Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for August 20th or search for August 20th in all documents.

Your search returned 17 results in 17 document sections:

1 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chattanooga, abandonment of. (search)
Chattanooga, abandonment of. In 1863 the Army of the Cumberland, under Rosecrans, after crossing the Cumberland Mountains in pursuit of the Confederates under Bragg, was stretched along the Tennessee River from a point above Chattanooga 100 miles westward. Rosecrans determined to cross that stream at different points, and, closing around Chattanooga, attempts to crush or starve the Confederate army there. General Hazen was near Harrison's, above Chattanooga (Aug. 20). He had made slow marches, displaying camp-fires at different points, and causing the fifteen regiments of his command to appear like the advance of an immense army. On the morning of Aug. 21 National artillery under Wilder, planted on the mountain-side across the river, opposite Chattanooga, sent screaming shells over that town and among Bragg's troops. The latter was startled by a sense of immediate danger; and when, soon afterwards, Generals Thomas and McCook crossed the Tennessee with their corps and took p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cherokee Indians, (search)
State open to invasion. False rumors continually disturbed them. Their neighbors, and the wild tribes on their borders, were rallying to the standard of the Confederates. The National troops in Missouri could not check the rising insurrection there. The chief men of the Cherokees held a mass-meeting at Tahlequah in August, when, with great unanimity, they declared their allegiance to the Confederate States. Ross still held out, but was finally compelled to yield. At a council held on Aug. 20, he recommended the severance of the connection with the national government. Ross's wife, a young and well-educated woman, still held out; and when an attempt was made to raise a Confederate flag over the council-house, she opposed the act with so much spirit that the Confederates desisted. During the Civil War the Cherokees suffered much. The Confederates would not trust Ross, for his Union feelings were very apparent. When, in 1862, they were about to arrest him, he and his family
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederation, articles of (search)
Confederation, articles of In July, 1775, Dr. Franklin submitted to the Continental Congress a plan of government for the colonies, to exist until the war then begun with Great Britain should cease. It was not acted upon. On July 12, 1776, a committee, appointed on July 11, reported, through John Dickinson, of Pennsylvania, a draft of Articles of Confederation. Almost daily debates upon it continued until Aug. 20, when the report was laid aside, and was not called up for consideration until April 8, 1777. Meanwhile several of the States had adopted constitutions for their respective governments, and the Congress was practically acknowledged the supreme head in all matters appertaining to war, public finances, etc., and was exercising the functions of sovereignty. From April 8 until Nov. 15 ensuing, the subject was debated two or three times a week, and several amendments were made. On Nov. 15, 1777, after a spirited debate, daily, for a fortnight, a plan of government, k
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Contreras, battle of (search)
conflict continued about six hours. At the moment when some Mexican cavalry were preparing for a charge, General Scott arrived at the scene of conflict, and ordered up General Shields with reinforcements. The Mexicans everywhere fought bravely and desperately. When night fell, the wearied Americans lay down and slept in the ravines and among the rocks on the verge of the battle-field, expecting to renew the contest in the morning. Generals Scott and Worth started early the next morning (Aug. 20) from St. Augustine for Contreras, and were met on the way by a courier with the good news that the enemy's camp was captured. The battle had been begun at sunrise by Smith's division. While Generals Shields and Pierce had kept Santa Ana's reserve at bay, Smith's troops had marched towards the works in the darkness and gained a position, unobserved, behind the crest of a hill near the Mexican works. Springing up suddenly from their hiding-place, they delivered deadly volleys in quick suc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De long, George Washington, 1844- (search)
sh explorer. Sailing northward the vessel was caught in the pack-ice, Sept. 5, 1879, off Herald Island, and, after drifting 600 miles to the northwest in a devious course, was crushed by the ice, June 13, 1881. Thus Lieutenant-Commander De Long and his crew were adrift in the Arctic Sea 150 miles from the New Siberian Islands and more than 300 miles from the nearest point of the mainland of Asia. With his party he started southward, and on July 28, 1881, arrived at Bennett Island, and on Aug. 20 at Thaddeus Island, from which place they travelled in boats. De Long, with fourteen others out of his crew of thirty-three, reached the main mouth of the Lena River, Sept. 17, having travelled about 2,800 miles, and landing on the mainland about 500 miles from their ship. With his men he proceeded as fast as he could until Oct. 9, when it became impossible to travel farther owing to the debility of the men. The party had separated into three branches, one commanded by De Long, the second
