Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for December 31st or search for December 31st in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bank of North America. (search)
of Confederation (see Confederation, articles of), the Congress had no power, independent of the several States. to enforce taxation. Robert Morris, then Superintendent of Finance (Secretary of the Treasury), proposed the establishment of a bank at Philadelphia, to supply the government with money, with a capital of $400,000. The promissory notes of the bank were to be a legal-tender currency, to be received in payment of all taxes, duties, and debts due the United States. The plan was approved by the Congress (May 26, 1781), and this financial agent of the government was chartered by the Congress Dec. 31. The capital stock was divided into shares of $400 each, in money of gold or silver. to be procured by subscriptions. Twelve directors were appointed to manage the affairs of the bank, which was entitled by the Congress The President, Directors, and Company of the Bank of North America. That corporation furnished adequate means for saving the Continental army from disbanding.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, James, (search)
ck upon Major Anderson was intended, but that, on the contrary, it was the desire of the State authorities as much as it was my own to avoid the fatal consequences which must eventually follow a military collision. And here I deem it proper to submit for your information copies of a communication, dated Dec. 28, 1860, addressed to me by R. W. Barnwell, J. H. Adams, aid James L. Orr, commissioners from South Carolina, with the accompanying documents, and copies of my answer thereto, dated Dec. 31. In further explanation of Major Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. it is proper to state that after my answer to the South Carolina commissioners the War Department received a letter from that gallant officer, dated on Dec. 27, 1860, the day after this movement, from which the following is an extract: I will add as my opinion that many things convinced me that the authorities of the State designed to proceed to a hostile act. Evidently referring to the order
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burr, Aaron, 1716- (search)
tered the Continental army, at Cambridge, as a private soldier, and as such accompanied Arnold in his expedition to Quebec. From the line of that expedition, in the wilderness. Arnold sent him with despatches to General Montgomery, at Montreal, where he entered the military family of that officer as his aide-de-camp, with the rank of captain. Offended because checked by Montgomery in his officiousness, he left his staff, and joined Arnold's on the night of the assault on Quebec (Dec. 30 and 31. 1775). He was with Arnold when the latter was wounded in that assault, and was his acting brigade major for a while. He left the Aaron Burr. army in Canada. and joined the military family of Washington, at New York, in May. 1776. with the rank of major. Dissatisfied with that position, he left it in the course of a few weeks and took a similar position on General Putnam's staff. He was active in the events connected with the defence and abandonment of the city of New York in 1776: and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Elective franchise. (search)
owns of over 1,000 voters and in counties where registration has been adopted by popular vote; in Tennessee in all counties of 50,000 or more inhabitants; in New York in all cities and villages of over 5,000 population; in Missouri in cities of 100,000; in Wisconsin in some cities. In Washington in cities and towns and in voting precincts having 250 voters or more. In Texas cities of 10,000 or over may require registration. In Rhode Island non-taxpayers are required to register before Dec. 31, each year. Registration is prohibited by constitutional provision in Arkansas and West Virginia. The qualifications for voting in each State and the classes excluded from suffrage are as follows: Alabama Citizen or alien who has declared intention; must have resided in State one year, county three months, town or precinct thirty days; persons convicted of crime punishable by imprisonment, idiots or insane excluded from suffrage. Arkansas Citizen or alien who has declared in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montgomery, Richard 1736- (search)
command, under Schuyler, in the Northern Department, he became acting commanderin-chief because of his superior's protracted illness. He entered Canada early in September, with a considerable army, captured St. John, on the Sorel or Richelieu River, Nov. 3, took Montreal on the 13th, and pushed on towards Quebec, and stood before its walls with some troops under Arnold, Dec. 4. On the 9th the Continental Congress made him a major-general. He invested Quebec and continued the siege until Dec. 31, when he attempted to take the city by storm. In that effort he was slain by grapeshot from a masked battery, Dec. 31, 1775. His death was regarded as a great public calamity, and on the floor of the British Parliament he was eulogized by Burke, Chatham, and Barre. Even Lord North spoke of him as brave, humane, and generous; but added, still he was only a brave, humane, and generous rebel; curse on his virtues, they've undone his Montgomery's monument. country. To this remark Fox reto
