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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 2: preliminary rebellious movements. (search)
o the last drop of blood to resist its fanatical oppression. Our minds are made up. The South will not wait until the 4th of March. We will be well under arms before then, or our safety must be guaranteed. Autograph letter to Josiah Williams, ofme to consult. But he is of opinion, most strongly, that whatever action is resolved on, should be consummated on the 4th of March, not before. That while the action determined on should be decisive and irrevocable, its initial point should be the 4th of March. He is opposed to any Southern convention, merely for the purpose of consultation. If a Southern convention is held, it must be of delegates empowered to act, whose action is at once binding on the States they represent. But he desio trust the people. His language was violent and seditious in the extreme. After telling the people that alter the 4th of March ensuing, the National Government, which had from the beginning been controlled by men from the Slave-labor States, wou
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
ticians in keeping bound in triple chains the fierce dogs of war. Senator Iverson, a man over sixty years of age, and a member of the Military Committee of the Senate, startled that body by his boldness in seditious speech. He admitted that a State had no constitutional right to secede, but he claimed for all the right of revolution. He then announced that the Slave-labor States intended to revolt. We intend to go out of this Union, he said. I speak what I believe, that, before the 4th of March, five of the Southern States, at least, will have declared their independence. . . . Although there is a clog in the way of the lone-star State of Texas, in the person of her Governor (Houston), who will not consent to call her Legislature together, and give the people of that State an opportunity to act, yet the public sentiment there is so decided in favor of this movement, that even the Governor will be overridden; and if he does not yield to public sentiment, some Texan Brutus Alfre
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 4: seditious movements in Congress.--Secession in South Carolina, and its effects. (search)
he South Carolina delegation in Congress, The written communications to the President were signed by the following named persons, then Representatives in Congress from South Carolina:--John McQueen, William Porcher Miles, M. L. Bonham, W. W, Boyce, and Lawrence M. Keitt. that the relative military condition should remain the same, while each party forbore hostile movements. This statement of Miles satisfied the Convention that they might play treason to their hearts' content until the 4th of March; provided, they kept violent hands off the property of the United States. The President, as we shall observe hereafter, denied that he ever gave such pledge, and pronounced the accusation untrue, as it undoubtedly was. After resolutions were offered and referred, which proposed a Provisional Government for the Slave-labor States that might secede, on the basis of the National Constitution; also, to send Commissioners to Washington to negotiate for the cession of the property of the Un
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
surances that no troops would be sent to that State prior to the 4th of March (the day fixed upon by many as the one on which the first blow an for hostilities; whereas, by remaining in our places until the 4th of March, it is thought we can keep the hands of Mr. Buchanan tied, and dny men were favorable to postponing action altogether, until the 4th of March, with the hope of preserving the Union. So doubtful was the finn the Ordinance, unless its action should be postponed until the 4th of March. The Convention adjourned on the 30th of January until the 4t4th of March, after having resolved against the opening of the African Slave-trade, and making provision for the due execution of the Ordinance ing but ruin to yourselves and your posterity. Secession by the 4th of March next, should be thundered from the ballot-box by the unanimous vss, when it was not officially known by the Convention until the 4th of March that a majority of the people had voted in favor of secession.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
nment. The election was held on the, appointed day, February 4, 1861. and of the one hundred and fifty-two delegates chosen, a large majority were opposed to secession. Concealing this. fact, and using the other fact, that the unconditional Unionists were few, the newspapers in the interest of the conspirators declared that not twenty submissionist Union men had been chosen. Virginia, said the leading organ of the secessionists in that State, R. M. T. Hunter. will, before the 4th of March, declare herself absolved from all further obligation to the Federal Government. It is eminently proper that the State which was the leader in the Revolution, and the first to proclaim the great doctrine of State Rights in 1799, should lead the column of the Border States. Richmond Enquirer, February 5, 1861. We will consider the proceedings of the Virginia Convention hereafter. The conspirators felt great anxiety and doubt concerning the position of Maryland. To the disloyali
