Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for April 8th or search for April 8th in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Appomattox Court-House, (search)
Appomattox Court-House, The seat of government of Appomattox county, Va., about 25 miles east of Lynchburg; famous as the scene of the surrender of General M'Lean's House, the place of Lee's Scrrender. Lee to General Grant. The Army of Northern Virginia was reduced by famine, disease, death, wounds, and capture to a feeble few. These struggled against enormous odds with almost unexampled fortitude, but were compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and strength. On April 8, a portion of Sheridan's cavalry, under General Custer, supported by Devine, captured four Confederate supply-trains at Appomattox Station, on the Lynchburg Railroad. Lee's vanguard approaching, were pushed back to Appomattox Court-House, 5 miles northward — near which was Lee's main army — losing twenty-five guns and many wagons and prisoners. Sheridan hurried forward the remainder of his command, and on that evening he stood directly across Lee's pathway of retreat. Lee's last avenue of escape was c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Asgill, Sir Charles, 1762-1823 (search)
. April 7, 1762. He was among the troops under Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, where he held the position of captain. Late in 1781, Capt. Joseph Huddy, serving in the New Jersey line. was in charge of a block-house on Toms River, Monmouth co., N. J. There he and his little garrison were captured in March, 1782, by a band of refugee loyalists sent by the Board of associated loyalists of New York, of which ex-Governor Franklin, of New Jersey, was president, and taken to that city. On April 8, these prisoners were put in charge of Capt. Richard Lippincott. a New Jersey loyalist, who took them in a sloop to the British guard-ship at Sandy Hook. There Huddy was falsely charged with being concerned in the death of Philip White. a desperate Tory. who was killed Capt, Charles Asgill. White, a desperate Tory, who was killed while trying to escape from his guard. While a prisoner, Huddy was taken by Lippincott to a point at the foot of the Navesink Hills, near the present light-
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederation, articles of (search)
ough John Dickinson, of Pennsylvania, a draft of Articles of Confederation. Almost daily debates upon it continued until Aug. 20, when the report was laid aside, and was not called up for consideration until April 8, 1777. Meanwhile several of the States had adopted constitutions for their respective governments, and the Congress was practically acknowledged the supreme head in all matters appertaining to war, public finances, etc., and was exercising the functions of sovereignty. From April 8 until Nov. 15 ensuing, the subject was debated two or three times a week, and several amendments were made. On Nov. 15, 1777, after a spirited debate, daily, for a fortnight, a plan of government, known as Articles of Confederation, was adopted. Congress again assembled, in Philadelphia, on July 2, 1778, and on the 9th the Articles of Confederation, engrossed on parchment, were signed by the delegates of eight States. A circular was sent to the other States, urging them to conclude the g
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lee, Robert Edward 1807- (search)
seless effusion of blood, and, therefore, before considering your proposition, ask the terms you will offer on condition of its surrender. R. E. Lee, General. To Lieut.-Gen. U. S. Grant, Commanding Armies of the United States. III. April 8. To Gen. R. E. Lee, Commanding Confederate States Army: General,—Your note of last evening, in reply to mine of same date, asking the conditions on which I will accept the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, is just received. In repose of arranging definitely the terms upon which the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia will be received. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General, Commanding Armies of the United States. IV. April 8. General,—I received, at a late hour, your note of to-day in answer to mine of yesterday. I did not intend to propose the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, but to ask the terms of your proposition. To be frank, I do not think t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
rch from the Mississippi of about 5,000 miles. The conquest of all northern Mexico was now complete, and General Scott was on his march for the capital. He had landed at Vera Cruz, March 9, with an army of 13,000 men. It had been borne thither by a powerful squadron, commanded by Commodore Conner. He invested the city of Vera Cruz (q. v.) on the 13th, and on the 27th it was surrendered with the castle of San Juan de Ulloa. Scott took possession of the city two days afterwards, and, on April 8, the advance of his army, under General Twiggs, began its march for the capital, by way of Jalapa. Santa Ana had advanced, with 12,000 men, to meet the invaders, and had taken post at Cerro Gordo, a difficult mountain pass at the foot of the Eastern Cordilleras. Scott had followed Twiggs with the rest of his army, and, on April 18, defeated the Mexicans at that strong pass, and, pushing forward, entered Jalapa on the 19th. On the 22d the American flag was unfurled over the Castle of Per
