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him with such zeal that he could enlist for a new voyage as many as he pleased. A second time Columbus had brought back tidings from the land and isles which were still described as the outposts of India. It appeared to be demonstrated that ships might pass by the west into those rich eastern realms where, according to the popular belief, the earth teemed with spices, and imperial palaces glittered with pearls and rubies, with diamonds and gold. On the third day of the month 1498. of February next after his return, John Kaboto, Venician, accordingly obtained a power to take up ships for another voyage, at the rates fixed for those employed in the service of the king, and once more to set sail with as many companions as would go with Chap. I.} 1498. him of their own will. With this license every trace of John Cabot disappears. He may have died before the summer; but no one knows certainly the time or the place of his end, and it has not even been ascertained in what country t
not to be opened till after the arrival in Virginia, no competent authority existed to check the progress of envy and disorder. Smith, i. 150. Chalmers, 17. The genius of Smith excited jealousy; and hope, the only power which can still the clamors and allay the feuds of the 1607 selfish, early deserted the colonists. Newport, who commanded the ships, was acquainted with the old passage, and, consuming the whole of the early spring in a navigation which should have been completed in February, sailed by way of the Canaries and the West India Islands. As he turned to the north, a severe storm carried his fleet beyond the settlement of Raleigh, into the magnificent Bay of the Chesapeake. Smith, i. 150. Stith, 44. The head-lands received and retain April 26. the names of Cape Henry and Cape Charles, from the sons of King James; the deep water for anchorage, putting the emigrants in good Comfort, gave a name to the Northern Point; and within the capes a country opened, which
xist, and that, though many others are lost, the first volume of Hening's Statutes at Large proves, beyond a question, that assemblies were convened, at least, as often as follows:— 1630, March,Hening, i.147—153. 1630, April,ibid.257. 1632, February,ibid.153—177. 1632, Septemberibid.178—202. 1633, February,ibid.202—209. 1633, August,ibid.209—222. 1634,ibid.223. 1635,ibid.223. 1636,ibid.229. 1637,ibid.227. 1639,ibid.229—230. 1640,Hening, i.268. 1641, June,ibid.259—262. 1642, JanuaFebruary,ibid.202—209. 1633, August,ibid.209—222. 1634,ibid.223. 1635,ibid.223. 1636,ibid.229. 1637,ibid.227. 1639,ibid.229—230. 1640,Hening, i.268. 1641, June,ibid.259—262. 1642, January,ibid.267. 1642, April,ibid.230. 1642, June,ibid.269. Considering how imperfect are the early records, it is surprising that so considerable a list can be established. The instructions to Sir William Berkeley do not first order assemblies; but speak of them as of a thing established. At an adjourned session of Berkeley's first legislature, the assembly declares its meeting exceeding customary limits, in this place used. Hening, i. 236. This is a plain declaration, t
Roman Catholic gentlemen and their ser- Chap. VII.} vants, in the Ark and the Dove, a ship of large burden, and a pinnace, set sail for the northern bank of the Potomac. Having staid by the way in Barbadoes and St. Christopher, it was not till February of the follow- 1634. Feb. 24. ing year, that they arrived at Point Comfort, in Virginia; where, in obedience to the express letters of King Charles, they were welcomed by Harvey with courtesy and humanity. Clayborne also appeared, but it was agratitude, and toleration. Every thing breathed peace but Clayborne. Dangers could only grow out of external causes, and were eventually the sad consequences of the revolution in England. Twelve months had not elapsed before the colony 1635. Feb. of Maryland, in February, 1635, was convened for legislation. Probably all the freemen were present in a strictly popular assembly. The laws of the session are no longer extant; but we know, that the neces- Chap VII.} sity of vindicating the j