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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama. (search)
vernment, which were now resumed and vested in the people of the State of Alabama. The convention favored the formation of a confederacy of slave-labor States, and formally invited the others to send delegates to meet those of Alabama, in general convention, on Feb. 4, at Montgomery, for consultation on the subject. The convention was not harmonious. Union men were not to be put down without a struggle. There was a minority report on Secession; and sone were for postponing the act until March 4, with a hope of preserving the Union. Nicholas Davis, from northern Alabama, declared his belief that the people of his section would not submit to any disunion scheme, when Yancey (q. v.) denounced him an his fellow-citizens of that region as tories, traitors. and rebels, and said they ought to be coerced into submission. Davis was not moved by these menaces, but assured the Confederates that the people of his section would be ready to meet their enemies on the line and decide the issue
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bryan, William Jennings, 1860- (search)
inistration. We object to bringing this question down to the level of persons. The individual is but an atom; he is born, he acts, he dies; but principles are eternal; and this has been a contest over a principle. Never before in the history of this country has there been witnessed such a contest as that through which we have just passed. Never before in the history of American politics has a great issue been fought out as this issue has been, by the voters of a great party. On the 4th of March. 1895, a few Democrats, most of them members of Congress, issued an address to the Democrats of the nation, asserting that the money question was the paramount issue of the hour; declaring that a majority of the Democratic party had the right to control the action of the party on this paramount issue; and concluding with the request that the believers in the free coinage of silver in the Democratic party should organize, take charge of. and control the policy of the Democratic party. Thre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, James, (search)
mpt to take possession of either one of them will be regarded as an act of hostility, and you may then put your command into either of them which you may deem most proper to increase its power of resistance. You are also authorized to take similar defensive steps whenever you have tangible evidence of a design to proceed to a hostile act. It is said that serious apprehensions are to some extent entertained (in which 1 do not share) that the peace of this district may be disturbed before March 4 next. In any event, it will be my duty to preserve it, and this duty shall be performed. In conclusion, it may be permitted to me to remark that I have often warned my countrymen of the dangers which now surround us. This may be the last time I shall refer to the subject officially. I feel that my duty has been faithfully, though it may be imperfectly, performed, and whatever the result may be, I shall carry to my grave the consciousness that I at least meant well for my country. Ja
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
, Ark.—16. Conscription bill passed the United States Senate.—20. National currency bill passed the United States House of Representatives.—23. United States Senate authorized the suspension of the privilege of Habeas corpus. —25. English-Confederate steamer Peterhoff captured by the Vanderbilt. National currency act approved by the President.—26. Cherokee national council repeal the ordinance of secession.—28. Confederate steamer Nashville destroyed by the Montauk in Ageechee River.— March 4. Palmyra, Mo., burned by Union gunboats.—6. General Hunter ordered the drafting of negroes in the Department of the South. Confederates capture Franklin, Tenn.—8. Brigadier-General Stoughton captured by Moseby's cavalry at Fairfax Court-House, Va. Twenty-three Confederate steamers captured on the Yazoo River.—11. Governor Cannon, of Delaware, declared the national authority supreme.—18. House of Representatives of New Jersey pass peace resolutions.—19. Mount Sterling, Ky.,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, National (search)
seditious words. Senator Hale replied with stinging words to Clingman's remarks, which aroused the anger of the Southern members. He had said, The plain, true way is to look this thing in the face—see where we are. The extremists thought so too, and cast off all disguise, especially Senator Iveson, of Georgia, and Wigfall, of Texas. The former answered that the slave-labor States intended to revolt. We intend to go out of this Union, he said. I speak what I believe, that, before the 4th of March, five of the Southern States will have declared their independence. He referred to the patriotic governor of Texas (Houston) as a hinderance to the secession of that State, and expressed a hope that some Texan Brutus will arise to rid his country of the hoary-headed incubus that stands between the people and their sovereign will. He said that in the next twelve months there would be a confederacy of Southern States, with a government in operation, of the greatest prosperity and power th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
ing on the construction of those amendments, they are here inserted. They will be found in the journals of the first session of the First Congress. Congress of the United States. Begun and held at the city of New York, on Wednesday, the 4th day of March, 1789. The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses shou or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. 2. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-Presid
ing 1895 Spain sent 50,000 troops to the island. On Feb. 5, 1896, a resolution recommending that the Cubans be recognized as belligerents was introduced in the United States Senate, and on Feb. 27, a similar one was presented to the House. On Feb. 28, the Senate resolution was adopted by a vote of 64 to 6. This action aroused great indignation in Spain, and led to riots throughout the country. The resolution presented to the House was adopted on March 2, by a vote of 263 to 17; but on March 4 the Senate refused to agree with the House resolution, and sent it to a conference committee, whose report became the subject of an animated debate till it was returned to the conference by a unanimous vote on March 23. The House accepted the Senate resolutions on March 26. From the beginning of the rebellion the Cubans carried on a guerilla warfare, burning many small towns, and destroying much plantation property. On March 14, 1896, the strength of the Cuban army was estimated in Havan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Electoral commission. (search)
tuted for Senator Thurman, who had become ill. Judges Clifford, Miller, Field, and Strong, of the Supreme Court, were named in the bill, and these chose as the fifth member of associate justices Joseph P. Bradley. The Electoral Commission assembled in the hall of the House of Representatives, Feb. 1, 1877. The legality of returns from several States was questioned, and was passed upon and decided by the commission. The counting was completed on March 2, and the commission made the final decision in all cases. The president of the Senate then announced that Hayes and Wheeler were elected. The forty-fourth Congress finally adjourned on Saturday, March 3. March 4, prescribed as the day for the taking of the oath of office by the President, falling on Sunday, Mr. Hayes, to prevent any technical objections that might be raised, privately took the oath of office on that day, and on Monday, the 5th, he was publicly inaugurated, in the presence of a vast multitude of his fellow-citizens.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
by the Florida representatives in Congress at Washington; but, notwithstanding the State had withdrawn from the Union, they remained in their seats, for reasons given in a letter to Joseph Finnegan, written by Senator David L. Yulee from his desk in the Senate chamber. It seemed to be the opinion, he said, that if we left here, force, loan, and volunteer bills might be passed, which would put Mr. Lincoln in immediate condition for hostilities; whereas, by remaining in our places until the 4th of March, it is thought we can keep the hands of Mr. Buchanan tied, and disable the Republicans from effecting any legislation which will strengthen the hands of the incoming administration. Senators from other States wrote similar letters under their official franks. The convention was addressed by L. W. Spratt, of South Carolina, an eminent advocate for reopening the African slavetrade. Delegates were appointed to a general convention to assemble at Montgomery, Ala., and other measures were t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, Benjamin 1740-1791 (search)
, and for three successive terms governor of Virginia. He graduated at Miami University, O., in 1852, and soon after began the study of law in Cincinnati. In 1854 he settled in Indianapolis and entered upon practice. On Jan. 23, 1865, he was brevetted a brigadier-general of volunteers, in the Union army; and when, soon afterwards, the war was brought to a termination, he returned to Indianapolis. In 1880 he was chosen United States Senator from Indiana, and took his seat in that body on March 4. At the Republican National Convention in 1888, he received the nomination for the Presidency on the eighth ballot. At the election in November he was chosen President, receiving 233 electoral votes to Grover Cleveland's 168. The popular vote was 5,440,216 for Harrison, and 5,538,233 for Cleveland (see cabinet, President's). In 1892 both he and Mr. Cleveland were renominated, and he was defeated by the latter, receiving 145 electoral and 5,176,108 popular votes against 277 electoral and
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