Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for July 3rd or search for July 3rd in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bank of the United States. (search)
nd renewed his objections. At the close of 1831 the proper officers of the bank petitioned, for the first time, for the renewal of its charter. The petition was presented in the Senate Jan. 9, 1832, and on March 13 a select committee, to whom it was referred, reported in favor of renewing the charter for fifteen years. Long debates ensued, and finally a bill for rechartering the bank passed both Houses of Congress — the Senate on June 11, by 28 against 20, and the House of Representatives. July 3, by a vote of 107 against 85. The President vetoed it, and as it failed to receive the constitutional vote of two-thirds of both Houses, the bank charter expired by limitation in 1836. The commercial community, regarding such an institution as essential to their prosperity, were alarmed, and prophecies of panics and business revulsions, everywhere uttered, helped to accomplish their own speedy fulfilment. Again, in his annual message (December. 1832), Jackson's hostility to the bank was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cervera y Topeto, Pascual De, Conde De Jerez, Marquis De Santa Ana (search)
898 he was given command of the fleet sent to operate in Cuban waters. After Hobson and his companions, who sunk the collier at the entrance of Santiago Harbor, were captured by the Spaniards, they were handsomely treated by Admiral Cervera till regularly exchanged. When the admiral received orders to attempt an escape from the harbor of Santiago he saw and reported the hopelessness of such an undertaking, yet when peremptory orders were received he did not hesitate to act upon them. The result was one of the most thrilling naval encounters in history, ending in the destruction of all his ships, on July 3. After his surrender his dignified bearing and high qualities as a naval officer, together with the remembrance of his kind treatment of Hobson and his companions, prompted marks of exceptional consideration from the United States authorities between the time of his surrender and his departure for Spain. See Cuba; Santiago De Cuba; Sampson, William Thomas; Schley, Winfield Scott.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
yed the type. The people of Providence, R. I., were in favor of the Constitution, and were preparing to celebrate its ratification on July 4, with other ceremonies appropriate to the day, when 1,000 men, some of them armed, headed by a judge of the Supreme Court, came in from the country, and compelled the citizens to omit in the celebration anything favorable to the Constitution. A more violent collision took place in Albany. The friends of the Constitution celebrated its ratification on July 3, the opponents at the same time burning it. Both parties united in celebrating the 4th, but dined at different places. After dinner the Federalists formed a new procession, and when they were passing the headquarters of the anti-Federal party a quarrel occurred, followed by a fight, in which clubs and stones, swords and bayonets, were freely used, to the injury of several persons. There was much asperity of feeling everywhere exhibited. The following is the text of the national Constitu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dinwiddie, Robert, 1690-1770 (search)
s was marching to intercept him. He wisely fell back to the Great Meadows, where he erected a stockade, and called it Fort Necessity. Before it was completed, a few of his troops attacked an advanced party of the enemy under Jumonville in the night, and the commander and several of his men were killed. Some of his captured men were sent to Governor Dinwiddie. Reinforced, Washington marched for Fort Duquesne again, but was driven back to Fort Necessity, which he was obliged to surrender on July 3. See necessity, Fort. Dinwiddie was the first to suggest to the British board of trade the taxing of the colonies (1754) for funds to carry on the war with the French and Indians; and he was one of the five colonial governors who memorialized Parliament (1755) in favor of the measure. He had much clashing and vexation with the House of Burgesses; and worn out with trouble and age, he left Virginia under a cloud caused by a charge made by his enemies that he had appropriated to his own
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gettysburg, battle of. (search)
e struggle. Then the Confederates fell back, and the right was made secure. Now Ewell was repulsed on the right, and Round Top, on the left, was impregnable; so Lee determined to strike Meade's centre with a force that should crush it. At noon (July 3) he had 145 cannon in battery along the line occupied by Longstreet and Hill. All night General Hunt, of the Nationals, had been arranging the artillery from Cemetery Hill to Little Round Top, where the expected blow would fall. Lee determined ailure; and on Sunday morning, July 5, his whole army was moving towards the Potomac. This battle, in its far-reaching effects, was the most important of the war. The National loss in men, from the morning of the 1st until the evening of the 3d of July, was reported by Meade to be 23,186, of whom 2,834 were killed, 13,709 wounded, and 6,643 missing. Lee's loss was probably about 30,000. The battle-ground is now the National Soldiers' Cemetery, nearly all of the Confederate dead having been
