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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
burg, Md. Jackson, by swift marches, had recrossed the Potomac and joined Lee on Antietam Greek. When the Confederates left South Mountain, McClellan's troops followed them. Lee's plans were thwarted, and he found himself compelled to fight. McClellan was very cautious, for he believed the Confederates were on his front in overwhelming numbers. It was ascertained that Lee's army did not number more than 60,000, McClellan's effective force was 87,000. McClellan's army was well in hand (Sept. 16), and Lee's was well posted on the heights near Sharpsburg, on the western side of Antietam Creek, a sluggish stream with few fords, spanned by four stone bridges. On the right of the National line were the corps of Hooker and Sumner. In the advance, and near the Antietam, General Richardson's division of Sumner's corps was posted. On a line with this was Sykes's (regular) division of Porter's corps. Farther down the stream was Burnside's corps. In front of Sumner and Hooker were batte
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chesapeake, (search)
unacquainted with the abilities of her officers and men; some of the former were sick or absent. His crew were almost mutinous because of disputes concerning prize-money, and many of them had only recently enlisted; besides, the feeling among the sailors that she was an unlucky ship was disheartening. The remains of Lawrence and Ludlow were conveyed to Salem, Mass., where funeral honors were paid to them on Aug. 23. Early in September they were conveyed to New York, and were deposited (Sept. 16) in Trinity church-yard. The corporation of the city of New York erected a marble monument to Lawrence, which becoming dilapidated, the vestry of Trinity Church erected a handsome mausoleum of brown freestone (1847), neat the southeast corner of Trinity Church, close by Broadway, in commemoration of both Lawrence and Ludlow, and eight trophy cannon were placed around it. Captain Lawrence's coat, chapeau, and sword are now in possession of the New Jersey Historical Society. The freedom o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, William Henry 1773-1812 (search)
merous as the trees. It was determined by a council of officers to strike the neighboring Indians with terror by a display of power. Harrison divided the army. One detachment of mounted dragoons, under Colonel Simrall, laid waste (Sept. 19, 1812) the Little Turtle's town on the Eel River, excepting the buildings erected by the United States for the then deceased chief on account of his friendship since the treaty of Greenville in 1794. Another detachment, under Col. S. Wells, was sent, Sept. 16, to destroy a Pottawattomie town on the Elkhart River, 60 miles distant; while Colonel Payne, with another detachment, laid in ashes a Miami village in the forks of the Wabash, and several other towns lower down that stream, with their corn-fields and gardens. General Winchester arrived at Harrison's camp on Sept. 18, when the latter resigned his command to that superior in rank. The troops almost mutinied, for they revered Harrison. The latter returned to St. Mary to collect the mount
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
bine, and made a peaceful arrangement that stopped the invasion. It was at this crisis that Burr's mysterious enterprise was undertaken. See Burr, Aaron. When Jackson returned to Mobile, Nov. 11, 1814, after driving the British from Pensacola, he received messages from New Orleans urging him to hasten to the defence of that city. The government officials did not give credit to Lafitte's revelations (see Lafitte, Jean), but the people did; and they held a large meeting in New Orleans (Sept. 16), where they were eloquently addressed by Edward Livingston (q. v.), who urged the inhabitants to make speedy preparations for repelling invasion. They appointed a committee of safety, composed of distinguished citizens of New Orleans, of which Livingston was chairman. Governor Claiborne, who also believed Lafitte's story, sent copies of the British papers to Jackson, then at Mobile. Then the latter issued a vigorous counterproclamation, and proceeded to break up the nest of motley enemi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philadelphia, (search)
and remained so for more than a quarter of a century after the establishment of State government in Pennsylvania in 1776. Writing to Lord Halifax from Philadelphia, Penn said, with righteous exultation, I must, without vanity, say I have led the greatest colony into America that ever any man did upon private credit, and the most prosperous beginnings that ever were in it are to be found among us. After the battle at the Brandywine, in 1777, Washington fell back to Philadelphia, and on Sept. 16 he recrossed the Schuylkill and marched against the advancing British. The armies met 20 miles from Philadelphia, and began to skirmish, when a violent storm of rain prevented the impending battle. Washington again retired across the Schuylkill, and, while manoeuvring to prevent Howe from crossing that river above him, the enemy crossed below him, and was thus placed between the American army and Philadelphia. Nothing but a battle and a victory could now save that city. Washington's tro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), President, the (search)
rance, and at dawn the President was chased by four British ships-of-war, two on her quarter and two astern. These were the Endymion, forty guns; Pomone, thirty-eight; Tenedos, thirty-eight, and Majestic, razeeZZZ, which had been blown off the coast by the gale. the President, deeply laden with stores for a long cruise, soon found the Endymion, Captain Hope, rapidly overtaking her. Decatur lightened his ship to increase her speed, but to little purpose. At three o'clock in the afternoon (Sept. 16) the Endymion came down with a fresh breeze, which the President did not feel, and opened her bow guns upon the latter, which she quickly returned. At five o'clock the Endymion gained an advantageous position and terribly bruised the President, while the latter could not bring a gun to bear on her antagonist. It was evident that the Endymion was endeavoring to gradually bring the President to an unmanageable wreck, and so secure a victory. Perceiving this, Decatur resolved to run down up
.April 20, 1894 Allen G. Thurman dies at Columbus......Dec. 12, 1895 The centenary of the settlement of Cleveland celebrated......July 22, 1896 Militia fires upon a lynching-party at Urbana, four persons killed......June 4, 1897 Coal-miners went on strike......July 2, 1897 [Ended by compromise Sept. 11.] Accident at Robinson's Opera-house in Cincinnati, thirty-five killed or injured......Oct. 15, 1897 Ex-Secretary of the Interior Jacob D. Cox dies at Oberlin......Aug. 4, 1900 Race riot at Akron......Aug. 22, 1900 John Sherman dies at Washington, D. C.......Oct. 22, 1900 Tom L. Johnson elected mayor of Cleveland......April 1, 1901 International Christian Endeavor convention meets at Cincinnati......July 6, 1901 President McKinley shot at Buffalo, Sept. 7; dies......Sept. 14, 1901 [Private funeral service in Buffalo, Sept. 16; the body lies in State at the Capitol, Washington, D. C., Sept. 18; the interment at Canton, O., Sept. 19.] Oklahoma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winchester, battles of (search)
,000 small-arms and 3,000 prisoners, including 700 sick and wounded. On Aug. 7, 1864, General Sheridan assumed the command of the Middle Division of the army, with his headquarters at Harper's Ferry. He spent a month in getting his forces well in hand for an aggressive campaign. Early tried to lure him up the valley, in order that he might flank him. Sheridan was too wary for him, and kept the entrance into Maryland closely guarded against Confederate raids. General Grant visited him (Sept. 16) to view the situation. Sheridan was anxious to begin offensive operations. The lieutenant-general had confidence in Sheridan, and, after deliberation, left him, with the laconic order, Go in! Sheridan and Early then confronted each other at Opequan Creek, a few miles east of Winchester. Sheridan watched his antagonist closely, and when, on Sept. 18, Early weakened his lines by sending half his army on a reconnaissance to Martinsburg (which Averill repulsed), Sheridan put his forces un