such impressive circumstances that the sentiments were indelibly inscribed on my mind.
I at once placed myself in front of my command and had bayonets fixed; I explained to them the character of our work and perilous position of our army.
The works are only one hundred yards distant, said Captain Jones—a fortunate mistake.
They were, in point of fact, two hundred yards distant.
For twenty-three years my impression and belief was that the works were about one hundred yards distant. In June of 1888 I visited the ground and carefully noted it. To my amazement I discovered that the distance was double what I would have sworn it was. So surprised was I at this discovery I asked several of my comrades who were in the charge what was their recollection as to the distance, and found that several of them, like myself, thought the distance only one hundred yards.
The enemy can fire but one volley before the works are reached.
A timely reminder was this, as, whilst advising the men
Men were tied, hand and feet, and had to stand on a barrel for hours; others were bound and dipped head foremost in a urine barrel—all this for some trifling offence, such as getting water from a prohibited well, stealing perhaps something eatable, or some other small affair.
But most things, whether good or bad, will come to an end. More than two months had passed since Lee's surrender.
The Confederacy was no more, and then the Federal Government took courage.
About the middle of June it commenced to release those that were still living, but, in consequence of the inhuman treatment they had received, too feeble to fight again.
Then we were duly sworn not to fight them again, to support the Constitution and amendments.
Also registering our good looks, weight, height, &c., and getting our signatures made us free men again.
Went to the pen.
Having thus been properly whitewashed, we were sent to the pen for paroled prisoners.
This was an enclosed space adjoining the h
rps and a number of garrisons and bridge guards from Tennessee and Kentucky that had been relieved by one-hundred-day men.
Fought every day.
I am blamed for not fighting.
Operations commenced about the 6th of May.
I was relieved on the 18th of July.
In that time we fought daily, always under circumstances so favorable to us as to make it certain that the sum of the enemy's losses was five times ours, which was ten thousand.
Northern papers represented theirs up to about the end of June at forty-five thousand.
Sherman's progress was at the rate of a mile and a quarter a day. Had this style of fighting been allowed to continue is it not clear that we would soon have been able to give battle with abundant chances of victory?
and that the enemy, beaten on this side of the Chattahoochee would have been destroyed?
Sherman's Army stronger.
It was ceriain that Sherman's army was stronger compared with that of Tennessee, than Grant's compared with that of Northern Virginia.