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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for February or search for February in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886 (search)
efeated. In 1850-56 Mr. Adams published the Life and works of John Adams (his grandfather), in 10 volumes. In 1859 he was elected to Congress from the district which his father long represented. He was then a Republican in politics. In March, 1861, he was appointed minister to Great Britain, where he managed his diplomatic duties with much skill during one of the most trying times in our history — that of the Civil War. He remained as American minister in London until 1868, when, in un>February, he resigned. In 1872 Mr. Adams was first a Liberal Republican, and then a Democrat, in politics. His labors in the field of literature were various. From 1845 to 1848 he edited a daily newspaper in Boston, and was long either a regular or an occasional contributor to the North American review. His principal task was the preparation of the Life and works of John Adams, and a Life of John Adams, in 2 volumes. He also issued the Life and works of John Quincy Adams, in 12 volumes. He die
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agreement of the people, (search)
orough, to which one representer or more is assigned, to be as Commissioners for the ends aforesaid, in the respective counties, cities and boroughs; and, by like writing under their hands and seals, shall certify into the Parliament Records, before the 11th of February next, the names of the Commissioners so appointed for the respective counties, cities and boroughs, which Commissioners, or any three or more of them, for the respective counties, cities and boroughs, shall before the end of February next, by writing under their hands and seals, appoint two fit and faithful persons, or more, in each hundred, lathe or wapen-take, within the respective counties, and in each ward within the City of London, to take care for the orderly taking of all voluntary subscriptions to this Agreement, by fit persons to be employed for that purpose in every parish; who are to return the subscription so taken to the persons that employed them, keeping a transcript thereof to themselves; and those perso
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Amelia Island, (search)
ers and smugglers of Lafitte's band of Baratarians resorted. Under a secret act, passed in 1811, and first made public in 1817, the President took the responsibility of suppressing both these establishments. Aury had joined McGregor with the Galveston desperadoes, and their force was formidable. The President sent Captain Henly, in the ship John Adams, with smaller vessels, and a battalion of Charleston artillery under Major Bankhead, to take possession of Amelia Island. McGregor was then at sea, leaving Aury in command of the island. He was summoned to evacuate it; and on Dec. 23 the naval and military commanders, with their forces, entered the place and took quiet possession. Aury left it in February, and so both nests of pirates and smugglers were broken up. At the same time there was much sympathy felt in the United States for the revolted Spanish-American colonies, and, in spite of the neutrality laws, a number of cruisers were fitted out in American ports under their flags.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Armand, Charles Teffin, Marquis de la Rouarie, (search)
Armand, Charles Teffin, Marquis de la Rouarie, French military officer; born near Rennes, in 1756; came to America in 1777, and entered the Continental army as a volunteer. He received the commission of colonel, and commanded a small corps, to which was attached a company of cavalry who acted as the police of camps. He was an exceedingly active officer, and was highly esteemed by Washington. In February. 1780, his corps was incorporated with that of Pulaski, who was killed at Savannah a few months before. In March, 1783, his services throughout the war from 1777 were recognized, and he was created a brigadier-general. Returning to France, he took part in the Revolution there, and was for a time a prisoner in the Bastile. The execution of Louis XVI. gave such a shock to his nervous system that he sank under it and died, Jan. 30, 1793.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beauregard, Pierre Gustave toutant, (search)
gard, Pierre Gustave toutant, Military officer; born on a plantation near New Orlenas, May 28, 1818; was graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1838, and entered the artiliery service, but was transferred to the engineer corps. He won the brevets of captain Gen, Pierre G. T. Brauregard. and major in the war with Mexico, and was wounded at Chapultepee; also at the taking of the city of Mexico. He left the service of the United States in 1861, and joined the Confederates in February. He conducted the siege of Fort Sumter, and was afterwards active as a leader in Virginia and other parts of the slave-labor States. Beauregard was made brigadier-general in the Confederate army. Feb. 20, 1861, and was placed in command of the gathering army of Confederates at Manassas Junction — the Department of Alexandria. He took the command at the beginning of June, 1861, and issued a proclamation which was calculated and intended to fire the Southern heart. He said: A reckless and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bills of credit. (search)
