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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discovery of. (search)
day the tenth, although abundance of birds were continually passing both by day and night, they never ceased to complain. The admiral upraided their want of resolution, and declared that they must perish in their endeavours to discover the Indies, for which he and they had been sent out by their Catholic majesties. It would have been impossible for the admiral to have much longer withstood the numbers which now opposed him; but it pleased God that, in the afternoon of Thursday the eleventh of October, such manifest tokens of being near the land appeared, that the men took courage and rejoiced at their good fortune as much as they had been before distressed. From the admiral's ships a green rush was seen to float past, and one of those green fish which never go far from the rocks. The people in the Pinta saw a cane and a staff in the water, and took up another staff very curiously carved, and a small board, and great plenty of weeds were seen which seemed to have been recently t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833 (search)
to Constantinople for that petty despot. On his return, with power given him by the William Bainbridge. Sultan, Bainbridge frightened the insolent Dey, compelling him to release all Christian prisoners then in his possession. He returned to the United States in 1801, and he was again sent to the Mediterranean with the frigate Essex. Upon the declaration of war against the United States by Tripoli, in 1803, Bainbridge was put in command of the Philadelphia, one of Preble's squadron. On Oct. 11 the Philadelphia struck on a rock neal Tripoli, and was captured, with her commander and crew. At Tripoli Bainbridge and 315 of his men remained prisoners about nineteen months. On his return to the United States, he was received with great respect, and in the reorganization of the navy, in 1806, he became the seventh in the list of captains. Having obtained the rank of commodore, Bainbridge was appointed to the command of a squadron (September, 1812) composed of the Constitution, (flagsh
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champlain, Lake, operations on (search)
of them as commodore. A schooner called the Royal Savage was his flag-ship. Carleton, meanwhile, had used great diligence in fitting out an armed flotilla at St. John for the recovery of Crown Point and Ticonderoga. Towards the close of August, Arnold went down the lake with his fleet and watched the foe until early in October, when he fell back to Valcour Island and formed his flotilla for action without skill. Carleton advanced, with Edward Pringle as commodore, and, on the morning of Oct. 11, gained an advantageous position near Arnold's vessels. A very severe battle ensued, in which the Royal Savage was first crippled and afterwards destroyed. Arnold behaved with the greatest bravery during a fight of four or five hours, until it was closed by the falling of night. In the darkness Arnold escaped with his vessels from surrounding dangers and pushed up the lake, but was overtaken on the 13th. One of the vessels, the Washington, was run on shore and burned, while Arnold, in th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
rrows, at the entrance of New York Harbor.—24. Transmission of Confederate journals through the mails prohibited.—Sept. 12. Col. John A. Washington, formerly of Mount Vernon, aide of Gen. Robert E. Lee, killed while reconnoitring in western Virginia.—18. Bank of New Orleans suspended specie payments.—21. John C. Breckinridge fled from Frankfort, Ky., and openly joined the Confederates.—24. Count de Paris and Due de Chartres entered the United States service as aides to General McClellan.— Oct. 11. Marshal Kane, of Baltimore, sent to Fort Lafayette.—15. Three steamers despatched from New York after the Confederate steamer Nashville, which escaped from Charleston on the 11th.—23. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus suspended in the District of Columbia.—30. All the state-prisoners (143) in Fort Lafayette transferred to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor.—Nov. 3. Rising of Union men in eastern Tennessee, who destroy railroad bridges.—Dec. 1. Loyal legislature of Virgi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
