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t is forced to pay for copies of his own papers whenever the necessity arises to make use of them. General Pemberton was anxious to turn over his command to General Beauregard, but the latter would not accept it until he had examined, in company with that officer, all the important points and defences of the Department as it then stood. Accordingly, on the 16th of September, they began a regular tour of inspection which lasted until the 21st. They were, at that date, in Savannah. On the 24th, having returned to Charleston, General Beauregard went through the usual formality of assuming command. The result of his inspection is given in his official notes, to be found in the Appendix to the present chapter. He made his report as favorable as possible, and was not over-critical, especially in matters of engineering, as he well knew his predecessor had but a limited knowledge of that branch of the service, and had, besides, no experienced military engineer to assist him. Many cha
red pounds. all its guns rendered unserviceable. gorge-wall and northwest face greatly damaged. the First bombardment over. the fire on Sumter Slackens on the 24th. removal of ammunition and ordnance stores. not a gun in working order at Sumter. the enemy's flag abreast of south angle of Wagner. preparations for evacuatiorvant, G. T. Beauregard, General. The report reads as follows: General,—I arrived in Charleston on the 13th of September, 1862, and assumed command on the 24th of that month. In the interval I was engaged in ascertaining the plans and measures taken by Major-General Pemberton, my predecessor, for the defence, particulapartment at 10 3/4 P. M. The enemy carried his threat into execution by throwing several shells into the city about 1.30 A. M. on the morning of the 22d. On the 24th the fire on Fort Sumter lessened considerably; not more than one hundred and fifty shots were thrown against it in the course of the day. Every endeavor was mad
o sweep its exterior faces, at a concerted signal from Major Elliott, or whensoever the approach of hostile boats shall be evident. Concert of action, however, is most desirable. This order was also sent to Brigadier-General Hagood. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff. Headquarters, Department S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., Nov. 1st, 1863. His Excellency M. L. Bonham, Governor of South Carolina, etc., etc.: Governor,—Your letter of the 24th inst. enclosing one from Colonel Waddy Thompson, and another from Messrs. Pullian and Patten, has been received. I have ordered a light battery to report at once to Colonel Williams, at Greenville, S. C. I regret as much as you do my inability to send mounted troops for the defence of that part of the State. It is not prudent to withdraw, at this critical moment, from my already too small forces a regiment of old troops from the defence of Charleston. So soon as it can be done with safety I
he addressed a communication to Lieut.-General Taylor, relative to the new change of base to Tuscumbia, and what he desired him to do in that connection. Ibid. Having now completed all his orders and instructions, General Beauregard, on the 24th, started to rejoin General Hood's army, which he supposed to be then crossing the Tennessee River, at or near Guntersville. On his way thither he stopped at the home of the young heroine Miss Emma Sanson, who within that year had intrepidly pilotrred in those views, and expressed his conviction that he could carry them out successfully. See General Beauregard's letter to General Cooper, November 6th, 1864, to be found in the next chapter. Fortunately, before leaving Gadsden, on the 24th, General Beauregard had given all necessary orders for the repairing of the Mobile and Ohio and the Memphis and Charleston railroads, and had directed that all available railroad stock should be transferred to them. General Taylor had promised to
far as needed, towards Meridian. While at Corinth alarming telegrams from Generals Hardee, Taylor, Cobb, and Wheeler were received by him relative to Sherman's advance on Macon. He determined to leave at once for that locality, and telegraphed General Hood to take the offensive at once, in order to destroy or capture the Federal forces in Middle Tennessee, and compel Sherman to return to Kentucky, even should he have already reached the coast. General Beauregard arrived at Macon on the 24th, after many annoying delays at Meridian, Demopolis, Selma, and Montgomery, and had a long and important conference with Generals Cobb and Taylor. The latter had been ordered to Macon, to assist Generals Cobb and Hardee in the defence of Georgia. He was an officer of acknowledged merit, though not educated as a soldier, and could be relied upon whenever judgment and firmness were requisite. General Hardee, who appreciated these qualities in General Taylor, had urgently solicited his presenc
thought of the necessity for concentration. General Beauregard's plan the only Wise one. General Johnston assumes command. his view of the situation. General Beauregard's answer to General Lee. arrival of General Johnston at Charlotte on the 24th. Sherman's line of March after destroying Columbia. fall of Fort Fisher. General Bragg retreats to Goldsboroa. his tardy junction with General Johnston. wisdom of General Beauregard's plan Vindicated.> The enemy effected the crossing of Bre at Petersburg, from June 15th to 18th, of the same year, had not the fear been expressed by some members, that to pass votes of thanks again in his honor would indicate too much partiality for him. General Johnston arrived at Charlotte on the 24th, and, after a long conference with General Beauregard, assumed command the next day. He desired the latter to continue the concentration of our forces, at the most available points, from Charlotte to Raleigh, which General Beauregard had been so l
rning) had crossed a brigade. Most of my command will reach this place to-night. I brought off all of the supplies that my transportation—which is in a wretched condition—could admit of. In obedience to General Beauregard's instructions of 24th ultimo, I shall move towards Greensboroa to-morrow. I had made arrangements to move by Fayetteville, but received a despatch from General Bragg stating that Schofield was moving up the west bank of Cape Fear River. His despatch contradicting this an aggregate of 2343. Ibid., p. 393. We took 903 prisoners, but were unable to ascertain the full extent of the enemy's casualties. From the appearance of the field and the language of the Federals it largely exceeded 4000. Ibid. On the 24th the junction of Generals Sherman and Schofield, at Goldsboroa, was an accomplished fact. While apprising General Beauregard of it, General Johnston, after disposing of his troops to the best advantage, anxiously awaited the arrival of General S.
ment will be that you can have no higher title to the gratitude of your countrymen and the respect of mankind than will spring from the wisdom to see the path of duty at this time, and the courage to follow it, regardless alike of praise or blame. Respectfully, and truly your friend, John C. Breckinridge, Secretary of War. Another telegram from General Johnston to the Secretary of War, following close upon this letter to the President, had, at last, the desired effect; and, on the 24th, from Charlotte, Mr. Davis wrote: General J. E. Johnston, Greensboroa, N. C.: The Secretary of War has delivered to me the copy you handed to him of the basis of an agreement between yourself and General Sherman. Your action is approved. You will so inform General Sherman; and if the like authority be given by the Government of the United States to complete the arrangement, you will proceed on the basis adopted. Further instructions will be given as to the details of the nego
nemy have two thousand cavalry at Pensacola. Expecting two thousand additional infantry. Enemy have lightdraught boats to land troops in Mobile Bay, or ascend the Peridido inland, to attack Mobile; will move on Blakeley, via Camp Withers. The fleet of observation off Mobile increased; unusual number of vessels reported off Point Clear. D. H. Maury, Major-Genl. Comdg. Macon, Ga., Nov. 27th, 1864:9 P. M. Lieut.-Genl. W. J. Hardee, Savannah, Ga.: General,—Your letter of the 24th inst. and other letters have been delivered by Captain Welter. General Taylor must have given you the latest news from here; nothing important has occurred since his departure. Considering that this place is now out of danger, I shall continue to send you, as rapidly as possible, all the assistance available. I regret not being able to send you General Forrest, as desired by the President; but General Hood stated positively, before I left Tuscumbia, that he could not spare him without endange