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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
st nearly all of his artillery and ammunition. Alarmed by the approach of the Confederates in such force, the garrison at Harper's Ferry, under General French, withdrew to Maryland Heights. The Shenandoah Valley was now clear of all obstacles to the march of the invading army. Hooker, in the mean time, had been kept in the vicinity of the Rappahannock, partly by uncertainty concerning Lee's movements, and chiefly by directions from Washington; Hooker had been instructed by Halleck (January 31) to keep in view always the importance of covering Washington City and Harper's Ferry. On the 5th of June, when he expected a movement of General Lee toward the Potomac, he suggested, in a letter to the President, that in case he should do so, leaving (as he actually did) his rear resting on Fredericksburg, that it would be his duty to pitch into that rear, and desiring to know whether such an act would come within the spirit of his instructions. The President and General Halleck both di
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 6: siege of Knoxville.--operations on the coasts of the Carolinas and Georgia. (search)
s given to National vessels. The Confederates at Charleston had been informed that the two larger ships of the blockading fleet lying off the bar (Powhatan and Canandaigua) had gone to Port Royal to coal, so two Confederate armored gun-boats, of the rain class (Palmetto State, Captain Ingraham, Duncan N. Ingraham, formerly a useful officer of the National Navy, who had abandoned his flag and given his services to the Conspirators. and Chicora, Captain Tucker), went out before day-light Jan. 31. and in a shrouding haze, to strike the weaker National vessels then watching the harbor entrances. Softly they stole over the bar, when the Palmetto State, acting as a ram, struck the Mercidita, Captain Stellwagen, with full force, amidships, and at the same time fired a 7-inch rifled shell into her side, that went crashing through her machinery, releasing steam that scalded many men, and so completely disabling her that she could neither fight nor fly. The victor then attacked the Keysto
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
thway of desolation. No public property of the Confederates was spared. The station-houses and the rolling stock of the railway were burned; and the track was torn up, and the rails, heated by the burning ties cast into heaps, were twisted and ruined, and were often, by bending them when red-hot around a sapling, converted into what the men called Jeff. Davis's neck-ties. In regard to the treatment of the people, General Sherman thus discoursed in a long letter to his Adjutant-General Jan. 31. just before setting out on his expedition: To those who submit to rightful law and authority, all gentleness and forbearance; but to the petulant and persistent secessionists, why, death is mercy, and the quicker he or she is disposed of, the better. Satan, and the rebellious saints of heaven, were allowed a continuous existence in hell, merely to swell their just punishment. To such as would rebel against a government so mild and just as ours was in peace, a punishment equal would not b
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 18: capture of Fort Fisher, Wilmington, and Goldsboroa.--Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--Stoneman's last raid. (search)
rman's march to that place. Grant had communicated Jan. 21. to that leader that Schofield had been ordered to the sea, where he would have under his command over thirty thousand troops. The grand object of all the movements now was the dispersion of Johnston's army gathering in North Carolina, and the capture of Lee's at Richmond and Petersburg. Grant went down to Fort Fisher with Schofield, and conferred with General Terry and. Admiral Porter, and on his return to City Point he issued Jan. 31. instructions to Schofield to move on Goldsboroa either from Wilmington (if he should capture it), or from New Berne. Sherman, he said, may be looked for in the neighborhood of Goldsboroa any time from the 22d to the 28th of February. Two days after Schofield's arrival at Fort Fisher with General J. D. Cox's. division, Terry was pushed forward. Feb. 11. He drove the Confederate pickets, and established an intrenched line so close to Hoke's, that the latter was compelled to defend his i
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
n the basis of disbandment of the insurgent forces, and the recognition of the National authority throughout the Republic; also, that the complete restoration of the National authority, everywhere;, was an indispensable condition of any assent, on the part of the Government, to whatever form of peace might be proposed. He declared that he should not recede from the position he had taken on the subject of slavery. The commissioners were then informed that Congress had, three days before, January 31. adopted an amendment to the Constitution, which would doubtless be ratified by the requisite number of States, See page 454. for the prohibition of slavery throughout the Republic. The conference had no other result than that of the efforts made in July, which was to more clearly define the views of the Government and the Conspirators. At that conference, it is related that Mr. Lincoln insisted that the States had never separated from the Union, and consequently he could not reco