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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces at the beginning of Grant's campaign against Richmond. (search)
ge Stetzel. Artillery: 8th N. Y. (section), Lieut. Peter Morton. unattached troops: 1st U. S. Colored Cav., Maj. Harvey W. Brown; 2d U. S. Colored Cav., Col. George W. Cole; 13th Co. Mass. Heavy Art'y (pontoniers), Capt. John Pickering, Jr. The effective strength of the Union army in the Wilderness is estimated at 118,000 of all arms. The losses of this army (including those sustained by the reenforcements received at Spotsylvania and Smith's corps at Cold Harbor), from May 5th to June 15th, were as follows: battles, etc. Killed.Wounded. Captured or Missing.Total. The Wilderness224612,0373383 17,666 Spotsylvania272513,416 225818,399 North Anna and Totopotomoy 5912,734 6613,986 Cold Harbor and Bethesda Church 18449,077 181612,737 Sheridan's first expedition64337 224625 Sheridan's second expedition150741 6251516 Grand total from the Wilderness to the James7620 38,3428967 54,929 During the same period Butler's army on the James River line numbered at its maximum a
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Cold Harbor. (search)
same reason did not intend to open fire unless the fire provoked by the other corps reached his lines. Wright adopted the same rule of action. Twelve o'clock came, and the summer night continued undisturbed. Thus things went on until the 15th of June. Preparations had been made in the meantime for the abandonment of the position and the withdrawal of the army to another line of operations. Yet the summer had scarcely begun. The army was withdrawn successfully and skillfully, and, crossi peninsula, also suggested by McClellan, had been approved as a compromise. But the plan of an overland march to Richmond, while protected navigable waters within our control led to the very door, was fully tried between the 3d of May and the 15th of June and had failed. Whether the failure was due to faults inherent in the plan, or the belief upon the part of the Lieutenant-General that the Army of the Potomac had never been fought to its utmost in previous campaigns, or to the system, new to
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Operations South of the James River. (search)
nt front, and was therefore compelled to retire with the captured prisoners, and returned to Bermuda Hundred, where we arrived after dark. Shortly after this affair General Gillmore was relieved from the command of the Tenth Corps. On the 15th of June, the Eighteenth Corps under Genera: W. F. Smith having rejoined Butler, after its detachment to Cold Harbor, another effort was made to take Petersburg, with this difference in the plan, that while the cavalry should distract the enemy as muchletely surrounded. The loss of the division in this remarkable raid was about five hundred in killed, wounded, and missing, quite one-fourth of the command. The official table prepared in the War Department shows the loss of the division from June 15th to 30th, inclusive, to have been 48 killed, 153 wounded, and 429 captured or missing = 630. In his official report of the operations of June 28th and 29th General Wade Hampton says: The pursuit of the enemy, which ended near Peters's bri
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 11.81 (search)
General Lee finally said that he had already issued orders for the return of Hoke's division; that he would do all he could to aid me, and even come himself should the necessity arise. The Confederate forces opposed to Smith's corps on the 15th of June consisted of the 26th, 34th, and 46th Virginia regiments, the 64th Georgia, the 23d South Carolina, Archer's militia, Battle's and Wood's battalions, Sturdivant's battery, Dearing's small command of cavalry, and some other transient forces, hauda Hundred, Butler's forces drove off the Confederate pickets left there, as already stated, and took full possession of the lines. It is clear, from the preceding narrative, that no troops from General Lee's army were at Petersburg on the 15th of June, despite the assertions of a few writers to that effect, among whom, strange to say, is Mr. Davis himself. It is true that Hoke's division had been sent from Drewry's Bluff at that date, and had arrived late in the evening and been placed in
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces at Petersburg and Richmond: December 31st, 1864. (search)
rson. According to the official returns the effective force of the armies operating against Petersburg and Richmond, from June to December, 1864, was as follows: date.Cavalry.Artillery. Infantry.Total. June 30th14,0448,005 85,370107,419 July 31st8,5598,952 59,81077,321 August 31st5,8277,200 45,89658,923 September 30th6,7998,85861,118 76,775 October 31st 6,2957,50871,24385,046 November 30th 8,5547,96470,20586,723 December 31st9,974 9,58290,808110,364 The total losses from June 15th to December 31st, 1864, were as follows: month.Killed.Wounded. Captured or Missing.Total. June2,0139,9354,62116,569 July9153,8081,6446,367 August8764,1515,96910,996 September6443,5032,8717,018 October5282,9462,0945,568 November57258108423 December66278269613 Aggregate5,09924,87917,57647,554 The Confederate Army. some of the regimental and battery commanders mentioned were not in actual command on December 31st. General Robert E. Lee. Provost Guard, etc.: 1st Va. Batt'
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Closing operations in the James River. (search)
f the fleet. The Confederate squadron, powerful as it was, was unequal to coping with the five Federal iron-clads. In view, however, of the overwhelming importance of the river as a base of operations and means of communication, General Grant had determined that he would not take the chances of a naval contest for its control, and he had previously ordered General Butler to procure and sink a number of hulks in the channel at Trent's Reach. The obstructions were put in position between the 15th and 18th of June, and the operations of the fleet for the remainder of the summer were confined to desultory engagements with batteries at various points along the base of the army. In July and August these engagements occurred with great frequency. Once on the 21st of June, soon after the sinking of the obstructions, the Confederate squadron came down below Dutch Gap, and in conjunction with the battery at Howlett's made an ineffectual demonstration — the only occasion during the year 1864