as page to Prince Juan, the heir apparent, Columbus sailed from Palos in the decked vessel Santa Maria, with Martin Alonzo Pinzon as commander of the Pinta, and his brother, Vincent Yañez Pinzon, as commander of the Nina, the two caravels. They left the port with a complement of officers and crews on Friday morning, Aug. 3, 1492, and after a voyage marked by tempests—the crew in mortal fear most of the time, and at last mutinous—some indications of land were discovered late in the night of Oct. 11. Many times they had been deceived by presages of land, and what they thought were actual discoveries of it. The crown had offered a little more than $100 to the man who should first discover land, and to this Columbus added the prize of a silken doublet. All eyes were continually on the alert. At ten o'clock on the night of the 1lth, Columbus was on his deck, eagerly watching for signs of land, when he discovered a light on the verge of the horizon. Early the next morning, Rodrigo Tr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crown Point, (search)
on of the French until 1759, when the approach of a large English force, under General Amherst, caused the garrison there to join that at Ticonderoga, in their flight down the lake to its outlet. Amherst remained at Crown Point long enough to construct a sufficient number of rude boats to convey his troops, artillery, and baggage, and then started to drive the enemy before him across the St. Lawrence. The delay prevented his joining Wolfe at Quebec. When ready to move, it was mid-autumn (Oct. 11), and heavy storms compelled him to return to Crown Point, after going a short distance down the lake. There he placed his troops in winter quarters, where they constructed a fortress, whose picturesque ruins, after the lapse of more than a century, attested its original strength. The whole circuit, measuring along the ramparts, was a trifle less than half a mile; and it was surrounded by a broad ditch, cut out of the solid limestone, with the fragments taken out of which massive stone ba
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Izard, George 1777-1828 (search)
major-general. From 1825 until his death he was governor of Arkansas Territory. Early in September, 1814, he moved towards Sackett's Harbor, under the direction of the Secretary of War, with about 4,000 troops, where he received a despatch from General Brown at Fort Erie, Sept. 10, urging him to move on to his support, as he had not more than 2,000 effective men. The first division of Izard's troops arrived at Lewiston on Oct. 5. He moved up to Black Rock, crossed the Niagara River, Oct. 10-11, and encamped 2 miles north of Fort Erie. Ranking General Brown, he took the chief command of the combined forces, then numbering, with volunteers and militia, about 8,000 men. He prepared to march against Drummond, who, after the sortie at Fort Erie, had moved down to Queenston. Izard moved towards Chippewa, and vainly endeavored to draw Drummond out. He had some skirmishing in an attempt to destroy a quantity of grain belonging to the British, in which he lost twelve men killed and fift
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pulaski, Count Casimir 1748- (search)
78 his Legion was formed, composed of sixty light horsemen and 200 foot-soldiers. When about to take the field in the South the Moravian nuns, or singing women at Bethlehem, Pa., sent him a banner Count Casimir Pulaski. Greene and Pulaski monument. wrought by them, which he received with grateful acknowledgments, and which he bore until he fell at Savannah in 1779. This event is commemorated in Longfellow's Hymn of the Moravian nuns. The banner is now in possession of the Maryland Historical Society. Surprised near Little Egg Harbor, on the New Jersey coast, nearly all of his foot-soldiers were killed. Recruiting his ranks, he went South in February, 1779, and was in active service under General Lincoln, engaging bravely in the siege of Savannah, Ga. (q. v.), in which he was mortally wounded, taken to the United States brig Wasp, and there died, Oct. 11. The citizens of Savannah erected a monument to Greene and Pulaski, the cornerstone of which was laid by Lafayette in 1825.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Perryville, Ky......Oct. 8, 1862 Eighteen hundred Confederate cavalry, with four pieces of artillery, under Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, cross the Potomac for a raid into Pennsylvania......Oct. 10, 1862 They reach and occupy Chambersburg, Pa., on Oct. 11, and return to Virginia through Maryland, crossing the Potomac at White's Ford, without the loss of a man killed, and having secured 1,000 horses......Oct. 12, 1862 Ten Confederate prisoners at Palmyra, Mo., shot by order of General McNiel...ntion meets at St. Louis......Oct. 3, 1893 Tucker bill to repeal the federal election laws passes the House by 201 to 102; not voting, fifty......Oct. 10, 1893 Senate sits continuously to force a vote on the repeal bill, from 11 A. M. Wednesday, Oct. 11, to 1.45 A. M. Friday, when it adjourns for want of a quorum. Senator Allen, of Nebraska, holds the floor for fourteen hours, in the longest continuous speech ever made in the Senate......Oct. 13, 1893 American yacht Vigilant wins the t