Browsing named entities in Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore). You can also browse the collection for July 4th or search for July 4th in all documents.

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Doc. 1.-Military measures of Congress. No. 1. employment of volunteers. In pursuance of the Proclamation of the President, of the fifteenth of April, 1861, the Thirty-seventh Congress assembled on the fourth of July. On the sixth, Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, Chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, agreeably to notice given on the first day of the session, introduced into the Senate the following bills and joint resolution: A bill to authorize the employment of volunteers to aid in enforcing the laws and protecting public property; A bill to increase the present military establishment of the United States; A bill providing for the better organization of the military establishment; A bill for the organization of a volunteer militia force, to be called the National Guard of the United States; and A joint resolution to ratify and confirm certain acts of the President for the suppression of insurrection and rebellion. These bills and this joint resolut
hen, disgusted with rebeldom, as he laid himself down to seek some repose. There he lay, stretched on the floor, perhaps without a blanket, and a stick of wood for a pillow. There he lay down to repose. Next he made a discovery, and that was, that there was one of those great graybacks at work, about as big as a large grain of wheat. We understood the grayback process pretty well. The Castle Thunder poetry said that the lice were so big that they themselves became lousy. On the fourth day of July we determined, in Libby Prison, to have a celebration, and by odds and ends and scraps among the officers then in Libby Prison, we gathered together material enough to make a Union flag--the stars and stripes. We had to make it very secretly. We then appointed our committees, and had correspondents, one from one of the Cincinnati papers, and one from the New York Tribune. We had men of talent, and we drew up a set of resolutions, and had everything in readiness in one of the upper r
but assigned no reason for it. In accordance with this agreement, the garrison was surrendered at ten o'clock A. M., and the Federal forces immediately took possession of our works and placed guards in the city. If it should be asked why the Fourth of July was selected for the day of the surrender, the answer is obvious. I believed that on that day I should obtain better terms. Well aware of the Vanity of our foes, I knew they would attach vast importance to the entrance on the Fourth of JulyFourth of July into the stronghold of the great river, and that, to gratify their national vanity, they would yield then what could not be extorted from them at any other time. This question of time was also discussed by my General officers in council and my views concurred in. The assertion that the surrender of Vicksburg was compelled by the want of subsistence, or that the garrison was starved out, is one entirely destitute of truth. There was at no time any absolute suffering for want of food among the
Your obedient servant, A. T. Hawthorne, Colonel, commanding Regiment. Report of General Marmaduke. headquarters Marmaduke's division, Jacksonport, Arkansas, July 25, 1863. To Major W. B. Blair, A. A. A. General, District of Arkansas: Major: I have the honor to report herewith the part taken by my command in the battle at Helena. I was ordered on the evening of the third of July to be in position, attack and take the fort on Reiter's Hill, at daylight on the morning of the fourth of July. My command, mounted, consisted of Shelby's brigade, about one thousand one hundred men, and Greene's brigade, six hundred and fifty men, total one thousand seven hundred and fifty men. At ten o'clock P. M., July third, I marched to get into position; when three miles from the fort I dismounted my whole force except one company, under Major Elliott. I then moved forward. When within two miles of the fort, I found the road and country thoroughly obstructed, the enemy having choppe