. They threatened a riot. The General Court resolved to issue bills of credit, or treasury notes, varying from five shillings to five pounds, receivable in payment of taxes, and redeemable out of any money in the treasury. The total amount of this paper currency issued was a little more than $133,000; but long before that limit was reached the bills depreciated onehalf. The General Court revived their credit in 1691, by making them a legal tender in all payments. The first issue was in February. 1691, though the bills were dated 1690--the year, according to the calendar then in use, not beginning until March. When an expedition for the conquest of Canada was determined on in 1711, the credit of the English treasury, exhausted by costly wars, was so low at Boston that nobody would purchase bills upon it without an endorsement, which Massachusetts furnished in the form of bills of credit to the amount of about $200,000, advanced to the merchants who supplied the fleet with provi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boston, (search)
pring, they were prepared to sit quietly in Boston and wait for them. They converted the Old South Meeting-house into a riding-school, and Faneuil Hall into a theatre, while Washington, yet wanting ammunition to begin a vigorous attack, was chafing with impatience to break up the nest. He waited for the ice in the rivers to become strong enough to allow his troops and artillery to cross over on it and assail the enemy; but the winter was mild, and no opportunity of that kind offered until February, when a council of officers decided that the undertaking would be too hazardous. Finally Colonel Knox, who had been sent to Ticonderoga to bring away cannon and mortars from that lace, returned with more than fifty great guns. Powder began to increase. Ten militia regiments came in to increase the strength of the besiegers. Heavy cannon were placed in battery before Boston. Secretly Dorchester Heights was occupied by the Americans, and fortified in a single night. Howe saw. for the fi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
lexander HamiltonSept. 11, 1789 Oliver Wolcott Feb. 2, 1795 Samuel Dexter Jan. 1, 1801 Albert Gallatin .May 14, 1801 George W. Campbell Feb. 9, 1814 Alexander J. Dallas Oct. 6, 1814 William H. 6 Samuel Dexter May 13, 1800 Roger Griswold Feb. 3, 1801 Henry Dearborn March 5, 1801 William James M. Porter March 8, 1843 William Wilkins Feb. 15, 1844 William L. Marcy March 6, 1845 Georg David Henshaw July 24, 1843 Thomas W. Gilmer Feb. 15, 1844 John Y. Mason March14, 1844 George Bimothy PickeringAug. 12, 1791 Joseph Habersham Feb.25, 1795 Gideon Granger Nov.28, 1801 Return J., 1857 Joseph Holt March14, 1859 Horatio King Feb. 12, 1861 Montgomery Blair March 5, 1861 Willi4 Charles Lee Dec. 10,1795 Theophilus Parsons Feb. 20,1801 Levi Lincoln March 5,1801 Robert Smi07 William Pinkney Dec. 11,1811 Richard Rush Feb. 10,1814 William WirtNov.13,1817 John M. Berri Secretaries of Agriculture. Norman J. ColemanFeb. 13, 1889 Jeremiah M. RuskMarch 4, 1889 J. Ste[3 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champlin, Stephen 1789- (search)
Champlin, Stephen 1789- Naval officer; born in South Kingston, R. I., Nov. 17, 1789; went to sea when sixteen years old, and commanded a ship at twenty-two. In May, 1812, he was appointed sailing-master in the navy, and was first in command of a gunboat under Perry, at Newport, R. I., and was in service on Lake Ontario in the attacks on Little York (Toronto) and Fort George, in 1813. He joined Perry on Lake Erie, and commanded the sloop-of-war Scorpion in the battle on Sept. 10, 1813, firing the first and last gun in that action. He was the last surviving officer of that engagement. In the following spring, while blockading Mackinaw with the Tigress, he was attacked in the night by an overwhelming force, severely wounded, and made prisoner. His wound troubled him until his death, and he was disabled for any active service forever afterwards. He died in Buffalo, N. Y., Feb.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charleston, S. C. (search)
ith him the main body of his army, leaving General Knyphausen in command in New York. The troops were borne by a British fleet, commanded by Admiral Arbuthnot, who had 2,000 marines. They encountered heavy storms off Cape Hatteras, which scattered the fleet. One vessel, laden with heavy battery-cannon, went to the bottom. Another, bearing Hessian troops, was driven across the Atlantic, and dashed on the shore of England. The troops landed on islands below Charleston, and it was late in February before the scattered British forces appeared on St. John's Island, in sight of the wealthy city, containing a population of 15.000 inhabitants, white and black. The city was then defended by less than 2,000 effective troops, under General Lincoln, who cast up intrenchments across Charleston Neck. Commodore Whipple had sunk some of his armed vessels in the channels of the harbor, after transferring the cannon and seamen to the land fortifications. Fort Moultrie was well garrisoned. The
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