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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
ld let them return to their homes. He came near the Puerto del Principe, but could not reach it, because it was night, and because the current drifted them to the northwest. He turned her head to northeast with a light wind. At three o'clock in the morning the wind changed, and a course was shaped east-northeast, the wind being south-southwest, and changing at dawn to south and southeast. At sunset Puerto del Principe bore nearly southwest by west 48 miles, which are 12 leagues. Wednesday, Nov. 21. At sunrise the Admiral steered east, with a southerly wind, but made little progress, owing to a contrary sea. At vespers he had gone 24 miles. Afterwards the wind changed to east, and he steered south by east, at sunset having gone 12 miles. Here he found himself 42 degrees north of the equinoctial line, as in the port of Mares, but he says that he kept the result from the quadrant in suspense until he reached the shore, that it might be adjusted (as it would seem that he thought
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
sk them, the source of all sovereignty, to ratify or reject it. It was done. The Constitution was violently assailed, especially by the extreme supporters of the doctrine of State sovereignty. The consent of the people of nine States was necessary to secure its ratification. The New Hampshire convention completed the work by voting for its ratification, June 21, 1788. All the rest had ratified it, excepting Rhode Island, before the close of that year, North Carolina having voted for it Nov. 21. Rhode Island held back until May 20, 1790, the government, under the new Constitution, having gone into operation on March 4, 1789. The ratification of the national Constitution was celebrated at Philadelphia (July 4, 1788) with imposing ceremonies. The ten ratifying States were represented by as many ships moored at intervals in the Delaware, along the front of the city, each displaying at her mast-head a white flag bearing the name of the State represented in golden letters. All the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Deane, Silas, 1737-1789 (search)
tters to his brother in Congress (Richard Henry Lee), in which he made many insinuations against the probity of both his colleagues. Ralph Izard, commissioner to the Tuscan Court, offended because he was not consulted about the treaty with France, had written home similar letters; and William Carmichael, a secretary of the commissioners, who had returned to America, insinuated in Congress that Deane had appropriated the public money to his own use. Deane was recalled, by order of Congress, Nov. 21, 1777; arrived at Philadelphia Aug. 10, 1778; and on the 13th reported to Congress. In that body he found false reports operating against him; and finally, exasperated by the treatment which he received at their hands, he engaged in a controversy with influential members. Out of this affair sprang two violent parties, Robert Morris and other members of Congress who were commercial experts taking the side of Deane, and Richard Henry Lee, then chairman of the committee on foreign affairs,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fredericksburg, battle at. (search)
sponsibility made the latter commander exceedingly cautious. Before he moved he endeavored to get his 120,000 men well in hand. Aquia Creek was made his base of supplies, and he moved the army towards Fredericksburg on Nov. 10. Sumner led the movement down the left bank of the Rappahannock. By the 20th a greater portion of Burnside's forces were opposite Fredericksburg, and their cannon com- Map of battle of Fredericksburg. manded the town. Sumner demanded the surrender of the city (Nov. 21). It was refused. The bridges had been destroyed. A greater portion of the inhabitants now fled, and the town was occupied by Confederate troops. Lee's army, 80,000 strong, was upon and near the Heights of Fredericksburg by the close of November, and had planted strong batteries there. The army lay in a semicircle around Fredericksburg, each wing resting upon the Rappahannock, its right at Port Royal and its left 6 miles above the city. Pontoons for the construction of bridges across
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George, Fort, (search)
Tory refugees took possession of the manor-house of Gen. John Smith, at Smith's Point, L. I., fortified it and the grounds around it, and named the works Fort George, which they designed as a depository of stores for the British in New York. They began cutting wood for the British army in the city. At the solicitation of General Smith, and the approval of Washington, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge crossed the Sound from Fairfield, with eighty dismounted dragoons, and landed, on the evening of Nov. 21, at Woodville. There he remained until the next night, on account of a storm. At the mills, 2 miles from Fort George, he found a faithful guide, and at dawn he and his followers burst through the stockade, rushed across the parade, shouting Washington and glory! and so furiously assailed Ford George, old New York City the redoubt on three sides that the garrison surrendered without resistance. Tallmadge demolished the fort, burned vessels lying at the wharf, and, with 300 prisoners, s
