pulation of 1,231,066, engaged in farming, manufacturing, fishing, and mercantile pursuits.
Less than one-half the land is improved.
It is about 1/380 part of the whole Union, ranking the thirty-sixth in size among the forty States and Territories.
It is divided into fourteen counties, and three hundred and thirty-five cities and towns.
Its governor, lieutenant-governor, eight councillors, forty senators, and two hundred and forty representatives, are elected every year, in the month of November, by the free suffrage of the qualified voters.
The executive department of the Government is vested in the governor and Executive Council,—the governor, however, being the supreme executive magistrate, whose title is, His Excellency; the legislative, in a Senate and House of Representatives, each having a negative upon the other, and known and designated as the General Court.
The judicial department is composed of different courts, the judges of which are appointed by the governor, and
by the convention.
The speeches and resolutions breathed but one sentiment, and expressed but one purpose, which was to sustain the national and State Governments, and to carry on the war with undiminished vigor until peace was conquered, and human slavery for ever rooted out of the land.
Both conventions passed resolutions complimenting the bravery, and expressing sympathy for the sacrifices, of our war-worn heroes at the seat of war.
The election took place on the second Tuesday in November, and resulted as follows: for John A. Andrew, 70,483 votes; for Henry W. Paine, 29,207; all others, 77,—majority for Governor Andrew, 41,199, the largest he had received in any election.
On the 17th of October, the President called for three hundred thousand volunteers, of which number Massachusetts was to furnish, as her contingent, 15,126 men. At this time, the bounty paid by the State, to each three years volunteer, was $50, and the bounty paid by the United States $100. Business, in