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Groveton, battle of. (search)
ver to the vicinity of Washington. The commander of that army instructed Halleck that the true defence of Washington was on the banks of the James. The order was at once repeated, but it was twenty days after it Map of the operations at Groveton. was first given before the transfer was accomplished. Meanwhile, General Lee having massed a heavy force on Pope's front, the latter had retired behind the forks of the Rappahannock. Lee pushed forward to that river with heavy columns, and on Aug. 20-21 a severe artillery duel was fought above Fredericksburg, for 7 or 8 miles along that stream. Finding they could not force a passage of the river, the Confederates took a circuitous route towards the mountains to flank the Nationals, when Pope made movements to thwart them. But danger to the capital increased every hour. Troops were coming with tardy pace from the Peninsula, and on the 25th, when those of Franklin, Heintzelman, and Porter had arrived, Pope's army, somewhat scattered
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hatteras, forts at. (search)
he coast of North Carolina, to guard the entrance to Hatteras Inlet, through which blockade-runners had begun to carry supplies to the Confederates. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, then in command at Fort Monroe, proposed sending a land and naval force against these forts. It was done. An expedition composed of eight transports and war-ships, under the command of Commodore Stringham, and bearing about 900 land-troops, under the command of General Butler, left Hampton Roads for Hatteras Inlet on Aug. 20. On the morning of the 28th the war-ships opened their guns on the forts (Hatteras and Clark). and some of the troops were landed. The warships of the expedition were the Minnesota (flag-ship), Pawnee, Harriet Lane, Monticello, Wabash, Cumberland, and Susquehanna. The condition of the surf made the landing difficult, and only about 300 men got on shore. The forts were under the command of the Confederate Maj. W. S. G. Andrews, and a small Confederate naval force, lying in Pamlico Sound,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Inundations. (search)
nor of Mississippi made a public appeal for help. 1883, February. Portions of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky were visited by a disastrous flood, which was most severe at Cincinnati, lasting several days. 1884, February. The Ohio River overflowed its banks, causing the loss of fifteen lives and rendering 5,000 people homeless. 1886, Jan. 5. Pennsylvania, New York, and several of the New England States were visited by floods, and great damage was done to property. 1886, Aug. 20. A storm in Texas was followed by a flood, which was particularly disastrous in Galveston, where twenty-eight lives were lost and property damaged to the extent of more than $5,000,000. 1889, May 31. The rising of the Conemaugh River, in Pennsylvania, under incessant rain, caused the breaking of the dam about 18 miles above Johnstown. The great mass of water rushed down to the city in seven minutes, and at the Pennsylvania Railroad bridge, near the city, it became dammed up, gre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jesuit missions. (search)
9 of the same year; then again in 1656, until Nov. 5; again there (third time) from Aug. 26, 1657, until May, 1658; at Onondaga, from July, 1661, until September, 1662; ordered to the Senecas in July, 1663, but remained at Montreal. He died in Canada in 1665. Francis Joseph Bressani, a prisoner among the Mohawks from April 30 to Aug. 19, 1644. Pierre Joseph Mary Chaumont, at Onondaga from September, 1655, until March 20, 1658. Joseph Anthony Poncet was a prisoner among the Iroquois from Aug. 20 to Oct. 3, 1652; started for Onondaga Aug. 28, 1657, but was recalled to Montreal. Rene Menard was with Le Mercier at Onondaga from 1656 to 1658, and afterwards among the Cayugas. Julien Garnier, sent to the Mohawks in May, 1668, passed to Onondaga, and thence to the Senecas, and was engaged in this mission until 1683. Claude Dablon, at Onondaga a few years after 1655, and was afterwards among the tribes of the Upper Lakes. Jacques Fremin, at Onondaga from 1656 to 1658; was sent to the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
there the army rested until August. Being reinforced, Scott then pushed on towards the capital. From that very spot on the lofty Cordilleras, Cortez first looked down upon the quiet valley of Mexico, centuries before. Scott now beheld that Battle of Churubusco. spacious panorama, the seat of the capital of the Aztecs—the Halls of the Montezumas. He pushed cautiously forward, and approached the stronghold before the city. The fortified camp of Contreras was taken by the Americans on Aug. 20. Then the strong fortress of San Antonio yielded the same day. The heights of Churubusco were attacked. Santa Ana advanced, and soon the whole region became one great battle-field. Churubusco was taken, and Santa Ana fled towards the capital. A Mexican army, 30,000 strong, had in a single day been broken up by another less than one-third its strength in number, and at almost every step the Americans were successful. Full 4,000 Mexicans were killed and wounded, 3,000 were made prisoners
1 2