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Andrew 1808- (search)
f magistrate was contemplating some revolutionary movement. The tenure of office act seemed to guarantee Mr. Stanton against removal. The Fortieth Congress met immediately after the adjournment of the Thirty-ninth, and adjourned March 31, 1867, to meet on the first Wednesday in July following, for the express purpose of preventing the President from doing serious mischief. After removing obstructions cast in the way of reorganization by the President, Congress adjourned, July 20, to meet Nov. 21, hoping the President would no longer disturb the public peace by his conduct. They were mistaken. As soon as Congress adjourned, in violation of the tenure of office act he proceeded to remove Mr. Stanton from office. He first asked him, Aug. 5, to resign. Grave public considerations, he said, constrain me to request your resignation as Secretary of War. Stanton replied, Grave public considerations constrain me to continue in the office of Secretary of War until the next meeting of Co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
ted a committee of safety, composed of distinguished citizens of New Orleans, of which Livingston was chairman. Governor Claiborne, who also believed Lafitte's story, sent copies of the British papers to Jackson, then at Mobile. Then the latter issued a vigorous counterproclamation, and proceeded to break up the nest of motley enemies at Pensacola. Finally, there were such omens of a speedy invasion of Louisiana that appeals to Jackson were repeated, and he left Mobile for New Orleans on Nov. 21. The patriotic governor had called the legislature together as early as Oct. 5, but there was neither union, harmony, nor confidence. The people, alarmed, complained of the legislature; that body complained of the governor; and Claiborne complained of both the legislature and the people. Money and credit were equally wanting, and ammunition was very scarce. There was no effective naval force in the adjacent waters; and only two small militia regiments and a weak battalion of uniformed v
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mayflower descendants, Society of (search)
Mayflower descendants, Society of An organization founded in New York City, Dec. 22, 1894, by the lineal descendants of the Mayflower Pilgrims. The purpose of the society is to preserve their memory, their records, their history, and all facts relating to them, their ancestors, and their posterity. Any lineal descendant of a Pilgrim of the Mayflower who has reached the age of eighteen years is eligible to membership. The annual meeting occurs on Nov. 21, the anniversary of the signing of the Compact. The total membership in 1900, scattered over several of the New England and Middle States, was 2,500. Henry E. Howland is governor-general, and Richard Henry Greene is secretary-general.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Niagara, Fort (search)
Niagara remained in possession of the British until the frontier posts were given up to the Americans, in 1796. In 1812 the fort was garrisoned by the Americans, commanded by Lieut.-Col. George McFeely. The British had raised breastworks in front of the village of Newark (q. v.), opposite the fort, at intervals, all the way up to Fort George, and placed behind them several mortars and a long train of battering cannon. These mortars began a bombardment of Fort Niagara on the morning of Nov. 21, and at the same time a cannonade was opened at Fort George and its vicinity. From dawn until twilight there was a continuous roar of artillery from the line of batteries on the Canada shore; and during the day 2,000 red-hot shot were poured upon the American works. The mortars sent showers of destructive bombshells. Buildings in the fort were set on fire several times, and were extinguished by great exertions. Meanwhile the garrison returned the assault gallantly. Newark was set on f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pilgrim fathers, the (search)
ces, front time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names, at Cape Cod, the 11th of November [O. S.], in the year of the reign of our sovereign lord, King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini 1620. the Mayflower first anchored in Cape Cod Bay, just within the cape, on Nov. 21 (N. S.), in what is now the harbor of Provincetown, the only windward port for many a league where the vessel could have long safely lain. Nearly all the company went ashore, glad to touch land after the long voyage. They first fell on their knees, and thanked God for the preservation of their lives. The waters were shallow, and they had waded ashore—the men to explore the country, the women Old relic from the Mayflower. to wash their clothes after the long voyage. The spot chosen
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