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ned for raising ten more regiments, they were organized with the same energy which had already given Massachusetts an unquestioned superiority in promptness of organization at the outbreak of the war. Viii. The early major-generals. On May 16, 1861, before any battle had taken place, the United States government began its appointment of major-generals of volunteers; and as all three of the appointments of that date were from civil life, The next one was that of Gen. David Hunter (August 13), and the next that of Gen. E. A. Hitchcock (Feb. 10, 1862), both these being West Point graduates. and as two of these were from Massachusetts, the seniority thus established had an important and not always a favorable bearing on the position of Massachusetts in the war. The senior officer of the three, Gen. John A. Dix, had in early life served for sixteen years in the regular army and had risen to the rank of captain, but General Banks and General Butler had had only the slight experien