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mobile, Ala. (search)
, March 27, but its garrison of nearly 3,000 of Hood's late army, with its neighbors, made it a stout antagonist, willing to give blow for blow. Warmer and warmer waxed the fight on that day, and before sunset a tremendous artillery duel was in progress, in which gunboats of both parties joined, and kept it up all night. Then a siege was formally begun (March 28). The Nationals finally brought to bear upon the fort sixteen mortars, twenty heavy guns, and six field-pieces. Towards sunset, April 8, Canby began a general assault by a consecutive fire from all his heavy guns, his field-pieces, and his gunboats. An Iowa regiment, encountering some Texas sharp-shooters, charged upon and overpowered them. Sweeping along the rear of the intrenchments, they captured 300 yards of them, with 350 prisoners and three battle-flags. This exploit made the Confederates evacuate the fort, and by 2 A. M. the next day it was in possession of the Nationals. The garrison, excepting 600 made prisoner
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pleasant Hill, battle of. (search)
rst onset, and while trying to rally his men to charge, Benedict was slain by a bullet which passed through his head. While the left was giving way, and the Confederates had captured four guns, Emory's right stood firm until enveloped on three sides by a superior force, when it fell back a little. Then the tide was changed by a heavy countercharge by Smith's veterans, under General Mower. The right of the Confederates was driven more than a mile by this charge. Then the whole of Smith's reserves were ordered up, when the Confederates were routed and pursued until dark. General Banks reported his losses in the battles of April 7, 8, and 9, at 3,969, of whom 289 were killed and 2,150 missing, most of the latter taken prisoners. The Nationals had also lost, thus far, twenty pieces of artillery, 160 wagons, and 1,200 horses and mules. They had captured 2,300 prisoners, twenty-five cannon (chiefly by the fleet), and 3,000 bales of cotton. The Confederate losses were never reported.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Red River expedition. (search)
seventy cannon. So outnumbered, Banks would have been justified in proceeding no farther, but he and Smith, anxious to secure the object of the expedition, pressed forward. The Confederates fell back until they reached Sabine Cross Roads, 54 miles from Grand Ecore, were they made a stand. It was now evident that the further advance of the Nationals was to be obstinately contested. The Trans-Mississippi army, under Gen. E. Kirby Smith, was there 20,000 strong. A fierce battle occurred (April 8), which resulted in disaster to the Nationals. The shattered columns of Franklin's advance fell back 3 miles, to Pleasant Grove, where they were received by the fine corps of General Emory, who was advancing, and who now formed a battle line to oppose the pursuers. There another severe battle was fought, which ended in victory for the Nationals (see Pleasant Grove, Battle of.). Although victorious, Banks thought it prudent to continue his retreat to Pleasant Hill, 15 miles farther in th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sabine cross-roads, battle of. (search)
o thin divisions under General Ransom. General Emory followed Ransom. Among his troops was a brigade of colored soldiers. Lee was ordered to attack the Confederates wherever he should find them, but not to bring on a general engagement. Franklin advanced to Pleasant Hill (q. v.), where Banks joined him. Near Sabine Cross-roads, Lee found the trans-Mississippi army, fully 20,000 strong, under several Confederate leaders. Waiting for the main army to come up, Lee and Ransom were attacked (April 8), by the Confederates. At a little past noon, General Banks arrived at the front, and found the skirmishers hotly engaged. Orders were sent to Franklin to hurry forward, but he did not arrive in time to give needed assistance, for at 4 P. M. 8,000 infantry and 12,000 cavalry had fallen upon the Nationals along their whole line, and drove them back. Franklin, with a division under General Cameron, arrived at five o'clock, but the overwhelming number of the Confederates turned the National
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nebraska, (search)
t Lincoln, May 11, 1875, completing its labors June 12, is ratified by the people......Oct. 12, 1875 Convention of governors from the Western States and Territories at Omaha to consider the grasshopper pest......October, 1876 Ponco chief Standing Bear and twenty-five followers on their way from the Indian Territory, which they left in January, 1879, to their old home in Dakota are arrested on the Omaha reservation by Brigadier-General Crook, to be returned to the Indian Territory. On April 8, H. Tibbles, assistant editor of the Omaha Herald, applies for a writ of Habeas corpus on their behalf, to be served on General Crook. This writ was issued by Judge Dundy, of the United States district court of Nebraska, who decides that an Indian has a right to a Habeas corpus in a federal court. The Secretary of War at Washington issues immediate orders for the release of Standing Bear and his followers......May 13, 1879 New school law, repealing and remodelling the old system of pub
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