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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discovery of. (search)
t this southwest wind was by no means a settled one, and as it never blew strong enough to swell the sea, it would not serve to carry them back again through so great an extent of sea as they had now passed over. In spite of every argument used by the admiral, assuring them that the alterations in the wind were occasioned by the vicinity of the land, by which likewise the waves were prevented from rising, to any height, they were still dissatisfied and terrified. On Sunday the twenty-third of September, a brisk gale sprung up W. N. W. with a rolling sea, such as the people had wished for. Three hours before noon a turtle-dove was observed to fly over the ship; towards evening an alcatraz, a river fowl, and several white birds were seen flying about, and some crabs were observed among the weeds. Next day another alcatraz was seen and several small birds which came from the west. Numbers of small fishes were seen swimming about, some of which were struck with harpoons, as they wo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801 (search)
orm, and, disguised in citizen's dress, he crossed the river towards evening with a single attendant, passed through the American works at Verplanck's Point without suspicion, spent the night not far from the Croton River, and the next morning journeyed over the Neutral Ground on horseback, with a full expectation of entering New York before night. Arnold had furnished him with papers revealing the condition of the highland stronghold. At Tarrytown, 27 miles from the city, he was stopped (Sept. 23) and searched by three young militiamen, who, finding those papers concealed under the feet of Andre in his boot, took him to the nearest American post. The commander (Colonel Jameson) did not seem to comprehend the matter, and unwisely allowed Andre (who bore a pass from Arnold in which he was called John Anderson ) to send a letter to Arnold telling him of his detention. Washington returned from Hartford sooner than he expected. He rode over from Fishkill towards Arnold's quarters earl
natives of Cuba by the Spaniards (from an old print). revolution in the eastern and western provinces, although Jose Marti, its promoter, had been busy for several years previous secretly shipping arms to the island. As soon as the rebellion began the republic was again proclaimed, and the old flag of 1868, a triangular blue union with a single star and five stripes, three red and two white, was adopted. On Aug. 7, Gen. Bartolomo Masco was made President of the provisional government. On Sept. 23 the revolutionists proclaimed the independence of Cuba, established a permanent republican government, and adopted a constitution. Salvadore Cisneros Betancourt Captain-General's Palace, Havana. was proclaimed President, Gen. Maximo Gomez was made commander-in-chief, and Gen. Antonio Maceo was made lieutenantgeneral. The patriots were uniformly successful in the early engagements. During 1895 Spain sent 50,000 troops to the island. On Feb. 5, 1896, a resolution recommending that t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philip, King (search)
in ashes. On the same Sabbath-day Hadley, farther down the river, was attacked while the people were worshipping. A Defending a garrison House against attack. venerable-looking man, with white hair and beard, suddenly appeared, with a glittering sword, and led the people to a charge that dispersed the Indians, and then suddenly disappeared (see Goffe, William). Over other settlements the scourge swept mercilessly. Many valiant young men, under Captain Beers, were slain in Northfield (Sept. 23), and others— the flower of Essex —under Captain Lathrop, were butchered by 1,000 Indians near Deerfield. Encouraged by these successes, Philip now determined to attack Hatfield, the chief white settlement above Springfield. The Springfield Indians joined him, and with 1,000 warriors he fell upon the settlement (Oct. 29); but the English being prepared, he was repulsed with great loss. Alarmed, he moved towards Rhode Island, where the Narragansets, in violation of their treaty, receive
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
