Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for July 12th or search for July 12th in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, John Quincy, 1767- (search)
guard and protect and defend them all. On the contrary, that same assembly which issued the Declaration of Independence, instead of continuing, to act in the name and by the authority of the good people of the United States, had, immediately after the appointment of the committee to prepare the Declaration, appointed another committee, of one member from each colony. to prepare and digest the form of confederation to be entered into between the colonies. That committee reported on the 12th of July, eight days after the Declaration of Independence had been issued, a draft of Articles of Confederation between the colonies. This draft was prepared by John Dickinson, then a delegate from Pennsylvania, who voted against the Declaration of Independence, and never signed it, having been superseded by a new election of delegates from the State eight days after this draught was reported. There was thus no congeniality of principle between the Declaration of Independence and the Articles
express, as early as June 30—two days before it reached Hull. The latter pressed forward, and encamped near Detroit on July 5. The British were then casting up intrenchments at Sandwich on the opposite side of the Detroit River. There Hull awaited further orders from his government. His troops, impatient to invade Canada, had evinced a mutinous spirit, when he received orders to commence operations immediately, and, if possible, take possession of Fort Malden. At dawn on the morning of July 12, the greater part of his troops had crossed the Detroit River, and were on Canadian soil. Hull issued a proclamation to the Canadians, assuring them of protection in case they remained quiet. Many of the Canadian militia deserted the British standard. Hull advanced towards Malden (July 13). After a successful encounter with British and Indians he fell back to Sandwich, without attacking Malden. His troops were disappointed and mutinous. Then information came of the capture of MacKINAWi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, (search)
gly in Grant's rear. Sherman had pushed out to press him back. Grant sent Sherman reinforcements, giving that leader an army 50,000 strong. With these he crossed the Big Black River, during a great drought. In dust and great heat the thirsty men and animals went on to Jackson, Johnston retiring before them and taking position behind his breastworks there. Sherman invested Jackson, July 10, each flank resting on the Pearl River. He planted 100 cannon on a hill, and opened on the city, July 12; but his trains being behind, his scanty ammunition was soon exhausted. In the assault, General Lauman pushed his troops too near the Confederate works, and in the course of a few minutes 500 of his men were killed or wounded by sharp-shooters and the grape and canister from twelve cannon. Two hundred of his men were made prisoners. Under cover of a fog, Johnston made a sortie, July 13, but with no beneficial result, and on the night of July 16-17 he withdrew with his 25,000 men, hurried
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lee, Robert Edward 1807- (search)
General Lee began a retreat for Virginia on the night of the 5th, having previously sent forward his enormous wagon-trains and sick and wounded men. Sedgwick's corps and Kilpatrick's cavalry were sent in pursuit. Sedgwick overtook the Confederate rear-guard at a pass in the South Mountain range, but was recalled, and the whole army, having rested, were put in motion for a flank movement through the lower passes of South Mountain. But the movement was so tardy that when Meade overtook Lee (July 12) he was strongly intrenched on the banks of the Potomac, near Williamsport, waiting for a flood in the river, caused by recent rains, to subside. While Meade was preparing to attack Lee, the latter escaped over the river. General Hill's rear-guard had been struck by Kilpatrick, and lost 125 men killed and 1,500 made prisoners. Kilpatrick's loss was 105 men. Thus ended, in utter discomfiture and repulse, Lee's second formidable invasion of Maryland. Lee's final struggle. While the C
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacKENZIEenzie, Sir Alexander 1755-1820 (search)
MacKENZIEenzie, Sir Alexander 1755-1820 Explorer; born in Inverness. Scotland, about 1755; was early engaged in the fur-trade in Canada. He set out to explore the vast wilderness northward in June, 1789, having spent a year previously in England studying astronomy and navigation. At the western part of the Great Slave Lake he entered a river in an unexplored wilderness, and gave his name to it. Its course was followed until July 12, when his voyage was terminated by ice and he returned to his place of departure, Fort Chippewayan. He had reached lat. 69° 1′ N. In October, 1792, He crossed the continent to the Pacific Ocean, which he reached in July, 1793, in lat. 51° 21′ N. He returned, went to England, and published (1801) Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Lawrence, through the continent of North America, to the frozen and Pacific oceans, in the years 1789 and 1793, with excellent maps. He was knighted in 1802, and died in Dalhousie, Scotland, March 12,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nicaragua. (search)
invitation of the Liberal party in Nicaragua. War began on March 20, when the Costa Ricans marched into Nicaragua. Walker gained a victory in a battle, April 11, and became extremely arrogant. He levied a forced loan on the people in support of his power. Rivas, becoming disgusted with this gray-eyed man of destiny, as his admirers called him, left the presidency and proclaimed against Walker. Walker became his successor in office, June 24, and was inaugurated President of Nicaragua on July 12. So the first grand act of a conspiracy against the life of a weak neighbor was accomplished. The government at Washington hastened to acknowledge the independence of the new nation, and Walker's ambassador, in the person of Vijil, a Roman Catholic priest, was cordially received by President Pierce and his cabinet. So strengthened, Walker ruled with a high hand, and by his interference with trade offended commercial nations. The other Central American states combined against him, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
off the harbor of Santiago on the morning of July 11, while the fleet there gathered was still bombarding the works near Santiago Harbor. I immediately communicated with Admiral Sampson, apprising him of my purpose, and he promptly came on board the Yale. I at once acquainted him with my plan of operation, in which he cordially acquiesced and signified his readiness to support me heartily in carrying it out. As soon as the necessary arrangements could be made for that purpose, I landed on July 12, and proceeded to General Shafter's headquarters. A note was then sent to the general commanding the Spanish forces, informing him of my arrival and that I desired to have an immediate conference with him between the lines, to which he readily assented, fixing the time at twelve o'clock on the ensuing day. Already, before leaving Washington, I had been made aware of the appearance of yellow fever among our troops in Cuba and the serious situation which that fact presented. On arriving