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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 3.24 (search)
e had gone toward Fredericksburg. From here I pushed Gregg's division on to Louisa Court House, on the Virginia Central Railroad, where it arrived about 2 A. M., May 2d, and immediately commenced tearing up the track of the railroad, destroying the telegraph, etc. Buford's brigade encamped that night on the south bank of the North Anna. About 10 A. M., May 2d, I had the whole force united at Louisa Court House. From here I pushed a squadron of the 1st Maine, under Captain Tucker of that regiment, toward Gordonsville to find out the whereabouts of the enemy in that direction, as we knew that six or seven trains had passed up the evening previous loaded wpermit, we pushed on to Yanceyville, on the South Anna, and from there to Thompson's Cross-roads, ten miles lower down the river, where we arrived about 10 P. M., May 2d. At this point the James and South Anna rivers are less than 12 miles apart, and here I determined to make the most of my 3500 men in carrying out my previousl
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 3.25 (search)
e approaches to Fredericksburg. Hooker's headquarters at Chancellorsville, Saturday morning, May 2--the picture faces South. From a War-time sketch. On the morning of May 2d our line had beMay 2d our line had become strong enough to resist a front attack unless made in great force; the enemy had also been hard at work on his front, particularly that section of it between the Plank road and turnpike. Sedgwicut Sedgwick was already across the river and three miles below Fredericksburg. It was 11 P. M., May 2d, when he got the order, and twelve or fourteen miles had to be marched over by daylight. The nitually saved this wing from utter annihilation. Staying Jackson's advance, Saturday evening, May 2, with artillery placed across the Plank road. From a War-time sketch. At about 5 A. M., Ma Some of the most anomalous occurrences of the war took place in this campaign. On the night of May 2d the commanding general, with 80,000 men in his wing of the army, directed Sedgwick, with 22,000,
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The successes and failures of Chancellorsville. (search)
ken from General Sedgwick at Fredericksburg, and at 2 o'clock on the morning of May 2d the First Corps was also ordered up to Chancellorsville, leaving Sedgwick with s of his failure to give the Army of the Potomac a crushing blow. On the 2d day of May the right of the Army of the Potomac was the Eleventh Corps, in the woods n position in the rear and flank from the east. Throughout the morning of the 2d of May, attacks were made on different portions of our line from the east to the wesorrect, and that Lee had adopted a plan to carry it out. In the afternoon of May 2d General Sickles, commanding the Third Corps, sent in word that the enemy were r Hazel Grove from the Furnace between half-past 9 and ten on the night of the 2d of May. Some of his troops had fighting in the woods before I left, but I am unableHooker would have done if he had not been disabled. Up to the evening of the 2d of May the enemy had suffered severely, while the Army of the Potomac had comparativ
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 3.27 (search)
The charge of the eighth Pennsylvania cavalry. extracted by permission and condensed from a true history of the charge of the 8th Pennsylvania cavalry at Chancellorsville, by Pennock Huey, Philadelphia, 1885.--editors. I. By Pennock Huey, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V. Just as we reached Hazel Grove, at Scott's Run Crossing, at half-past 6 o'clock P. M., May 2d, a staff-officer rode up in a state of great excitement and reported to General Sickles that the enemy had flanked General Howard's corps, and that he had been sent for a regiment of General Pleasonton's cavalry. General Sickles immediately ordered General Pleasonton to send a regiment. General Pleasonton then ordered me to report with my regiment as quickly as possible to General Howard, whom I would probably find near the old Wilderness church. There were no other orders given to me or to any officer of my regiment. General Huey was at this time Major (afterward Colonel) of the 8th Pennsylvania cavalry, an
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The Eleventh Corps at Chancellorsville. (search)
y aide, Major Charles H. Howard, assisted in connecting them between divisions, and during the 2d of May that fearless and faithful staff-officer, Major E. Whittlesey, rode the entire circuit of thei of Hooker's five corps, and Reynolds's, which was not far behind, was, on tile morning of the 2d of May, about 90,000 effectives. The right corps, the Eleventh, had in all, artillery and infantry, an interval between its ominous crashing discharges. In some such manner came on that battle of May 2d to the watchers at Dowdall's Tavern and Talley's farm-house. The first distant symptom occurr Positions of the 12th Corps and part of the 3d Corps, covering the Chancellorsville plateau, May 2 and 3. I next ordered a retreat to the edge of the forest toward Chancellorsville, so as toJackson stood head and shoulders above his confreres, and after his death General Lee could not replace him. Rescuing the wounded on Sunday, May 2d, from the burning woods. From a War-time sketch.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Stonewall Jackson's last battle. (search)
