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here were, a year ago, five thousand people. The day before our troops crossed the Potomac, a messenger came to town in hot haste, demanding that all the citizens should shoulder a musket, and join the militia, for active service against the Yankees. The next day, in six hours the pontoon-bridge of forty strong boats was built; and ere the sun set, eight thousand men — horse, foot, and artillery — had passed over in perfect safety. The old bridge will be finished next week, and by the first of April the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad will be running again. The numerous graves on the crest of the hill at Harper's Ferry, show how busy death has been in the confederate ranks during the winter. Around are seen the lofty ridges of the Blue Mountains, pierced at one bold point by the Potomac and Shenandoah. Nature has lavished a wild beauty over the whole scene, and man has degraded it by the basest treason. As our thick ranks passed the lonely cemetery, a meadow-lark, perched on an oa
heir memory will be cherished by every patriot and add honor to the arms of Pennsylvania and the Union. The Governor directs that Winchester, twenty-third of March, 1862, be inscribed on the flags of the Eighty-fourth and One hundred and tenth regiments, and that this order be read at the head of all the regiments of Pennsylvania volunteers. By order of A. G. Curtin, Governor and Commander in Chief. A. L. Russell, Adjutant General P. M. Cincinnati Gazette narrative. Winchester, April 1. The excitement and smoke of battle having now cleared away, I am enabled to send you a full and concise history of the late terrible battle of Winchester. On the eighteenth and nineteenth ultimo, Gen. Shields made a reconnaissance in the direction of Mount Jackson, and there ascertained that the enemy under Jackson was strongly posted near that place, and in communication with a large force at Luray and Washington. He deemed it important to draw him from his position and supporting
rps of troops from Mobile and Pensacola, under Maj.-Gen. Bragg, constituted the army of the Mississippi. At the same time, Gen. Johnston, being at Murfreesboro, on the march to form a junction of his forces with mine, was called on to send at least a brigade by railroad, so that we might fall on and crush the enemy should he attempt an advance from under his gunboats. The call on Gen. Johnston was promptly complied with. His entire force was also hastened in this direction, and by the first of April our united forces were concentrated along the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, from Bethel to Corinth, and on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, from Corinth to Iuka. It was then determined to assume the offensive and strike a sudden blow at the enemy in position under Gen. Grant, on the west bank of the Tennessee, at Pittsburgh and in the direction of Savannah, before he was reinforced by the army under Gen. Buell, then known to be advancing for that purpose by rapid marches from Nashvill
ch 26.--Main works of the enemy reported overflowed. Operations slackened. March 27.--Firing continued at intervals only. Residents captured report the rebels fifteen thousand strong. March 28.--Heavy firing from the fleet. Upper battery reported silenced; enemy lost sixty killed, and twenty-five wounded. Rebels constructing new batteries. March 29.--Firing very heavy. March 30.--Heavy bombardment, to which the rebels make no reply. March 31.--Same condition of affairs. April 1.--An expedition from the fleet proceeded to the upper rebel fort and spiked six guns. April 2.--Operations not reported. April 3.--Rebel heavy floating battery detached from shore and drifted down the stream. Gunboat Carondelet ran the blockade. April 4.--Firing active, and good execution to the rebel works reported. April 5.--Transports and barges arrived at New-Madrid. Heavy firing all day. April 7.--Gen. Pope succeeds in landing Gen. Paine's division on the Tennessee sho
Doc. 155.-atrocities at Bull Run, Va. The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the Present War made the following report in the United States Senate, on the thirtieth of April: On the first day of April the Senate of the United States. adopted the following resolution, which was referred to the Committee on the Conduct of the War: Resolved, That the Select Committee on the Conduct of the War be directed to collect the evidence with regard to the barbarous treatment by the rebels, at Manassas, of the remains of officers and soldiers of the United States killed in battle there; and that the said select committee also inquire into the fact whether the Indian savages have been employed by the rebels, in their military service, against the Government of the United States, and how such warfare has been conducted by said savages. In pursuance of the instructions contained in this resolution, your committee have the honor to report that they examined a number of witnesses, who