e Floridas to Spain if she takes them from Great Britain, provided the United States should enjoy the free navigation of the Mississippi River Sept. 17, 1779 Naval engagement off Flamborough Head, England; the Bon Homme Richard (American), Paul Jones commander, captures the British gun-ship Serapis Sept. 23, 1779 John Jay appointed minister to Spain, and John Adams to negotiate a peace with Great Britain Sept. 27, 1779 Siege of Savannah, Ga., by Americans and French, fails; Pulaski killedSept. 23-Oct. 9, 1779 A company of British regulars and four armed vessels in the Ogeechee River, Ga., surrenders to Colonel WhiteOct. 1, 1779 British evacuate Rhode Island Oct. 11-25, 1779 M. Gerard succeeded by the Chevalier de la Luzerne as minister from France to the United StatesNov. 17, 1779 American army winters at Morristown Dec., 1779 General Clinton sails from New York against Charleston Dec. 26, 1779 Washington reprimands General Arnold, by order of Congress, for misconduct char
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rodgers, John 1771-1838 (search)
hotly pursued. Owing to the perpetual daylight there, they were enabled to chase her for fully eighty hours. She finally escaped. Rodgers had got some supplies from two merchantmen which he had captured just before meeting the men-of-war, and he turned westward to intercept such vessels coming out of the Irish Channel. He soon afterwards met and captured these (July and August), and, after making a complete circuit of Ireland, he steered for the Banks of Newfoundland. Towards evening, Sept. 23, the President fell in with the British armed schooner Highflyer, the tender to Admiral Warren's flagship St. Domingo. She was a stanch vessel and fast sailer, and was commanded by Lieutenant Hutchinson, one of Cockburn's subalterns when he plundered and burned Havre de Grace, the home of Rodgers. By stratagem, the latter decoyed the Highflyer alongside the President. Rodgers had obtained some British signalbooks before leaving Boston, and he had caused some signal-flags to be made on hi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Savannah, Ga. (search)
rong abatis was laid. Meanwhile Lincoln had marched from Charleston, and reached the Savannah River on Sept. 12; and on the same day French troops landed below Savannah and marched up to within 3 miles of the town. Lincoln approached, and on Sept. 23 the combined armies commenced a siege. D'Estaing had demanded a surrender of the post on the 16th, when Prevost, hourly expected reinforcements of 800 men from Beaufort, asked for a truce, which was unwisely granted. The reinforcements came, and then Prevost gave a defiant refusal. The siege, begun on Sept. 23, lasted until Oct. 8, with varying success. During the last five days a heavy cannonade and bombardment had been kept up on the British works with very little effect. D'Estaing, impatient of delay, then proposed to take the place by storm. Lincoln reluctantly agreed to the proposal, for there seemed a certainty of final victory if the siege should continue. A plan of attack was revealed to Prevost by a citizen of Charles
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sibley, Henry Hastings 1811-1891 (search)
his trips he arrived at the mouth of the Minnesota River, and was so much pleased with the place that he settled there. On May 29, 1848, when Wisconsin became a State, St. Croix River was made the western boundary. This left about 23,000 square miles east of the Mississippi without a government. In November, 1848, Mr. Sibley was elected to represent this district in Congress where he was instrumental in having an act passed creating the Territory of Minnesota, which was made to include the rest of Wisconsin and a large area west of the Mississippi. He served in Congress till 1853. Minnesota was created a State on May 11, 1858, and he was chosen its first governor. He commanded the white volunteer forces of Iowa and Minnesota against the Sioux rising of 1862, and on Sept. 23 broke the power of the Indians in a decisive battle at Wood Lake; was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and later received the brevet of major-general. He died in St. Paul, Minn., Feb. 18, 1891.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
50,000; trial begun March 8, 1894, at Washington, D. C.; verdict of $15,000 for Miss Pollard, Saturday......April 14, 1894 Patrick Eugene Prendergast, for the murder of Carter Harrison, mayor of Chicago, Oct. 28, 1893; plea of defence, insanity; jury find him sane and he is hanged......July 13, 1894 Eugene V. Debs, president American Railroad Union, charged with conspiracy in directing great strike on the Western railroads, and acquitted......1894 [He was sentenced to six months imprisonment for contempt of court in violating its injunction in 1895.] William R. Laidlaw, Jr., v. Russell Sage, for personal injuries at time of bomb explosion in the latter's office, Dec. 4, 1891; suit brought soon afterwards; plaintiff awarded heavy damages by jury; defendant appealed; case still in the courts. Leon Czolgosz indicted in Buffalo for murder of President McKinley, Sept. 16, 1901; tried Sept. 23-24; found guilty on second day; executed in Auburn (N. Y.) prison......Oct. 29, 1901