nd began the disposition of his forces to attack Howard. Rodes's division, at the head of the column, was thrown into line of battle, with Colston's forming the second line and A. P. Hill's the third, while the artillery under Colonel Stapleton Crutchfield moved in column on the road, or was parked in a field on the right. The well-trained skirmishers of Rodes's division, under Major Eugene Blackford, were thrown to the front. It must have been between 5 and 6 o'clock in the evening, Saturday, May 2d, when these dispositions were completed. Upon his stout-built, long-paced little sorrel, General Jackson sat, with visor low over his eyes and lips compressed, and with his watch in his hand. Upon his right sat General Robert E. Rodes, the very picture of a soldier, and every inch all that he appeared. Upon the right of Rodes sat Major Blackford. Are you ready, General Rodes? said Jackson. Yes, sir! said Rodes, impatient for the advance. You can go forward then, said Jacks
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Hooker's comments on Chancellorsville. (search)
d it that I had eighty chances in a hundred to win. To make sure that everything was firm and strong, very early on the 2d of May, the first day of the battle, I rode along the whole line, and personally examined every part, suggesting some changes tward, and that he was taking the precautions necessary to resist an attack from the west. headquarters, 11th Corps, May 2d, 10 minutes to 11 o'k [10:50 A. M.]Maj.-Genl. Hooker, Comd'g Army. General: From Gen. Devens's headquarters we can obsxceptions, no change was made in the position occupied by the corps. The losses suffered by my division in the action of May 2d were very severe in proportion to my whole effective force. I had 15 officers killed, 23 wounded, and 15 missing, and 10ss with abuse and insult beyond measure. We have borne as much as human nature can endure. I am far from saying that on May 2d everybody did his duty to the best of his power. But one thing I will say, because I know it: these men are no cowards
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Sedgwick at Fredericksburg and Salem Heights. (search)
o be allowed to examine the grounds, and did so during the afternoon, and at night came to Lee and said he thought he (Lee) was right; it would be inexpedient to attack them. Move then, said Lee, at dawn to-morrow, up to Anderson. Sickles's and Reynolds's corps having subsequently been ordered to Chancellorsville by Hooker, Sedgwick was left alone below Fredericksburg with about 24,000 men, the Sixth Corps being by several thousand the largest in the army. During the evening of the 2d of May Hooker sent word to Sedgwick to take up his line on the Chancellorsville road and attack and destroy any forces he might meet. He also added that he (Sedgwick) would probably fall upon the rear of Lee's forces, and between them they would use Lee up. If Hooker thought an insignificant force was in Sedgwick's front, the engagement soon to take place showed how mistaken he was. Sedgwick received the order about 11 o'clock at night. He at once advanced his command to the Bowling Green road
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's knowledge of Hooker's movements. (search)
if a real attempt is made to cross the river it will be above Fredericksburg. Very respectfully, R. E. Lee, General The letter was indorsed by Jackson, Respectfully referred to General Colston for his guidance. It was also marked confidential, and both the front and the back of the envelope were marked private, so that not even my adjutant-general should open it in case of my absence. The Federal writers have wondered why Jackson's corps did not complete its work on the evening of May 2d. They do not realize the condition of our troops after their successful charge on Howard. We had forced our way through brush so dense that the troops were nearly stripped of their uniforms. Brigades, regiments, and companies had become so mixed that they could not be handled; besides which the darkness of evening was so intensified by the shade of the dense woods that nothing could be seen a few yards off. The halt at that time was not a mistake, but a necessity. So far from intending t
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces in the Chancellorsville campaign. (search)
S., Lieut. Robert Clarke; E, 4th U. S., Lieut. Samuel S. Elder. The casualties in the Union forces during the campaign were as follows:  Killed.Wounded.Captured or Missing.Total. Germanna Ford, April 2914 5 Franklin's Crossing, April 29--May 2218 20 Fitzhugh's Crossing, April 29--May 2191449172 Stoneman's Raid, Apl. 29--May 1147139150 Old Wilderness Tavern, April 3011 2 Chancellorsville, April 30 3 3 Spotsylvania C. H., April 303123651 Rapidan Station, May 11142439 ChancellorsviMay 2191449172 Stoneman's Raid, Apl. 29--May 1147139150 Old Wilderness Tavern, April 3011 2 Chancellorsville, April 30 3 3 Spotsylvania C. H., April 303123651 Rapidan Station, May 11142439 Chancellorsville, May 1--610826849421412,145 Fredericksburg, or Marye's and Salem Heights, May 3, 4493271014974,700   Grand total16069762591917,287 According to the returns for April 30, 1863 ( Official Records, Vol. XXV., Pt. II., p. 320), the effective strength of Hooker's army was, in round numbers, about 130,000, distributed as follows: Infantry, 111,000; cavalry, 11,000; and artillery, 8000, with 404 pieces of the l
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