Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for October 3rd or search for October 3rd in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allatoona pass, (search)
sition, cross the Chattahoochee River, and finally to rest at Atlanta. After the evacuation of Atlanta (Sept. 2, 1864), Sherman and Hood reorganized their armies in preparation for a vigorous fall campaign. Satisfied that Hood intended to assume the offensive and probably attempt the seizure of Tennessee, Sherman sent Thomas, his second in command, to Nashville, to organize the new troops expected to gather there, and to make arrangements to meet such an emergency. Thomas arrived there Oct. 3. Meanwhile the Confederates had crossed the Chattahoochee, and by a rapid movement had struck the railway at Big Shanty, north of Marietta, and destroyed it for several miles. A division of infantry pushed northward and appeared before Allatoona, where Colonel Tourtellotte was guarding 1,000,000 National rations with only three thin regiments. Sherman made efforts at once for the defence of these and his communications. Leaving Slocum to hold Atlanta and the railway bridge across the Cha
t brutal assault and mutilation. At Pao-ting-fu, 80 miles southwest of Peking, fourteen persons, including women and children, were butchered by order of the authorities. Military operations ceased with the occupation of Peking, with the exception of punitive expeditions sent to Pao-ting-fu and the more disturbed districts. On Aug. 10, Count von Waldersee, field-marshal of the German army, was unanimously approved as commander of the allied forces. He arrived in Shanghai Sept. 21. On Oct. 3, the withdrawal of the United States troops was begun. Oct. 1, LI Hung Chang reached Peking, and the Chinese Peace Commission, consisting of LI Hung Chang, Yung Lu, Hsu Tung, and Prince Ching, was announced. Negotiations were begun at once, and on Dec. 22 the allied powers having come to an agreement as to the demands upon China, the following note was addressed to the imperial government: During the months of May, June, July, and August of the current year serious disturbances bro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Church, Benjamin 1639-1718 (search)
and in September, 1775, an intercepted letter, written by him in cipher to Major Cain, in Boston, which had passed through the hands of the mistress of Church, was deciphered; and the woman confessed that he was the author. The case was laid before the Continental Congress, and he was dismissed from his post of chief director of the general hospital. He was arrested and tried by a court-martial at Cambridge on a charge of holding a criminal correspondence with the enemy. He was convicted (Oct. 3), and imprisoned at Cambridge. On Nov. 7 the Congress ordered him to be close confined, without the use of pen, ink, or paper; and that no person be allowed to converse with him, except in the presence and hearing of a magistrate of the town or the sheriff of the county where he shall be confined, and in the English language, until further orders from this or a future Congress. He was so confined in the jail at Norwich, Conn. In May, 1776, he was released on account of failing health, an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
retary of War that the time had arrived for them to put into the army every able-bodied negro as a soldier. —29. The United States steam-packet Roanoke, just after passing out of Havana, Cuba, admitted on board three boat-loads of men claiming to be passengers, who seized the vessel, put the passengers on board another vessel, went to Bermuda, burned the steamer there, and went ashore.—30. The Confederate General Vaughan driven out of his works at Carroll Station, Tenn., by General Gillem.—Oct. 3. John B. Meigs, Sheridan's chief engineer in the Shenandoah Valley, having been brutally murdered by some guerillas, all the houses within a radius of 5 miles were burned in retaliation.—6. A Richmond paper advocated the employment of slaves as soldiers.—7. Commander Collins, in the gunboat Wachusett, ran down and captured in the harbor of Bahia, Brazil, the Confederate cruiser Florida.—10. Maryland adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery.—12. It was announced that all
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Conciliation measures. (search)
a resolution, unanimously adopted, denouncing as open and avowed enemies all who should attempt a separate treaty, and declaring that no conference should be held by any commissioners until the British armies should be first withdrawn, or the independence of the United States acknowledged. The commissioners appointed under the act, after fair and unfair efforts to accomplish their ends, were completely discomfited, and before leaving for England issued an angry and threatening manifesto (Oct. 3), addressed not to Congress only, but to the State legislatures and the people, charging upon Congress the responsibility of continuing the war; offering to the assemblies separately the terms already proposed to Congress; reminding the soldiers that Great Britain had already conceded all points originally in dispute; suggesting to the clergy that the French were papists; appealing to all lovers of peace not to suffer a few ambitious men to subject the country to the miseries of unnecessary
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cumberland Gap, actions at (search)
