Continuing to lead the advance, you rapidly pursued the enemy to Edward's station, capturing that place, a large quantity of public stor