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison's Landing, (search)
Harrison's Landing, An important point about 5 miles below the mouth of the Appomattox River, on the right bank of the James. The landing was one of the best on the James, and was made the chief depot of supplies of the Army of the Potomac while it lay there in the summer of 1862, and where it suffered great mortality from malarial fevers. There the commander-in-chief called for reinforcements, reporting, on July 3, that he had not over 50,000 men with their colors. The President, astounded, went to Harrison's Landing, and found the army greatly disheartened. He found the army 40,000 stronger than the commander had erroneously reported, but was unable to get a reply to his question, Where are the 75,000 men yet missing? It was found that 34,000 men, or more than three-fifths of the army reported on the 3d, were absent on furloughs. The general soon afterwards reported 88.665 present and fit for duty; absent by authority, 34,472; absent without authority, 3,778; sick, 16,619
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holidays, legal. (search)
a. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, March 4, May 30, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25. Florida. Jan. 1 and 19, Feb. 22, Arbor Day, April 26, June 3, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25, general election. Georgia. Jan. 1 and 19, Feb. 22, April 26, June 3, July 4, first Monday in September,3, July 4, first Monday in September, any Thanksgiving Day, first Friday in December, Dec. 25. Idaho. Same as Arizona. Also Friday after May 1. Omitting May 30. Illinois. Jan. 1, Feb. 12 and 22, May 30, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25, election day. Indiana. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, public fast, May 30, July 4, first Monday in Seg and Fast days, Dec. 25. Vermont. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, May 30, July 4, Aug. 16, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25. Virginia. Jan. 1 and 19, Feb. 22, Fast Day, June 3, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25. Washington. Jan. 1, Feb. 12 and 22, Decoration Day, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, De
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), John Adams, the (search)
of the Adams (Capt. Charles .Morris) observed twenty-five merchant vessels, with two ships-of-war, bearing down upon her with a fair wind. Morris abandoned his prize, and gave the Adams wings for flight from danger. In April she entered the harbor of Savannah for supplies, and on May 5 sailed for the Manila Reef to watch for the Jamaica convoy, but the fleet passed her in the night. She gave chase in the morning, but was kept at bay by two vessels of war. She crossed the Atlantic, and on July 3 was off the Irish coast, where she was chased by British vessels, but always escaped. For nearly two months the weather was foggy, cold, and damp, because the ocean was dotted with icebergs. Her crew sickened, and Captain Morris determined to go into port. He entered Penobscot Bay, and was nearly disabled by striking a rock, Aug. 17, 1814, and made his way up the Penobscot River to Hampden. British vessels followed, and to prevent her falling into the hands of his enemy, Morris burned he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kenesaw Mountains, action near (search)
ounded, and many prisoners. This struggle is known in history as the battle of the Kulp House. This repulse inspirited the Nationals. On June 27 they made a furious assault on the Confederate lines at two points south of Kenesaw, to break them, separate their forces, and destroy their army. The Nationals were repulsed, with an aggregate loss of about 3,000 men. Among the killed were Generals C. G. Harker and D. McCook, and many valuable officers of lower grade were wounded. The loss of the Confederates, behind their breastworks, was slight. Sherman now disposed his troops so as to seriously threaten Johnston's rear. Turner's Ferry across the Chattahoochee was menaced, and the intended effect was instantaneous. On the night of July 2 Johnston abandoned Kenesaw and all his intrenchments, and when, at dawn (July 3), the Nationals stood on the crest of that mountain, they saw the Confederates flying through and beyond Marietta towards the Chattahoochee, in the direction of Atlanta.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
Valley. He was struck by the Nationals at Snicker's Ferry and at Snicker's Gap, and sharp skirmishes ensued. At Ashby's Gap there was also a brisk skirmish, and in two encounters the Nationals lost about 500 men. Early moved up the valley as if continuing his retreat, when General Wright, handing his command over to General Crook, returned to Washington. Meanwhile General Averill, with a considerable force, moved towards Winchester, and near that place he fought the Confederates, July 20, three hours. They lost 400 men (about 200 of them made prisoners), with four guns. Averill's loss was about 200. It was supposed Early was moving up the valley, but Crook, marching from Harper's Ferry to Winchester, soon afterwards encountered him in heavy force, and he was driven back, July 23, to Martinsburg, with a loss of 1,200 men. Early sent 3,000 cavalry, under General McCausland, to make a plundering and devastating raid in the direction of the Susquehanna. They swept over the country
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