the National forces under General Morgan, June 18. Skirmishing was of almost daily occurrence. In an engagement, Aug. 7, the Confederates lost, in killed and wounded, 125 men; National loss, 3 killed, 15 wounded, and 50 prisoners, large quantities of forage, tobacco, stores, horses and mules. General Morgan destroyed everything of value as war material, and evacuated the place Sept. 17, and, though surrounded by the enemy, he succeeded in saving his command, which reached Greenupsburg on Oct. 3. The Gap was occupied by General Bragg, Oct. 22. On Sept. 8, 1863, the place, with 2,000 men and fourteen pieces of artillery, under the Confederate General Frazer, surrendered, without firing a gun, to General Shackleford; forty wagons, 200 mules, and a large quantity of commissary stores were captured. A three hours skirmish occurred Jan. 29, 1864, on the Virginia road, 13 miles distant. Colonel Love, with 1,600 cavalry, 400 only of whom were mounted, and with no artillery, held his pos
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Forrest, Nathan Bedford 1821-1877 (search)
n pushed on northward to Pulaski, in Tennessee, destroying the railway; but General Rousseau, at Pulaski, repulsed Forrest after brisk skirmishing several hours, when the raider made eastward, and struck the railway between Tullahoma and Decherd. He was confronted and menaced by National forces under Rousseau, Steedman, and Morgan, and withdrew before he had done much damage. At Fayetteville he divided his forces, giving 4,000 to Buford, his second in command. Buford attacked Athens (Oct. 2-3), which General Granger had regarrisoned with the 73d Indiana Regiment, and was repulsed. Forrest had pushed on to Columbia, on the Duck River, with 3,000 men, but did not attack, for he met Rousseau, with 4,000 men, coming down from Nashville. At the same time, Gen. C. C. Washburne was moving up the Tennessee on steamers, with 4,000 troops, 3,000 of them cavalry, to assist in capturing the invaders. Several other leaders of the National troops, under the command of General Thomas, who had
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Germantown, battle of. (search)
is brother in removing these obstructions, and sent strong detachments from his army to occupy the shores of the Delaware be1ow Philadelphia, which the Americans still held. Perceiving the weakening of Howe's army, and feeling the necessity of speedily striking a blow that should revive the spirits of the Americans, it was resolved to attack the British army at Germantown. Washington had been reinforced by Maryland and New Jersey troops. His army moved in four columns during the night of Oct. 3, the divisions of Sullivan and Wayne, flanked by General Conway's brigade on the right, moving by way of Chestnut Hill, while Armstrong, with Pennsylvania militia, made a circuit to gain the left and rear of the enemy. The divisions of Greene and Stephen, flanked by McDougall's brigade (two-thirds of the whole army), moved on a circuitous route to attack the front of the British right wing, while the Maryland and New Jersey militia, under Smallwood and Forman, marched to fall upon the rear
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibbons, James 1834- (search)
Baltimore; and soon after was appointed pastor of St. Bridget's Church, in Canton, a suburb of Baltimore. Subsequently he was private secretary to Archbishop Spalding, and chancellor of the diocese. In October, 1866, he was appointed assistant chancellor to the Second Plenary Council of the American Roman Catholic Church, which met in Baltimore, and in 1868 became vicar-apostolic of North Carolina, with the title of bishop. On May 20, 1877, he was appointed coadjutor archbishop of Baltimore, and on Oct. 3 of the same year succeeded to the see. In November, 1884, he presided at the Third National Council at Baltimore. In 1886 lie was elevated to the dignity of cardinal, being the second prelate in the United States to attain that high distinction. Cardinal Gibbons boldly put an end to Cahenslyism (q. v.) in the United States, and has shown himself to be a thorough American citizen. He is the author of The faith of our fathers; Our Christian heritage; and The ambassador of Christ.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tallasahatchee, battle of. (search)
h 500 dragoons and as many mounted volunteers as could join him immediately, towards the Creek country. Jackson, with his arm in a sling, joined him soon afterwards, and drilled his troops thoroughly for the emergency. When he arrived at the Coosa he was informed that the hostile Creeks were assembled at Tallasahatchee, a town in an open woodland. Jackson sent the stalwart Coffee, with 1,000 horsemen, to attack them. He was accompanied by friendly Creeks and Cherokees. On the morning of Oct. 3, by a manoeuvre, the Indians were decoyed out of the town, when they fell upon the Tennesseeans furiously. They were immediately smitten by a volley of bullets and a charge of the cavalry. The Creeks fought valiantly. Inch by inch they were pushed back by the narrowing circle of their assailants, who attacked them at all points. Not one would ask quarter, but fought as long as he could wield a weapon. Every warrior was killed. In falling back to their village, they became mingled with
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