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Orleans. (search)
ich he armed with heavy guns from the schooner. This battery commanded the front of Jackson's lines by an enfilading fire, and soon compelled the British to fall back from Chalmette's. The Tennessee riflemen were conspicuously active in annoying the British sentinels by hunts, as they called little expeditions. Macartes, Jackson's headquarters. The British contented themselves with casting up a strong redoubt near the swamp, from which they opened a vigorous fire on Jackson's left (Dec. 31). That night the whole British army moved forward to within a few hundred yards of the American lines, and began throwing up intrenchments on which to place heavy siege-guns, which had arrived. By daylight they had erected three half-moon batteries within 600 yards of the American breastworks, right, centre, and left. Upon these they had mounted thirty pieces of heavy ordnance, manned by picked VillereaS mansion. gunners from the fleet. The works were hidden by a thick fog on the morni
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Norfolk, destruction of (search)
protection, and many of them starved to death. Parties sent on shore to procure provisions were cut off, and famine menaced the fleet, for the multitude of mouths to be filled increased. The vessels were also annoyed by firing from the shore. A British frigate arriving at that juncture emboldened Dunmore, and he sent a flag to Colonel Howe with a threat to burn the town if the firing did not cease and provisions were not sent to the fleet. A flat refusal was given. On the morning of Dec. 31 Dunmore gave notice that he should cannonade the town, so that women and children and loyalists might leave it. The cannonade was opened at 4 A. M. the next day, and marines and sailors were sent on shore to set fire to the city. The wind was blowing from the water, and the buildings being chiefly of wood, a greater portion of the most compact part of the town was laid in ashes. The conflagration raged about fifty hours, and hundreds of wretched people were left shelterless in the cold wi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Royal Ferry, battle of. (search)
strong, under Generals Gregg and Pope. The Nationals proceeded to expel them. For this purpose a joint land and naval force, the former commanded by Brigadier-General Stevens, and the latter by Commodore C. R. P. Rogers, proceeded to attack them. Stevens had about 4,000 troops— of New York, Pennsylvania, and Michigan; and the naval force consisted of four gunboats, an armed ferry-boat, and four large row-boats, each carrying a 12-pounder howitzer. The expedition moved on the evening of Dec. 31. The land and naval forces were joined 3 miles below the ferry on the morning of Jan. 1, 1862, and pressed forward to the attack. The first onset was sharp and quick. A concealed battery near the ferry, that was opened upon the Nationals was soon silenced by a close encounter, in which the 8th Michigan bore the brunt. But very little fighting occurred afterwards. The Confederates, seeing the gunboats coming forward, abandoned their works and fled, and the Pennsylvania Roundheads passed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sheridan, Philip Henry 1831-1888 (search)
alry, and on July 1 repulsed and defeated a superior Confederate force under Chalmers at Booneville, Miss. He was then at the head of a brigade of cavalry, and was made brigadiergeneral. In August he defeated Faulkner's cavalry in Mississippi. Late in September he took command of a division in the Army of the Ohio, and led another division at the battle of Perryville. He also commanded a division with great efficiency in the battle at Stone River, and for his services there he was made (Dec. 31) major-general of volunteers. He afterwards rendered signal service in the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, when he was transferred to the Army of the Potomac (April, 1864) as chief of cavalry. When the Federal army emerged from the Wilderness, in 1864, General Sheridan was sent to cut Lee's communications with Richmond. This was the first of the great raids of that leader in Virginia, and was a short but destructive one. He took with him a greater portion of the cavalry l
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumter, Fort (search)
he State convention, in the legislature, in public and private assemblies, as a traitor to the South, because lie was a native of a slave-labor State. The Confederates in Charleston and Washington were filled with rage. Floyd declared the solemn pledges of the government had been violated by Anderson, and he demanded of the President permission to withdraw the garrison from Charleston Harbor. The President refused; a disruption of the cabinet followed. Floyd fled; and Anderson received (Dec. 31) from Secretary of War Holt —a Kentuckian like himself—an assurance of his approval of what he had done. Earlier than this words of approval had reached Anderson. From the legislature of Nebraska, 2,000 miles away, a telegram said to him, A happy New year! Other greetings from the outside world came speedily; and a poet in a parody on the old Scotch song of John Anderson, my Jo, made Miss Columbia sing: Bob Anderson, my beau, Bob, when we were first aquent, You were in Mex-i-co, Bob,
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