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into action about twenty-two thousand or twenty-three thousand infantry, and about eight thousand cavalry. See Appendix for remarks on the subject of Sheridan's numbers in this campaign. On the 21st, Early and Anderson advanced, and on the 22nd, Sheridan fell back as far as Halltown. My position, he said, in front of Charlestown at best was a bad one, and so much being dependent on this army, I withdrew . . . and took up a new line in front of Halltown. The rebels pressed forward, and position. At the same time Torbert, with the greater part of the cavalry, was sent up the Luray valley on the left, and ordered to cross the mountains, and intercept the enemy at Newmarket, twenty miles in Early's rear. Before daylight on the 22nd, Crook marched to Little North mountain, the western boundary of the Valley, and massed his troops in the heavy woods along its face. The Sixth and Nineteenth corps were then moved up opposite the rebel centre, while Ricketts's division with Aver
n the river below Augusta. This was not different from what Grant had first suggested in his telegram of the 10th of September. But at this moment the whole situation changed as suddenly as the scenery in a theatre. Sherman's letter was dated September 20th, and on the 21st, Hood moved his army from Lovejoy's, where he had remained since the capture of Atlanta, to Palmetto station, on the West Point railroad, twenty-four miles south-west of the national position. From this place, on the 22nd, he announced to Bragg: I shall, unless Sherman moves south, so soon as I can collect supplies, cross the Chattahoochee river, and form line of battle near Powder Springs. This will prevent him from using the Dalton railroad, and force him to drive me off, or move south, when I shall fall upon his rear. It is strange to note how the very movement which Grant and Sherman were discussing, had been considered nearly as soon by the rebel general. He even appeared to desire the national advanc
coming towards this place; I can save most of the powder-works and machinery, if permitted. I can collect about three thousand men. Shall I attempt to move machinery? This day Hardee ordered all his available force from Macon to Augusta. On the 22nd, Fry reported: Twentieth and Fourteenth corps, under Slocum, form left of Sherman's army, and is moving from Oconee river. May move either on Augusta or Savannah. Sherman, however, as we have seen, had no intention of attacking either Macon orith such other public buildings as might easily be converted to hostile uses, but no important damage was done to private property. Thus the first stage of the journey was accomplished without serious opposition, except at a single point. On the 22nd, Kilpatrick made a feint on Macon, driving the enemy inside his entrenchments, and then fell back to Griswold, where he was joined by Wolcott's brigade of infantry. The two commands were engaged in covering the right flank, when the rebels came
committed an error in not overwhelming his enemy. Few soldiers, however, are great enough to accuse themselves of an error, and fewer still but might accuse themselves of greater ones than can ever be laid at Sherman's door. At daybreak on the 22nd, pursuit was made of the rebels for two miles beyond Mill creek, but it was checked by Sherman's order, and the road being clear, the army moved to Goldsboro, where Schofield had already arrived. On the 25th, the road from Newbern was complete, aency was forgotten, no preparation omitted. And now Grant waited only for the arrival of Sheridan from the Pamunkey. On the 20th of March, he invited the President to pay him a visit at City Point. Lincoln assented at once, and arrived on the 22nd. On the 25th, Sherman, leaving Schofield in command, also started for City Point. He had not been summoned, but was naturally anxious to communicate in person with his chief after the long series of important operations in which he had been enga
owed to the end. On the 16th of March, it will be remembered, Grant said to Sherman: I shall be prepared to pitch into Lee, if he attempts to evacuate the place. On the 21st, he said to Sheridan: There is now such a possibility, if not probability, of Lee and Johnston attempting to unite, that I feel extremely desirous not only of cutting the lines of communication between them, but of having a large and properly commanded cavalry force ready to act, in case such an attempt is made. On the 22nd, he wrote to Sherman: Sheridan's instructions will be to strike the South side broad as near Petersburg as he can, and destroy it so that it can not be repaired for three or four days, and push on to the Danville road as near to the Appomattox as he can get. This is precisely what Sheridan did, about two weeks later, only in the presence, and in spite of all of Lee's army. When this movement commences, continued Grant, I shall move out by my left with all the force I can, holding present
at you are not to decide, discuss, or confer upon any political question; such questions the President holds in his own hands, and will submit them to no military conferences or conventions. —Stanton to Grant, March 3d. See page 401. and Grant was ordered to proceed immediately to Sherman's Headquarters and direct in person operations against the enemy. Instructions were also sent in various directions to Sherman's subordinates to disregard his orders. Grant started before daybreak on the 22nd, and from Fort Monroe, at 3.30 P. M. the same day, he telegraphed to Halleck, who had been placed in command at Richmond: The truce entered into by Sherman will be ended as soon as I can reach Raleigh. Move Sheridan with his cavalry toward Greensboro, North Carolina, as soon as possible. I think it will be well to send one corps of infantry also, the whole under Sheridan. Arriving at Raleigh on the 24th, he informed Sherman as delicately as possible of the disapproval of his memorandum, an
versity and battle, I believe his civil administration would have been, if not more successful, at least more comfortable. In any event and always, I shall hope for his ultimate reward in the consciousness of deeds well done. W. T. Sherman, General. General Townsend to General Rawlins. War Department. Adjutant-General's office, Washington, May 19, 1868. Brevet Major-General John A. Rawlins, Chief of Staff, Armies of the United States: General: In compliance with your request of the 22d ult., I have to transmit herewith statements from the regimental records on file in this office, showing the losses sustained by the army of the Potomac in killed, wounded, and missing, from May 5, 1864, to April 9, 1865; also statements from the regimental records on file, showing the losses sustained by the army of the James, in killed, wounded, and missing, from May 5, 1864, to April 9, 1865; together with the recapitulation, showing a total of losses sustained by both armies during the perio