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 9: proceedings in Congress.--departure of conspirators. (search)
and added, It is believed that the opinion that they should remain, prevailed. The truth of these statements was confirmed by the letter written by Senator Yulee (already referred to See page 166. See also a notice of Slidell's Letter in note 2, page 182.), on the 14th of January, in which he inclosed a copy of the resolutions passed at that meeting, in one of which they resolved to ask for instructions, whether the delegations from seceding States were to remain in Congress until the 4th of March, for the purpose of defeating hostile legislation. The other, and last, resolved That a committee be, and are hereby, appointed, consisting of Messrs. Davis, Slidell, and Mallory, to carry out the objects of the meeting. It was also stated, in a dispatch from Washington to the Baltimore press, dated the day after Eaton's revelations appeared, that the leaders of the Southern movement are consulting as to the best mode of consolidating their interests in a confederacy under a provisional
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
their plans for securing success in the impending conflict. Henry A. Wise, a chief actor among the Virginia politicians at that time, had declared, as we have seen, two months before:--Our minds are made up. The South will not wait until the 4th of March. We will be well under arms before then. See page 43. John Tyler, one of the chief promoters of this Peace movement in Virginia, and President of the Convention, was an advocate of the treason of the South Carolina politicians in 1832-33, in number with the States of the Confederacy. This was the flag under which the maddened hosts of that Confederacy rushed to The conspirators' flag. battle, at the beginning of the war that ensued. It was first displayed in public on the 4th of March, when it was unfurled over the State House at Montgomery. The first assumption of sovereignty on the part of the Convention was on the 12th, February, 1861. when it was resolved that the new Government should take under its charge all ques
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
Charity Lodge of the Knights of Feb Malta, in New Orleans, who had heard of his infamy, expelled him from their order February 25, by unanimous vote. On the 4th of March the Secession Convention of Louisiana, that had assembled that day, resolved to unite with the citizens of New Orleans in honoring Twiggs with a public receptio the revolutionary conventions of the several States named in the league, for ratification or rejection. The Convention of Alabamians, who reassembled on the 4th of March, ratified it on the 13th, by a vote of eighty-seven against five. That of Georgians reassembled on the 7th of March, and on the 16th ratified it by unanimous vote, saying that the State of Georgia acted in its sovereign and independent character. That of Louisianians, which reassembled on the 4th of March, ratified the Constitution on the 21st of the same month, by a vote of one hundred and seven against seven. The South Carolina politicians reassembled their Convention on the 26th o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
e who were pouring into the Capital to participate in the ceremonies were well armed, kept the enemies of the Republic in perfect restraint. The dawn of the 4th of March was pleasant, and the day was a bright one. Washington City was crowded by more than twenty-five thousand strangers, a large portion of them the political friewill yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature. Long before sunset on that beautiful 4th of March, the brilliant pageant of the inauguration of a President had dissolved, and thousands of citizens, breathing more freely now that the first and important chapcoln's Message, just referred to, make it plain that he and his advisers acted in good faith, and that Mr. Seward's assurances were honestly given:-- On the 4th of March, the day when Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated, a letter was received at the War Department from Major Anderson, dated the 28th, of February, 1861. in which that o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
teers from every part of the Confederacy flocked into Charleston; and at the close of March, not less than seven thousand armed men and one hundred and twenty cannon were menacing Anderson and his little garrison. These were under the command of Major Peter Gustavus Toutant Beauregard, a Louisiana Creole, who had deserted his flag, resigned his commission, February, 1861. and received from the Montgomery conspirators the appointment of brigadier general. He arrived at Charleston on the 4th of March. Fort Sumter was built for defense against external and not against internal foes. Its stronger sides were toward the sea; its weakest side was toward Morris Island, three-fourths of a mile distant, and the nearest land. On that side were its sally-port and docks. The builders never suspected that a hostile gun would be pointed toward that face; now Morris Island was selected as the position for one of the most formidable of the batteries of the insurgents, which was, built of heavy
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